Abstract

Fluorescence decay dynamics of photo-excited p-element (Bi, Pb, Sb, Sn)-doped and Al-codoped germanate glasses have been studied over a wide range of time scales and intensities upon excitation with 800nm and 532nm short light pulses. Decay of fluorescence contains several components with different spectral and temperature dependencies in the range from 10nsto1000μs. The temporal evolution of a fluorescence spectrum is discussed. The model of the relaxation of excitation is proposed to explain the experimental data.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2227-2229 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Sharonov, A. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, R. R. Alfano, G. H. Beall, and N. Borrelli, “Spectroscopy of transparent forsterite nanocrystalline glass-ceramic doped with chromium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2046-2053 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (6)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Murata and T. Mouri, “Matrix effect on absorption and infrared fluorescence properties of Bi ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403-2407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in a bismuth-doped silica glass at 1300 nm telecommunications window,” Opt. Commun. 266, 169-171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2OAl2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, “Emission dynamics of the 4F3/2 level of Nd3+ in YAG at low pump intensities,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087-8098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Trukhin, “Localized states in wide-gap glasses. Comparison with relevant crystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 1-15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

G. S. Higashi and M. Kastner, “Charged defect-pair luminescence in a-As2S3,” J. Phys. C 12, L821-L826 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R.

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beall, G. H.

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I.

Bufetov, I. A.

Bykov, A.

Chen, D.

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in a bismuth-doped silica glass at 1300 nm telecommunications window,” Opt. Commun. 266, 169-171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grinberg, M.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2227-2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Higashi, G. S.

G. S. Higashi and M. Kastner, “Charged defect-pair luminescence in a-As2S3,” J. Phys. C 12, L821-L826 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Holliday, K.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Kanabe, T.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kastner, M.

G. S. Higashi and M. Kastner, “Charged defect-pair luminescence in a-As2S3,” J. Phys. C 12, L821-L826 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Koepke, Cz.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, “Emission dynamics of the 4F3/2 level of Nd3+ in YAG at low pump intensities,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087-8098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, “Emission dynamics of the 4F3/2 level of Nd3+ in YAG at low pump intensities,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087-8098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M.

Meng, X.

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mouri, T.

T. Murata and T. Mouri, “Matrix effect on absorption and infrared fluorescence properties of Bi ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403-2407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murata, T.

T. Murata and T. Mouri, “Matrix effect on absorption and infrared fluorescence properties of Bi ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403-2407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in a bismuth-doped silica glass at 1300 nm telecommunications window,” Opt. Commun. 266, 169-171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2OAl2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Owen, S.

Peng, M.

Petricevic, V.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, D. L.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seo, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in a bismuth-doped silica glass at 1300 nm telecommunications window,” Opt. Commun. 266, 169-171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, M.

Shubin, A.

Sokolov, V. O.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2OAl2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trukhin, A.

A. Trukhin, “Localized states in wide-gap glasses. Comparison with relevant crystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 1-15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wisniewski, K.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

Zhu, C.

Zhu, C.-S.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135-137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2OAl2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Des. (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259-263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

T. Murata and T. Mouri, “Matrix effect on absorption and infrared fluorescence properties of Bi ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403-2407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Trukhin, “Localized states in wide-gap glasses. Comparison with relevant crystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 1-15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. C (1)

G. S. Higashi and M. Kastner, “Charged defect-pair luminescence in a-As2S3,” J. Phys. C 12, L821-L826 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y.-S. Seo, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in a bismuth-doped silica glass at 1300 nm telecommunications window,” Opt. Commun. 266, 169-171 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz. Koepke, “Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid,” Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, “Emission dynamics of the 4F3/2 level of Nd3+ in YAG at low pump intensities,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087-8098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

3D (top) and contour (bottom) plots of fluorescence intensity for Bi-doped (and Al-codoped) germanate glass. A, B, C, and D denote major excitation-emission bands.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Decay of fluorescence on excitation with 800 nm (solid curves) and 532 nm (dotted curves) 5 ns laser pulses at temperatures from 20 K to 380 K (step 40 K ) in the range of a) 0 5 μ s (note the break of scale at 0.4 μ s ; this is done to show very initial stages of the decay) b) 0 100 μ s , and c) 0 2000 μ s . All traces for 532 nm excitation are shifted vertically for clarity. Dotted lines in Fig. 2c indicate approximation of the latest stages of the decays.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of lifetimes at 100 K and 300 K for a Bi-doped sample. Distribution at 800 nm excitation is shown with a vertical pattern; distribution at 532 excitation is shown with a horizontal pattern.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependences of the intensities of the distribution bands for 800 nm excitation (top) and 532 nm excitation (bottom) of Bi-doped samples. a), b), c), d), e) and f) correspond to the bands indicated in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Decay of fluorescence at 100 K of a Bi-doped sample excited at 800 nm . Dotted curve is calculated decay with the distribution shown in Fig. 3. Dashed line represents I t 0.4 decay.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectra of fluorescence of Bi-doped glass at different delays after excitation at 800 nm at 300 K (top) and 80 K (bottom).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectra of fluorescence of Bi-doped glass at different delays after excitation at 532 nm at 300 K (top) and 80 K (bottom).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Adiabatic potential model. a) Long-lived centers. b) Short-lived centers.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Decay of fluorescence of Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-doped samples at 300 K at different time scales.

Equations (4)

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I ( t ) = I ( 0 ) exp ( t τ Φ ( t ) ) ,
I ( t ) = A ( τ ) τ e t τ .
A ( τ ) exp ( t τ ) d ( ln τ ) i = 1 40 A i ( τ i ) exp ( t τ i ) .
W nrad W 0 exp ( Δ k T ) ,

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