Abstract

The increasing application of plasmonic devices causes the requirement of high-efficiency surface plasmon polariton sources. Here, we present a new surface plasmon polariton coupler based on double nanoslits. By carefully choosing the geometry parameters of the structure, the coupling efficiency can be greatly enhanced through constructive interference between the double or multislits and the input surface modulation. The good functionalities of the device such as low noise, unidirectionality and high efficiency indicate that such a structure may be a good choice as a surface plasmon polariton source for rapid development of plasmonics.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, 2nd. ed. (Artech House, 2000).
  15. A. D. Rakić, A. B. Djurišić, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2332-2337 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

A. D. Rakić, A. B. Djurišić, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2332-2337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. B.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. E.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Changc, S. H.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, Alain

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devauxa, E.

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Djurišic, A. B.

Drachev, Vladimir P.

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elazar, J. M.

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felidj, N.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

García-vidal, F. J.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

González, M. U.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hagness, S. C.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, 2nd. ed. (Artech House, 2000).

Hiller, J. M.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jo Davisson, V.

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, Nanophotonics With Surface Plasmon, 1st. ed. (Elsevier, 2007).

Khaliullin, Eldar N.

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Hyesog

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Zhaowei

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Majewski, M. L.

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pasteur, L.

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pearon, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rakic, A. D.

Rodier, J. C.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rydh, A.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salerno, M.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, Nanophotonics With Surface Plasmon, 1st. ed. (Elsevier, 2007).

Shalaev, Vladimir M.

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Cheng

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, 2nd. ed. (Artech House, 2000).

Tejeira, F. L.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thoreson, Mark D.

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welpb, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Yi

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Xiang

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: estimation of waveguide loss,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404-406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Devauxa, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Pasteur, J. C. Weeber, and Alain Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via micro-gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4396-4398 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welpb, S. H. Changc, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

Vladimir P. Drachev, Mark D. Thoreson, Eldar N. Khaliullin, V. Jo Davisson, and Vladimir M. Shalaev, “Surface-enhanced Raman difference between human insulin and insulin lispro detected with adaptive nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18046-18052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearon, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

F. L. Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit coupler for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 324-328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhaowei Liu, Hyesog Lee, Yi Xiong, Cheng Sun, and Xiang Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, 2nd. ed. (Artech House, 2000).

V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, Nanophotonics With Surface Plasmon, 1st. ed. (Elsevier, 2007).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration map of device structures. (a) Light-SPP coupler of single-slit (SSC). (b) Light-SPP coupler with Bragg grating at output surface (BSSC). (c) Single-slit light-SPP coupler with input surface modulation and Bragg grating (SMBSSC). (d) Double-slit light-SPP coupler with Bragg grating and input surface modulation (SMBDSC).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplitude distribution of | E z | of different device structures. (a) Light-SPP coupler of single slit. (b) Light-SPP coupler with Bragg grating on the output surface. (c) Single-slit light-SPP coupler with input surface modulation and Bragg grating. (d) Double-slit light-SPP coupler with Bragg grating and input surface modulation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

| E z | 2 intensity along the white line in Fig. 2 with the abbreviations SSC, BSSC, SMBSSC, and SMBDSC corresponding to the structures in Fig. 1a, Fig. 1b, Fig. 1c, and Fig. 1d, respectively. X × J

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplitude distribution of | E z | of different devices with increasing slit number ( N ) , (a) for two slits ( N = 2 ) , (b) for three slits ( N = 3 ) , (c) for four slits ( N = 4 ) .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Coupling Efficiency of Various Devices in Terms of the Fraction of Incident Beam Power That Can Be Launched into SPPs

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