Abstract

We show theoretically that the absolute frequency stability of a solid-state millimeter-scale whispering gallery mode resonator can reach one part per 1014 per 1 s integration time if proper crystalline material as well as proper stabilization technique is selected. Both the fluctuations of the resonator temperature and the fluctuations of the temperature in the mode volume can be measured with the sensitivity better than the fundamental thermodynamic limit and actively compensated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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