Abstract

We demonstrate the intensity enhancement of a single high-order harmonic (27th harmonic) at 29.44nm by using lowly charged tellurium ions in a laser-ablation plume. The enhancement of a single harmonic is due to multiphoton resonance with a TeII transition having strong oscillator strength. By tuning the wavelength of the pump laser, we found that the enhancement factor depends on the difference between the wavelength of the enhanced harmonic and that of the strong radiative transition. For tellurium, we show that intense single harmonic generation can be generated when the wavelength of the 27th harmonic is closer to the wavelength of the strong transition.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, "Enhancement of many high-order harmonics via a single multiphoton resonance," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Strong resonance enhancement of a single harmonic generated in the extreme ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 31, 1699-1701 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Anomalous enhancement of a single high-order harmonic by using a laser-ablation tin plume at 47nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3306-3308 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Intense exact resonance enhancement of single-high-harmonic from an antimony ion by using Ti:sapphire laser at 37nm," Opt. Express 15, 1161-1166 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, "Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in weakly excited laser plasmas," Opt. Lett. 32, 65-67 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Duffy and P. Dunne, "The phtoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma," J. Phys. B 34, L173-L178 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Suzuki, L. B. Elouga Bom, T. Ozaki, R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, "Seventy-first harmonic generation from doubly charged ions in preformed laser-ablation vanadium plume at 110eV," Opt. Express 15, 4112-4117 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (5)

2005 (2)

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, "Enhancement of many high-order harmonics via a single multiphoton resonance," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy and P. Dunne, "The phtoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma," J. Phys. B 34, L173-L178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anscombe, M. P.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, Ph.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arora, V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

Backus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chakera, J. A.

Chakravarty, U.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, D. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costello, J. T.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D'Arcy, R.

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Bohan, A.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Descamps, D.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, G.

G. Duffy and P. Dunne, "The phtoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma," J. Phys. B 34, L173-L178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dunne, P.

G. Duffy and P. Dunne, "The phtoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma," J. Phys. B 34, L173-L178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elouga Bom, L. B.

Feit, M. D.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, "Enhancement of many high-order harmonics via a single multiphoton resonance," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, "Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in weakly excited laser plasmas," Opt. Lett. 32, 65-67 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Intense exact resonance enhancement of single-high-harmonic from an antimony ion by using Ti:sapphire laser at 37nm," Opt. Express 15, 1161-1166 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Suzuki, L. B. Elouga Bom, T. Ozaki, R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, "Seventy-first harmonic generation from doubly charged ions in preformed laser-ablation vanadium plume at 110eV," Opt. Express 15, 4112-4117 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Anomalous enhancement of a single high-order harmonic by using a laser-ablation tin plume at 47nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3306-3308 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Strong resonance enhancement of a single harmonic generated in the extreme ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 31, 1699-1701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P. D.

Hauri, C. P.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itatani, J.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, A.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, E. T.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khan, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. M.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kopold, R.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kulagin, I. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

Larsen, J. T.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L'Huillier, A.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maquet, A.

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mauritsson, J.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McGuinness, C.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mosnier, J. P.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Muephy, N.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naik, P. A.

Nam, C. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norin, J.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O'Sullivan, G.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Park, J. Y.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Raghuramaiah, M.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Redkin, P. V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single-harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2535-2540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rost, J. M.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, M.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, "Enhancement of many high-order harmonics via a single multiphoton resonance," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Singhal, H.

Suzuki, M.

Taïeb, R.

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E. S.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Kampen, P.

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Véniard, V.

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wahlström, C.-G.

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wassaf, J.

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weinmann, B.

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, and J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson and C.-G. Wahlström, "Applications of high-order harmonics," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (6)

A. Heinrich, W. Kornelis, M. P. Anscombe, C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Enhanced VUV-assisted high harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 39, S275-S281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A. de Bohan, and H. G. Muller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843-5852 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Muephy, J. T. Costello, E. T. Kennedy, C. McGuinness, J. P. Mosnier, B. Weinmann, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of tellurium and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 3905-3922 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy and P. Dunne, "The phtoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma," J. Phys. B 34, L173-L178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Duffy, P. van Kampen, and P. Dunne, "4d-->5p transitions in the extreme ultraviolet photoabsorption spectra of SnII and SnIII," J. Phys. B 34, 3171-3178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. D'Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinness, and G. O'Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4589-4876 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, "Enhancement of many high-order harmonics via a single multiphoton resonance," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, "Resonant enhancements of high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Taïeb, V. Véniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, "Roles of resonances and recollisions in strong-field atomic phenomena. II. High-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, "Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422-1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The prepulse was focused on the target surface and, after 88 ns , the femtosecond laser pulse was focused onto the laser-ablation plume. The generated harmonics were measured by using the grazing incidence spectrometer with the MCP and CCD camera.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

HHG spectra from the tellurium laser-ablation plumes were obtained at the wavelength of (a) 20–45 and (b) 13 20 nm . A strong 27th harmonic at the wavelength of 29.44 nm was obtained. The spectra (a) and (b) were accumulated using 10 and 100 shots , respectively. Highest harmonic order obtained in these studies from the tellurium plume was the 51st one ( λ = 15.59 nm ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

HHG spectra from tellurium laser-ablation plume for pump laser with a central wavelength of 795 and 788 nm . The black and gray curves are the pumping laser wavelength of 795 and 788 nm , respectively. The enhancement of 27th harmonic radiation decreased compared with the neighboring harmonics as the central wavelength of laser radiation became shorter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Enhancement factor of the harmonic as a function of the Δ λ λ ( Δ λ , wavelength between the harmonic and the strong radiative transition, λ, wavelength of the strong radiative transition). Black solid circles are tellurium, the gray solid squares are tin, the black solid squares are indium, and the black solid triangles are antimony, respectively. As the wavelength of the enhanced harmonic was away from the wavelength of the strong oscillator strength transition, the enhancement factor decreased.

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