Abstract

The L-band linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser source has been experimentally investigated. The proposed L-band laser cavity exhibits a low threshold power of 23.4mW due to the high efficiency of double-pass amplification in the erbium gain medium and also bidirectional generation of the Brillouin pump in the single-mode fiber. The effects of Brillouin pump power and the wavelength on the threshold pump power are also discussed. Consequently, it has been found that there is a limited range for the Brillouin pump wavelength to achieve a lasing condition in the laser cavity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).
  5. S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "30-channel 10GHz laser comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper CTuG6.
  8. A. E. Siegmen, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  9. D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2002

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abd-Rahman, M. K.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

Adikan, F. R. M.

Ahmad, H.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Cowle, G. J.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "30-channel 10GHz laser comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper CTuG6.

Espindola, R. P.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poopalan, P.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

Siegmen, A. E.

A. E. Siegmen, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Stepanov, D. Y.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "30-channel 10GHz laser comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper CTuG6.

Strasser, T. A.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tamchek, N.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, C.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhancement in L-band EDFA through a double-pass technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 296-297 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, M. K. Abd-Rahman, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Brillouin/erbium-doped fiber laser with multiple wavelength generation in L-band," IEICE Trans. Commun. E85-B, 1386-1388 (2002).

J. Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmad, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "30-channel 10GHz laser comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper CTuG6.

A. E. Siegmen, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of a linear-cavity L-band multiwavelength BEFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of the linear-cavity fiber laser with the BP (thin curve) and without the BP (thick curve) at 24 mW pump power; the BP power is fixed at 3.2 mW .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectrum of the first, second, and third Brillouin Stokes signals for the BP at 1595.5 nm , and its power is fixed at 3.2 mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Threshold power of Stokes signals ( 1480 nm pump power) for different BP powers of 1.3 and 3.2 mW ; its wavelength is set at 1595.5 nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Threshold power of the first-order Stokes signal for different BP wavelengths; its power is set at 1.3 and 3.2 mW .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Threshold power with respect to the BP power for different BP wavelengths, 1590, 1595, and 1600 nm .

Metrics