Abstract

Sum-frequency generation using spectrally asymmetric type II phase matching enables significant simplifications in spectral shearing interferometry as applied for ultrashort optical pulse measurements. We present analytical and numerical models of broadband sum-frequency wave mixing essential to understand the underlying effects. We discuss spectral and temporal limits of the method together with various aspects of experimental implementation: optimization of the retrieval algorithm, calibration procedures, and extension to different spectral regions of particular interest with other crystals.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001).
  4. D. T. Reid and I. G. Cormack, "Single-shot sonogram: a real-time chirp monitor for ultrafast oscillators," Opt. Lett. 27, 658-660 (2002).
  5. A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, S. P. Gorza, and P. Wasylczyk, "Compact spectral shearing interferometer for ultrashort pulse characterization," Opt. Lett. 32, 181-183 (2007).
  6. A. S. Radunsky, E. M. Kosik, I. A. Walmsley, P. Wasylczyk, W. Wasilewski, A. B. U'Ren, and M. E. Anderson, "Simplified spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction by using a thick nonlinear crystal," Opt. Lett. 31, 1008-1010 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Monmayrant, S.-P. Gorza, P. Wasylczyk, and I. Walmsley, "Beyond the fringe: SPIDER--the anatomy of ultrashort laser pulses," Photon. Int.44 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. E. M. Kosik, A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, and C. Dorrer, "Interferometric technique for measuring broadband ultrashort pulses at the sampling limit," Opt. Lett. 30, 326-328 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. W. P. Grice, A. B. U'Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, "Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states," Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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  18. C. Dorrer and I. A. Walmsley, "Accuracy criterion for ultrashort pulse characterization techniques: application to spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1019-1029 (2002).
  19. I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323-2327 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. E. Anderson, L. E. E. de Araujo, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "The effect of noise on ultrashort-optical-pulse measurement using SPIDER," Appl. Phys. B 70, S85-S93 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. V. G. Dimitrev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1997).
  22. C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses," Opt. Lett. 19, 737-739 (1994).
  23. M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, "Sensitivity improvement of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction for the characterization of low-intensity femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, S225-S229 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 210-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang and A. M. Weiner, "A femtosecond waveform transfer technique using type II second harmonic generation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 937-945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323-2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, "Sensitivity improvement of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction for the characterization of low-intensity femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, S225-S229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid and I. G. Cormack, "Single-shot sonogram: a real-time chirp monitor for ultrafast oscillators," Opt. Lett. 27, 658-660 (2002).

C. Dorrer and I. A. Walmsley, "Accuracy criterion for ultrashort pulse characterization techniques: application to spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1019-1029 (2002).

2001 (2)

P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001).

W. P. Grice, A. B. U'Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, "Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states," Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, "A poor man's FROG," Opt. Commun. 186, 329-333 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Anderson, L. E. E. de Araujo, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "The effect of noise on ultrashort-optical-pulse measurement using SPIDER," Appl. Phys. B 70, S85-S93 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, "Implementation of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction with a simultaneously recorded reference interferogram," Opt. Lett. 24, 1532-1534 (1999).

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, "Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580-589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. E. Anderson, L. E. E. de Araujo, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, "The effect of noise on ultrashort-optical-pulse measurement using SPIDER," Appl. Phys. B 70, S85-S93 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, "Sensitivity improvement of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction for the characterization of low-intensity femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, S225-S229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. Wang and A. M. Weiner, "A femtosecond waveform transfer technique using type II second harmonic generation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 937-945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, "Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580-589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, "A poor man's FROG," Opt. Commun. 186, 329-333 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses," Opt. Lett. 19, 737-739 (1994).

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 210-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Kosik, A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, and C. Dorrer, "Interferometric technique for measuring broadband ultrashort pulses at the sampling limit," Opt. Lett. 30, 326-328 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Radunsky, E. M. Kosik, I. A. Walmsley, P. Wasylczyk, W. Wasilewski, A. B. U'Ren, and M. E. Anderson, "Simplified spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction by using a thick nonlinear crystal," Opt. Lett. 31, 1008-1010 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, "Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 31, 1914-1916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, S. P. Gorza, and P. Wasylczyk, "Compact spectral shearing interferometer for ultrashort pulse characterization," Opt. Lett. 32, 181-183 (2007).

C. Dorrer, "Implementation of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction with a simultaneously recorded reference interferogram," Opt. Lett. 24, 1532-1534 (1999).

P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001).

D. T. Reid and I. G. Cormack, "Single-shot sonogram: a real-time chirp monitor for ultrafast oscillators," Opt. Lett. 27, 658-660 (2002).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. P. Grice, A. B. U'Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, "Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states," Phys. Rev. A 64, 063815 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323-2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

V. G. Dimitrev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

A. Monmayrant, S.-P. Gorza, P. Wasylczyk, and I. Walmsley, "Beyond the fringe: SPIDER--the anatomy of ultrashort laser pulses," Photon. Int.44 (2007).

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