Abstract

We investigate active, electrically pumped coupled-resonator optical waveguides (CROWs) in the form of InPInGaAsP Fabry–Perot resonator arrays. We discuss the fabrication of these devices and present measurements of the transmission spectra. The signal-to-noise ratio is found to be a strong function of wavelength and degraded rapidly along the resonator chain away from the input. Our results highlight a number of ingredients toward practical implementations loss-compensated and amplifying CROWs.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. K. S. Poon and A. Yariv, "Active coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Gain enhancement and noise," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2378-2388 (2007).
  2. J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.
  3. K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).
  8. T. Mukai and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in an AlGaAs semiconductor-laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 564-575 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, "Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 90-103 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. D. Botez and D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. G. Winful, S. Allen, and L. Rahman, "Validity of the coupled-oscillator model for laser-array dynamics," Opt. Lett. 18, 1810-1812 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  13. L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  15. B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. K. S. Poon and A. Yariv, "Active coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Gain enhancement and noise," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2378-2388 (2007).

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).

1996 (1)

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
[Crossref]

D. Botez and D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

1985 (2)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. Mukai and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in an AlGaAs semiconductor-laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 564-575 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
[Crossref]

Allen, S.

Bachmann, M.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bauer, B.

B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
[Crossref]

Binsma, J. J. M.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Botez, D.

D. Botez and D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[Crossref]

Canavello, B. J.

M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
[Crossref]

Chak, P.

J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.

Choi, J. M.

J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.

Chow, W. W.

W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).

Corvini, P. J.

K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
[Crossref]

Dongen, T.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Doussiere, P.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Emery, J. Y.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Furuya, K.

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

Goldstein, L.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hadley, G. R.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[Crossref]

Hatzakis, M.

M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
[Crossref]

Henry, F.

B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hohimer, J. P.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Inamura, E.

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Jansen, E. J.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jourdan, A.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Koch, K. L.

K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
[Crossref]

Koch, S. W.

W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).

Kurihara, K.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Mookherjea, S.

Mukai, T.

T. Mukai and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in an AlGaAs semiconductor-laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 564-575 (1982).
[Crossref]

Nagase, M.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Namatsu, H.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

NGo, R.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Owyoung, A.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[Crossref]

Paloczi, G. T.

Pommereau, F.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Poon, J. K. S.

J. K. S. Poon and A. Yariv, "Active coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Gain enhancement and noise," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2378-2388 (2007).

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, "Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 90-103 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.

Rahman, L.

Sargent, M.

W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).

Scheuer, J.

Schimpe, R.

B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
[Crossref]

Scifres, D. R.

D. Botez and D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[Crossref]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

Shaw, J. M.

M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Soulage, G.

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, Y.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Takasugi, T.

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Tamura, S.

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Taylor, H. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

Thijs, P. J. A.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tiemeijer, L. F.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tsang, W. T.

K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
[Crossref]

Vanhelleputte, H. R. J. R.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

Winful, H. G.

Yamaguchi, T.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Mukai and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in an AlGaAs semiconductor-laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 564-575 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, K.

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

J. K. S. Poon and A. Yariv, "Active coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Gain enhancement and noise," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2378-2388 (2007).

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. T. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, "Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 90-103 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Bachmann, P. Doussiere, J. Y. Emery, R. NGo, F. Pommereau, L. Goldstein, G. Soulage, and A. Jourdan, "Polarisation-insensitive clamped-gain SOA with integrated spot-size convertor and DBR gratings for WDM applications at 1.55μm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 32, 2076-2078 (1996).
[Crossref]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

M. Hatzakis, B. J. Canavello, and J. M. Shaw, "Single-step optical lift-off process," IBM J. Res. Dev. 24, 452-460 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mukai and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in an AlGaAs semiconductor-laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 564-575 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Bauer, F. Henry, and R. Schimpe, "Gain stabilization of a semiconductor optical amplifier by distributed feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 182-185 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. J. A. Thijs, T. Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, and H. R. J. R. Vanhelleputte, "Reduced intermodulation distortion in 1300nm gain-clamped MQW laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 284-286 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, and W. T. Tsang, "Anisotropically etched deep gratings for InP/InGaAsP optical devices," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 3461-3463 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

H. Namatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamazaki, T. Yamaguchi, M. Nagase, and K. Kurihara, "Three-dimensional siloxane resist for the formation of nanopatterns with minimum linewidth fluctuations," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 69-76 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

E. Inamura, Y. Miyamoto, S. Tamura, T. Takasugi, and K. Furuya, "Wet chemical etching for ultrafine periodic structure: rectangular InP corrugations of 70nm pitch and 100nm pitch depth," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 28, 2193-2196 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

D. Botez and D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[Crossref]

W. W. Chow, S. W. Koch, and M. Sargent III, Semiconductor-Laser Physics (Springer, 1997).

J. K. S. Poon and A. Yariv, "Active coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Gain enhancement and noise," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2378-2388 (2007).

J. K. S. Poon, P. Chak, J. M. Choi, and A. Yariv, "Slowing light with Fabry-Perot resonator arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, submitted for publication.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the Fabry–Perot resonator array CROW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the wafer structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Summary of the fabrication process.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scanning electron micrographs of (a) the top view of the FOx overlay that backfilled the trenches and (b) the cross section of a completed device.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of the experimental setup. SPA is the semiconductor parameter analyzer and OSA is the optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Subthreshold near-field image; (b) a typical optical power versus injection current curve.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Theoretically calculated transmission spectra for (a) κ l = 1.1 × 10 3 μ m 1 and (b) κ l = 0.9 × 10 3 μ m 1 , and the measured transmission spectra, less the spontaneous emission background, at a current amplitude of 280 mA for an array with inter-resonator spacings of (c) 800 nm and (d) 900 nm .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Top row: theoretical (a) transmission and (b) group delay, as well as (c)–(e) experimentally measured transmission spectra at various resonators and injection current amplitudes for an array with an inter-resonator spacing of 800 nm . Bottom row (f)–(j) the same for an array with an inter-resonator spacing of 900 nm .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

SNR opt as a function of wavelength and resonator position of an array with a transmission spectrum shown in Fig. 8d.

Equations (1)

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SNR opt = Output Power with the Input Output Power without the Input 1 ,

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