Abstract

We theoretically show an approach to generate intense frequency-tunable few-cycle femtosecond pulses by molecular phase modulation combined with self-phase modulation. An intense pump pulse propagates through a gas-filled hollow fiber to excite alignment of the gas molecule, which induces temporal modulation of the refractive index. Then the spectrum of a time-delayed intense probe pulse is continuously tuned by the alignment and broadened simultaneously by self-phase modulation. The modification to the pump-induced alignment by the intense probe pulse is considered. Frequency-tunable intense few-cycle pulses in the visible and near-infrared spectrum range are obtained using initial 20fs, 800nm pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. Zewail, “Femtochemistry: recent progress in studies of dynamics and control of reactions and their transition states,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12701-12724 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, G. Tempea, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Mirror-dispersion-controlled sub-10-fs optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1529-1531 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B62-B69 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3330-3332 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, “Generation of single intense short optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Zhong Fengjiao, Jiang Hongbing, and Gong Qihuang, “Tuning the frequency of few-cycle femtosecond laser pulses by molecular phase modulation,” Opt. Express 17, 1472-1477 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Milosevic, G. Tempea, and T. Brabec, “Optical pulse compression: bulk media versus hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 25, 672-674 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. V. Husakou, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation and pulse compression in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1022-1024 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Spanner and Misha Yu. Ivanov, “Optimal generation of single-dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by molecular phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 576-578 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, UV-VUV, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. E. Cidder, “Refractive index of air: new equations for the visible and near infrared,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1566-1572 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, UV-VUV, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Spanner and Misha Yu. Ivanov, “Optimal generation of single-dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by molecular phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 576-578 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, “Generation of single intense short optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

A. V. Husakou, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation and pulse compression in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1022-1024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (2)

P. E. Cidder, “Refractive index of air: new equations for the visible and near infrared,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1566-1572 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Zewail, “Femtochemistry: recent progress in studies of dynamics and control of reactions and their transition states,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12701-12724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aleonard, M.-M.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Milosevic, G. Tempea, and T. Brabec, “Optical pulse compression: bulk media versus hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 25, 672-674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Burgy, F.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Chambaret, J.-P.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chemin, J.-F.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cidder, P. E.

Cirmi, G.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dangor, A. E.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fengjiao, Zhong

Ferencz, K.

Fritzler, S.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3330-3332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, UV-VUV, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation and pulse compression in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1022-1024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hongbing, Jiang

Husakou, A. V.

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, Misha Yu.

Kalosha, V.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalosha, V. P.

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, UV-VUV, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou, V. P. Kalosha, and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation and pulse compression in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1022-1024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kateyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohler, S.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, “Generation of single intense short optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, G. Tempea, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Mirror-dispersion-controlled sub-10-fs optical parametric amplifier in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1529-1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krushelnick, K.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefebvre, E.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, G.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, V.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangles, S. P. D.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manzoni, C.

Metzger, T.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Milosevic, G. Tempea, and T. Brabec, “Optical pulse compression: bulk media versus hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 25, 672-674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Najmudin, Z.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

Pittman, M.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qihuang, Gong

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousseau, J.-P.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheurer, J.-N.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spanner, M.

M. Spanner and Misha Yu. Ivanov, “Optimal generation of single-dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by molecular phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 576-578 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

Suzuki, T.

Teisset, C. Y.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walton, B.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zewail, A. H.

A. H. Zewail, “Femtochemistry: recent progress in studies of dynamics and control of reactions and their transition states,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12701-12724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, “Generation of single intense short optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

A. H. Zewail, “Femtochemistry: recent progress in studies of dynamics and control of reactions and their transition states,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 12701-12724 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, “Ultrawide spectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, UV-VUV, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Kohler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, “Generation of single intense short optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kateyn, “Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, “Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M.-M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J.-P. Chambaret, J.-F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-N. Scheurer, B. Walton, and A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298, 1596-1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Alignment versus pulse durations for intensities of 1.0 × 10 13 (dash), 3.5 × 10 13 (dot), and 5.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 (solid).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modification of the prepared alignment by intense 3.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 probe pulses with different pulse durations of 20 (dot) and 100 fs (dash-dot) at time delay (a) Δ t = 4.2 ps and (b) Δ t = 8.4 ps . The solid curves in (a) and (b) are the alignments induced only by the 100 fs , 3.5 × 10 13 W cm 2 pump pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency blueshift and broadening for probe pulse at time delay Δ t = 4.2 ps . (a) Spectra of the probe pulse ( 1.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 (dot), 3.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 (solid), and weak (dash-dot) after propagating 1 m . The dashed curve is the initial spectrum. Inset: the continuously blueshifting and broadening spectra of the 1.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 probe pulse versus lengths of propagation. (b) Fourier-transform-limited pulses of the three shifted spectra in (a). Inset: the phase of the three shifted spectra in (a) (same curve type for same intensity).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Frequency redshift and broadening at time delay Δ t = 8.4 ps . (a) Spectra of the probe pulse ( 1.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 (dot), 3.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 (solid), and weak (dash-dot) after propagating 1 m . The dashed curve is the initial spectrum. Inset: the continuously redshifting and broadening spectra of the 1.0 × 10 13 W cm 2 probe pulse versus lengths of propagation. (b) Fourier-transform-limited pulses of the three shifted spectra in (a). Inset: the phase of the three shifted spectra in (a) (same curve type for same intensity).

Equations (2)

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i t ψ ( θ , t ) = [ J ̂ 2 2 I U 0 ( t ) cos 2 θ ] ψ ( θ , t ) ,
E ( z , t ) z + 1 c E ( z , t ) t = 1 2 c P ( z , t ) t ,

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