Abstract

Different architectures of rf spectral analyzers based on the spectral photography scheme in spectral-hole-burning materials are theoretically and experimentally investigated. The microscopic atomic response for the recording and reading of the rf spectra and taking into account the spatial extension of the beams is calculated for different analyzer configurations. The spectral resolution and the signal-to-noise ratio of the analyzer are derived. These predictions are experimentally tested using spectral-hole burning in Tm3+:YAG for a couple of configurations and sizes of the beams. In each case, the resolution, linear dynamic range, and bandwidth of the spectrum analyzer are determined.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
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  3. J. B. Hagen and D. T. Farley, "Digital-correlation techniques in radio science," Radio Sci. 8, 775-784 (1973).
  4. Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, S. Tonda, D. Dolfi, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband versatile radio-frequency spectrum analyzer," Opt. Lett. 28, 384-386 (2003).
  6. V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).
  9. M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).
  10. G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis," Opt. Lett. 30, 3003-3005 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. McFarlane, Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions (Elsevier, 1987).
  13. L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Diode laser extended cavity for broad-range fast ramping," Opt. Lett. 25, 1246-1248 (2000).
  14. L. Levin, "Mode-hop-free electro-optically tuned diode laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 237-239 (2002).
  15. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).
  16. A. J. Meixner, A. Renn, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole-burning and holography. I. Transmission and holographic detection of spectral holes," Bell J. Chem. Phys. 91, 6728-6736 (1989).
  17. T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).
  19. Y. Sun, G. M. Wang, and R. L. Cone, "Symmetry considerations regarding light propagation and light polarization for coherent interactions with ions in crystal," Phys. Rev. B 62, 15443-15451 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).
  21. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford U. Press, 1997).
  22. G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

2005 (4)

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis," Opt. Lett. 30, 3003-3005 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. M. Wang, and R. L. Cone, "Symmetry considerations regarding light propagation and light polarization for coherent interactions with ions in crystal," Phys. Rev. B 62, 15443-15451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Levin, "Mode-hop-free electro-optically tuned diode laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 237-239 (2002).

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. J. Meixner, A. Renn, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole-burning and holography. I. Transmission and holographic detection of spectral holes," Bell J. Chem. Phys. 91, 6728-6736 (1989).

1973 (1)

J. B. Hagen and D. T. Farley, "Digital-correlation techniques in radio science," Radio Sci. 8, 775-784 (1973).

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Babbitt, W. R.

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis," Opt. Lett. 30, 3003-3005 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

Barber, Z.

R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

Bretenaker, F.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Broggs, B.

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

Cabaret, L.

Chang, T.

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Colice, M.

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis," Opt. Lett. 30, 3003-3005 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

Cone, R. L.

Y. Sun, G. M. Wang, and R. L. Cone, "Symmetry considerations regarding light propagation and light polarization for coherent interactions with ions in crystal," Phys. Rev. B 62, 15443-15451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Crozatier, V.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Seze, F.

V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Equall, R. W.

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Farley, D. T.

J. B. Hagen and D. T. Farley, "Digital-correlation techniques in radio science," Radio Sci. 8, 775-784 (1973).

Gorju, G.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

Greiner, C.

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

Hagen, J. B.

J. B. Hagen and D. T. Farley, "Digital-correlation techniques in radio science," Radio Sci. 8, 775-784 (1973).

Harris, T. L.

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Horn, J.

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheson, R. L.

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaplyanskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. McFarlane, Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions (Elsevier, 1987).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Kunz, C.

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lavielle, V.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, S. Tonda, D. Dolfi, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband versatile radio-frequency spectrum analyzer," Opt. Lett. 28, 384-386 (2003).

Le Gouët, J.-L.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, S. Tonda, D. Dolfi, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband versatile radio-frequency spectrum analyzer," Opt. Lett. 28, 384-386 (2003).

L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Diode laser extended cavity for broad-range fast ramping," Opt. Lett. 25, 1246-1248 (2000).

Levin, L.

Loftus, T.

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

Lorgere, I.

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

Lorgeré, I.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "Experimental investigation of deterministic and stochastic frequency noises of a rapidly frequency chirped laser," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175-183 (2005).

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, F. De Seze, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband radio frequency spectrum analyzer: improved design and experimental results," J. Lumin. 107, 75-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, S. Tonda, D. Dolfi, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Wideband versatile radio-frequency spectrum analyzer," Opt. Lett. 28, 384-386 (2003).

L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Diode laser extended cavity for broad-range fast ramping," Opt. Lett. 25, 1246-1248 (2000).

McFarlane, R. M.

A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. McFarlane, Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions (Elsevier, 1987).

Meixner, A. J.

A. J. Meixner, A. Renn, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole-burning and holography. I. Transmission and holographic detection of spectral holes," Bell J. Chem. Phys. 91, 6728-6736 (1989).

Ménager, L.

Merkel, K. D.

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, K. K.

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, R. K.

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

Mossberg, T. W.

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

Reibel, R.

R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

Renn, A.

A. J. Meixner, A. Renn, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole-burning and holography. I. Transmission and holographic detection of spectral holes," Bell J. Chem. Phys. 91, 6728-6736 (1989).

Renner, C.

Schieder, R.

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schlottau, F.

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis," Opt. Lett. 30, 3003-3005 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

Schmülling, F.

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siebertz, O.

J. Horn, O. Siebertz, F. Schmülling, C. Kunz, R. Schieder, and G. Winnewisser, "A 4×1GHz array acousto-optical spectrometer," Exp. Astron. 9, 17-38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, G. M. Wang, and R. L. Cone, "Symmetry considerations regarding light propagation and light polarization for coherent interactions with ions in crystal," Phys. Rev. B 62, 15443-15451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, C. W.

Y. Sun, C. W. Thiel, R. L. Cone, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, "Recent progress in developing new rare earth materials for hole burning and coherent transient applications," J. Lumin. 98, 281-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

T. Chang, M. Tian, K. K. Mohan, C. Renner, K. D. Merkel, and W. R. Babbitt, "Recovery of spectral features readout with frequency-chirped laser fields," Opt. Lett. 30, 1129-1131 (2005).

T. Chang, K. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, W. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, "Frequency-chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features," Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

Tonda, S.

Wagner, K.

M. Colice, F. Schlottau, K. Wagner, R. K. Mohan, W. R. Babbitt, I. Lorgere, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "RF spectrum analysis in spectral hole burning media," Proc. SPIE 5557, 132-139 (2004).

Wagner, K. H.

Wang, G. M.

Y. Sun, G. M. Wang, and R. L. Cone, "Symmetry considerations regarding light propagation and light polarization for coherent interactions with ions in crystal," Phys. Rev. B 62, 15443-15451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

C. Greiner, B. Broggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, "Polarization-dependent Rabi frequency beats in the coherent reponse of Tm3+ in YAG," Phys. Rev. A 60, 2657-2660 (1999).

Wild, U. P.

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[CrossRef]

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V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, F. Bretenaker, J.-L. Le Gouët, and I. Lorgeré, "High resolution radio frequency spectral analysis with phoon echoes chirp transform in an Er:YSO crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1450-1457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, "10GHz bandwidth RF spectral analyser with MHz resolution based on spectral hole burning in Tm3+ YAG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385-2387 (2005).
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R. Reibel, Z. Barber, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, "High bandwidth spectral gratings programmed with linear frequency chirps," J. Lumin. 98, 355-365 (2002).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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