Abstract

It is well known that a stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) wave undergoes deformation of its temporal waveform when the pulse is reflected from the SBS medium. A prepulse injection method is a promising technique that is used to preserve temporal pulse shape of a SBS wave by injecting the prepulse before the main pulse enters the SBS interaction region. In earlier research, it was reported that with a prepulse energy of 5mJ and a delay time of 5ns, the pulse shape is perfectly preserved. In this research, the prepulse energy required for waveform preservation according to the delay time was investigated experimentally, and the results are explained using a simple theoretical model.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A.Brignon and J.P.Huignard eds. Phase Conjugate Laser Optics (Wiley, 2004).
  4. Y. R. Shen, Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, and K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739-3744 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

H. J. Kong, D. H. Beak, D. W. Lee, and S. K. Lee, “Waveform preservation of the backscattered stimulated Brillouin scattering wave by using a prepulse injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3401-3403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, and K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739-3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Babin, V.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications (IOP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Beak, D. H.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, D. H. Beak, D. W. Lee, and S. K. Lee, “Waveform preservation of the backscattered stimulated Brillouin scattering wave by using a prepulse injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3401-3403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byun, J. O.

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications (IOP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Dane, C. B.

Fujita, H.

Guo, H.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, L. A.

Hon, D. T.

Kim, H.

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kmetik, V.

Kong, H. J.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, D. H. Beak, D. W. Lee, and S. K. Lee, “Waveform preservation of the backscattered stimulated Brillouin scattering wave by using a prepulse injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3401-3403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. W.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, D. H. Beak, D. W. Lee, and S. K. Lee, “Waveform preservation of the backscattered stimulated Brillouin scattering wave by using a prepulse injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3401-3403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. K.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, D. H. Beak, D. W. Lee, and S. K. Lee, “Waveform preservation of the backscattered stimulated Brillouin scattering wave by using a prepulse injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3401-3403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mocofanescu, A.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications (IOP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, and K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids for a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739-3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neuman, W. A.

Park, H. S.

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 2003).

Shin, J. S.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shin, Y. S.

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vlad, V. I.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications (IOP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, T.

Yoon, J. W.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Yoshida, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, D. W. Lee, and H. Guo, “Phase control of a stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirror by a self-generated density modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lee, H. J. Kong, and M. Nakatsuka, “Great improvement of phase controlling of the entirely independent stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by balancing the pump energies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, J. S. Shin, and D. H. Beak, “Long-term stabilized two-beam combination laser amplifier with stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Highly repetitive high energy/power beam combination Laser: IFE laser driver using independent phase control of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors and pre-pulse technique,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 107-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

H. J. Kong, J. Y. Lee, Y. S. Shin, J. O. Byun, H. S. Park, and H. Kim, “Beam recombination characteristics in array laser amplification using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Rev. 4, 277-283 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications (IOP, 2003).
[CrossRef]

A.Brignon and J.P.Huignard eds. Phase Conjugate Laser Optics (Wiley, 2004).

Y. R. Shen, Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 2003).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the prepulse injection method: HPs, half-wave plates; PBSs, polarizing beam splitters; ISO, optical isolator; FRs, Faraday rotators; QP, quarter-wave plate; M, mirror; L, focusing lens; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflected waveforms when t d = 3 ns : (a) E pre = 0 mJ , (b) E pre = 6 mJ , (c) E pre = 8 mJ , and (f) E pre 10 mJ .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflected waveforms when t d = 8 ns : (a) E pre = 0 mJ , (b) E pre = 2 mJ , (c) E pre = 2.5 mJ , and (d) E pre 3 mJ .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflected waveforms when t d = 15 ns : (a) E pre = 0 mJ , (b) E pre = 1.5 mJ , (c) E pre = 1.8 mJ , and (d) E pre 2 mJ .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflected waveforms when t d = 17 ns : (a) E pre = 2 mJ , (b) E pre = 2.5 mJ , (c) E pre = 3 mJ , and (d) E pre 4 mJ .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Required prepulse energy versus the delay time [the experimental results (filled dots) and the simulation results (blank dots)].

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Prepulse energy required for obtaining E c for the cases of (a) a short delay time and (b) a long delay time.

Equations (6)

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E g ( t ) = 0 t P ( t ) exp [ ( t t ) τ ] d t ,
P ( t ) = E W ( t ) ,
E c = 0 t M E th W ( t ) exp [ ( t M t ) τ ] d t ,
E c 0 t d E pre W ( t ) exp [ ( t d t ) τ ] d t .
E pre E c [ 0 t d W ( t ) exp [ ( t d t ) τ ] d t ] 1 ,
W ( t ) = 4 a 3 π t 2 exp [ ( t a ) 2 ] , ( a = 8 ) ,

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