Abstract

We study sub-Doppler saturation resonances at cesium molecular transitions in the absorption band B1ΠuX1Σg+ near 780 nm by using a commercial diode laser. The saturation power is measured as low as 5.7 mW with the laser beam diameter of 0.1 cm. Optical saturation is associated with the optical pumping of molecular ground-state levels. The long relaxation time of ground-state levels could attract interest to electromagnetically induced transparency and quantum state memory in the molecular gas. We propose to use the molecular transitions as references for doubled-frequency sources in the communication band around 1550 nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. W. Loomis and P. Kusch, "The band spectrum of caesium," Phys. Rev. 46, 292-301 (1934).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Danielli, P. Russian, A. Arie, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of frequency-doubled 1556-nm source to the 5S1/2-->5D5/2 two-photon transitions of rubidium," Opt. Lett. 25, 905-907 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. C. Chui, S. Y. Shaw, M. S. Ko, J. T. Shy, T. Lin, W. Y. Cheng, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Feyer, "Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band," Opt. Lett. 30, 646-648 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of Chemical Elements, R.Gary, ed. (Elsivier, 1963).
  9. J. Ye, S. Swartz, P. Juinger, and J. Hall, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency of the Rb875P3/2 state," Opt. Lett. 21, 1280-1282 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Nakayama, G. W. Series, and W. Gawlik, "Larmor precession in polarization spectroscopy with spatially separated beams," Opt. Commun. 34, 389-392 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Pinard, C. G. Aminoff, and F. Laloë, "Velocity-selective optical pumping and Doppler-free spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. A 19, 2366-2370 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. G. Aminoff, J. Javanainen, and M. Kaivola, "Collision effects in velocity-selective pumping of sodium," Phys. Rev. A 28, 722-737 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Inbar, V. Mahal, and A. Arie, "Frequency stabilization of Nd:YAG lasers to Cs2133 sub-Doppler lines near 1064 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1598-1604 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Chui, S. Y. Shaw, M. S. Ko, J. T. Shy, T. Lin, W. Y. Cheng, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Feyer, "Iodine stabilization of a diode laser in the optical communication band," Opt. Lett. 30, 646-648 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

E. Inbar, V. Mahal, and A. Arie, "Frequency stabilization of Nd:YAG lasers to Cs2133 sub-Doppler lines near 1064 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1598-1604 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

C. G. Aminoff, J. Javanainen, and M. Kaivola, "Collision effects in velocity-selective pumping of sodium," Phys. Rev. A 28, 722-737 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakayama, G. W. Series, and W. Gawlik, "Larmor precession in polarization spectroscopy with spatially separated beams," Opt. Commun. 34, 389-392 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. Pinard, C. G. Aminoff, and F. Laloë, "Velocity-selective optical pumping and Doppler-free spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. A 19, 2366-2370 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1934 (1)

F. W. Loomis and P. Kusch, "The band spectrum of caesium," Phys. Rev. 46, 292-301 (1934).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, E.

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akulshin, A. M.

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aminoff, C. G.

C. G. Aminoff, J. Javanainen, and M. Kaivola, "Collision effects in velocity-selective pumping of sodium," Phys. Rev. A 28, 722-737 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Pinard, C. G. Aminoff, and F. Laloë, "Velocity-selective optical pumping and Doppler-free spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. A 19, 2366-2370 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Andre, A.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arborne, M. A.

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Danielli, P. Russian, A. Arie, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of frequency-doubled 1556-nm source to the 5S1/2-->5D5/2 two-photon transitions of rubidium," Opt. Lett. 25, 905-907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Inbar, V. Mahal, and A. Arie, "Frequency stabilization of Nd:YAG lasers to Cs2133 sub-Doppler lines near 1064 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1598-1604 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Burns, M. M.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, W. Y.

Chou, M. H.

Chui, H. C.

Danielli, A.

Demtröder, W.

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Diemer, U.

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Duchowicz, R.

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ertel, M.

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Danielli, P. Russian, A. Arie, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of frequency-doubled 1556-nm source to the 5S1/2-->5D5/2 two-photon transitions of rubidium," Opt. Lett. 25, 905-907 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ferrario, F.

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feyer, M. M.

Field, R. W.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, A.

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gawlik, W.

S. Nakayama, G. W. Series, and W. Gawlik, "Larmor precession in polarization spectroscopy with spatially separated beams," Opt. Commun. 34, 389-392 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, R.

R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

Happer, W.

R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hinshelwood, D. D.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Inbar, E.

Inguscio, M.

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Javanainen, J.

C. G. Aminoff, J. Javanainen, and M. Kaivola, "Collision effects in velocity-selective pumping of sodium," Phys. Rev. A 28, 722-737 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Juinger, P.

Kaivola, M.

C. G. Aminoff, J. Javanainen, and M. Kaivola, "Collision effects in velocity-selective pumping of sodium," Phys. Rev. A 28, 722-737 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kirova, T.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, M. S.

Kocharovskaya, O.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kusch, P.

F. W. Loomis and P. Kusch, "The band spectrum of caesium," Phys. Rev. 46, 292-301 (1934).
[CrossRef]

Laloë, F.

M. Pinard, C. G. Aminoff, and F. Laloë, "Velocity-selective optical pumping and Doppler-free spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. A 19, 2366-2370 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lazoudis, A.

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T.

Loomis, F. W.

F. W. Loomis and P. Kusch, "The band spectrum of caesium," Phys. Rev. 46, 292-301 (1934).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyyra, A. M.

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magnes, J.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahal, V.

Mair, A.

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehdizadeh, E.

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Murnick, D. E.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, S.

S. Nakayama, G. W. Series, and W. Gawlik, "Larmor precession in polarization spectroscopy with spatially separated beams," Opt. Commun. 34, 389-392 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Narducci, L. M.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nesmeyanov, A. N.

A. N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of Chemical Elements, R.Gary, ed. (Elsivier, 1963).

Pappas, P. G.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, P. C.

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pavone, P. S.

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pillips, D. F.

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, M.

M. Pinard, C. G. Aminoff, and F. Laloë, "Velocity-selective optical pumping and Doppler-free spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. A 19, 2366-2370 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Poulin, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qi, J.

J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, P.

L. Li, P. Qi, A. Lazoudis, E. Ahmed, and A. M. Lyyra, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in two-photon transitions of K239," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 262-267 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roussev, R. V.

Russian, P.

Sautenkov, V. A.

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Series, G. W.

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[CrossRef]

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Shy, J. T.

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J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, C.

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Swartz, S.

Têtu, M.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Touahri, D.

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Wal, C. H.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

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C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. W.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Zibrov, A. S.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zverkov, M. V.

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

U. Diemer, R. Duchowicz, M. Ertel, E. Mehdizadeh, and W. Demtröder, "Doppler-free polarization spectroscopy of the B1Pi_u state of Cs2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 164, 419-426 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Arie, M. A. Arborne, and M. M. Fejer, "Frequency stabilization of a novel 1.5 μm Er-Yr bulk laser to a K39 sub-Doppler line at 770.1 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 505-510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. Gupta, W. Happer, J. Wagner, and E. Wennmyr, "Absorption studies of Cs2 and Rb2 molecular bands in the visible and near visible," J. Chem. Phys. 68, 799-802 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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S. Nakayama, G. W. Series, and W. Gawlik, "Larmor precession in polarization spectroscopy with spatially separated beams," Opt. Commun. 34, 389-392 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, D. Touahri, and M. Têtu, "Frequency stability of an optical frequency standard at 192.6 THz based on a two-photon transition of rubidium atoms," Opt. Commun. 207, 233-242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, V. A. Sautenkov, V. L. Velichansky, A. S. Zibrov, and M. V. Zverkov, "Power broadening of saturation absorption resonance on the D2 line of rubidium," Opt. Commun. 77, 295-298 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, P. C. Pastor, P. S. Pavone, and M. Inguscio, "Diode laser sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Cs2133 around the 1083 nm He4 transitions," Opt. Commun. 117, 78-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Qi, F. C. Spano, T. Kirova, A. Lazoudis, J. Magnes, L. Li, L. M. Narducci, R. W. Field, and A. M. Lyyra, "Measurement of transition dipole moments in lithium dimers using electromagnetically induced transparency." Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Pillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, and R. L. Walsworth, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. W. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of Chemical Elements, R.Gary, ed. (Elsivier, 1963).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. LD, laser diode; Ch, chopper; PD, photodetector; A, lock-in amplifier; C, computer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Saturation resonances at cesium molecular transitions. (a) sub-Doppler resonances observed with overlapped laser beams, (b) saturation resonances observed with separated beams, (c) fit by Lorentzian functions. Difference frequency is measured relative to the Doppler-free resonance at the atomic rubidium transition 5 S 1 2 ( F = 2 ) 5 P 3 2 ( F = 3 ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power broadening of the saturation resonance R3. The experimental data (circles) and the fit are presented.

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