Abstract

Continuous-wave photorefractive experiments in Sn2P2S6 crystals and interband photorefraction at the visible wavelengths of 514 and 488nm are presented. Two-wave mixing and Bragg diffraction measurements at 514nm show grating response times of around 100μs at moderate light intensities of 0.6Wcm2, i.e., 2 orders of magnitude faster than measured in the same crystal in the conventional photorefractive regime. A large two-wave mixing gain of up to Γ=60±8cm1 is measured, and holes are identified as dominant charge carriers for the interband photorefractive effect.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Dittrich, B. Koziarska-Glinka, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and Y. Furukawa, "Deep-ultraviolet interband photorefraction in lithium tantalate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 632-639 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Bernasconi, G. Montemezzani, M. Wintermantel, L. Biaggio, and P. Günter, "High-resolution, high-speed photorefractive incoherent-to-coherent optical converter," Opt. Lett. 24, 199-201 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Günter, "Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24, 1508-1510 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Tunable optical filter for wave length division multiplexing using dynamic interband photorefractive gratings," Opt. Commun. 214, 363-370 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, A. A. Grabar, and I. M. Stoyka, "Photorefraction in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2352-2360 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).
  16. R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapour growth and crystal data of the thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2S6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6 at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. A. Grabar, "Directional light scattering by domain walls in Sn2P2S6 uniaxial ferroelectrics," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10, 2339-2346 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).
  21. G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects in KNbO3 induced by ultraviolet illumination," Opt. Lett. 18, 1144-1146 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

P. Dittrich, B. Koziarska-Glinka, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and Y. Furukawa, "Deep-ultraviolet interband photorefraction in lithium tantalate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 632-639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

2003 (2)

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Tunable optical filter for wave length division multiplexing using dynamic interband photorefractive gratings," Opt. Commun. 214, 363-370 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

A. A. Grabar, "Directional light scattering by domain walls in Sn2P2S6 uniaxial ferroelectrics," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10, 2339-2346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1974 (1)

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapour growth and crystal data of the thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2S6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Agullo-Lopez, F.

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bach, T.

Bernasconi, P.

Biaggio, L.

Caimi, G.

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carpentier, C. D.

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapour growth and crystal data of the thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2S6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Carrascosa, M.

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dittrich, P.

Furukawa, Y.

Grabar, A. A.

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, "Directional light scattering by domain walls in Sn2P2S6 uniaxial ferroelectrics," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10, 2339-2346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Odoulov, A. N. Shumelyuk, U. Hellwig, R. A. Rupp, A. A. Grabar, and I. M. Stoyka, "Photorefraction in tin hypothiodiphosphate in the near infrared," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2352-2360 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guarino, A.

Günter, P.

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6 at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dittrich, B. Koziarska-Glinka, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and Y. Furukawa, "Deep-ultraviolet interband photorefraction in lithium tantalate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 632-639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Tunable optical filter for wave length division multiplexing using dynamic interband photorefractive gratings," Opt. Commun. 214, 363-370 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Günter, "Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24, 1508-1510 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernasconi, G. Montemezzani, M. Wintermantel, L. Biaggio, and P. Günter, "High-resolution, high-speed photorefractive incoherent-to-coherent optical converter," Opt. Lett. 24, 199-201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects in KNbO3 induced by ultraviolet illumination," Opt. Lett. 18, 1144-1146 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gurzan, M. I.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haertle, D.

Haertle., D.

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

Hajfler, J.

Haldi, A.

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, U.

Jazbinsek, M.

Kedyk, I. V.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Koziarska-Glinka, B.

Kratizig, E.

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Molnar, A. A.

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6 at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dittrich, B. Koziarska-Glinka, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and Y. Furukawa, "Deep-ultraviolet interband photorefraction in lithium tantalate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 632-639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Tunable optical filter for wave length division multiplexing using dynamic interband photorefractive gratings," Opt. Commun. 214, 363-370 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernasconi, G. Montemezzani, M. Wintermantel, L. Biaggio, and P. Günter, "High-resolution, high-speed photorefractive incoherent-to-coherent optical converter," Opt. Lett. 24, 199-201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Günter, "Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24, 1508-1510 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects in KNbO3 induced by ultraviolet illumination," Opt. Lett. 18, 1144-1146 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mosimann, R.

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nitsche, R.

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapour growth and crystal data of the thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2S6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S.

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S. G.

Rogin, P.

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects in KNbO3 induced by ultraviolet illumination," Opt. Lett. 18, 1144-1146 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rupp, R. A.

Ryf, R.

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A.

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A. N.

Stoika, I. M.

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stoyka, I. M.

Takekawa, S.

Vysochanskii, Y. M.

T. Bach, M. Jazbinsek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Fast near-infrared self-pumped phase conjugation with photorefractive Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1241-1246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "High-frame-rate joint Fourier-transform correlator based on Sn2P2S6 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 1666-1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wintermantel, M.

Zgonik, M.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects in KNbO3 induced by ultraviolet illumination," Opt. Lett. 18, 1144-1146 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, D. Kip, and E. Kratizig, "Electric-field enhancement of beam coupling in Sn2P2S6," Appl. Phys. B 72, 707-710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Mosimann, D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Determination of the absorption constant in the interband region by photocurrent measurements," Appl. Phys. B 83, 115-119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Carrascosa, F. Agullo-Lopez, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Photorefractive gratings generated by band-gap excitation: application to KNbO3," Appl. Phys. B 72, 697-700 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

A. A. Grabar, "Directional light scattering by domain walls in Sn2P2S6 uniaxial ferroelectrics," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10, 2339-2346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

C. D. Carpentier and R. Nitsche, "Vapour growth and crystal data of the thio(seleno)-hypodiphosphates Sn2P2S6, Sn2P2S6, Pb2P2S6, Pb2P2Se6 and their mixed crystals," Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 401-410 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. A. Grabar, I. V. Kedyk, M. I. Gurzan, I. M. Stoika, A. A. Molnar, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Enhanced photorefractive properties of modified Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 188, 187-194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Tunable optical filter for wave length division multiplexing using dynamic interband photorefractive gratings," Opt. Commun. 214, 363-370 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Haertle, G. Caimi, A. Haldi, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Electro-optical properties of Sn2P2S6," Opt. Commun. 215, 333-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Interband photorefractive effects: theory and experiments in KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484-2502 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ukr. J. Phys. (1)

G. Montemezzani, R. Ryf, D. Haertle.P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Continuous-wave interband photorefraction in Sn2P2S6," Ukr. J. Phys. 49, 333-338 (2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration and crystal orientation for longitudinal Bragg diffraction measurements. The grating is written by two recording beams at 514 or 488 nm incident symmetrically with respect to the sample normal at angles ± θ B , w . The readout beam at 633 nm is shown on the right side with respect to the sample normal; we refer to this configuration as readout from the right side, corresponding to positive angles θ B , r . Readout from the left side, corresponding to negative angles θ B , r , means that the readout beam is on the left side with respect to the sample normal, according to the crystal orientation indicated on the scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency η as a function of the readout angle and the wave-vector mismatch Δ k for (a) readout from the left side and (b) readout from the right side (see Fig. 1). All the writing and readout beams were p polarized. The solid curves are given by Eq. (2) using the same parameters for both curves and correspond to a grating thickness d ̃ = 30 μ m , λ w = 514 nm , Δ n = 3.0 × 10 4 , Λ = 0.94 μ m , θ B , r left = 15.0 ° , and θ B , r right = 24.3 ° . The total writing intensity was I w = 460 mW cm 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Orientation of the indicatrix and the x, and z axes as determined from the Bragg diffraction measurements. The z axis is pointing out of the crystal. k 1 , air and k 2 , air are the incident writing wave vectors, k 1 and k 2 are the wave vectors in the crystal, K is the grating vector, and α ind is the rotation angle of the indicatrix.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity dependence of the diffraction efficiency (on a square-root and logarithmic scale). The theoretical line is according to relation (5) with parameters α = 1730 cm 1 (from Ref. [16]), Δ n = 1.2 × 10 4 , I ref = 0.2 mW cm 2 . ( λ = 488 nm , writing beams are s polarized, readout beam is p polarized. Grating spacing Λ = 0.9 μ m .)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Grating buildup dynamics for two different writing intensities at λ = 514 nm . The readout beam intensity was 130 mW cm 2 , grating spacing Λ = 1.0 μ m , and both the readout and writing beams were p polarized. The solid curves are according to Eq. (6) with the buildup times of τ = 125 μ m for 320 mW cm 2 and τ = 80 μ s for 650 mW cm 2 .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured External Bragg Angles θ B , r for the p-Polarized Readout Beam Compared with the Bragg Angles Calculated by Taking into Account the Rotation of the Indicatrix and without Rotation

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin θ B , r = λ r λ w sin θ B , w
η = sin 2 ( ν 2 + ξ 2 ) 1 2 ( 1 + ξ 2 ν 2 ) exp ( α d ) ,
ξ 2 = Δ k r 2 4 d ̃ 2 ,
ν 2 = { π Δ n d ̃ λ r [ cos ( θ i ) cos ( θ d ) ] 1 2 } 2 ,
n π Δ n λ α ln ( I 0 I ref ) ,
η = η 1 [ 1 exp ( t τ ) ] 2 .
Γ = 1 d ̃ ln I w pump I w o pump ,
Γ = 4 π λ cos θ s Δ n ,

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