Abstract

We demonstrate the fabrication of one-dimensional metallodielectric Bragg stacks (MDBSs) from 500nm spin-coated poly(methyl methacrylate) and 20nm evaporated Au layers; one-, two-, and three-bilayer structures are achieved with good homogeneity (<2% thickness variation). The linear reflection and transmission spectra show very strong modulation relative to the constituent materials for only a few bilayers; transmission windows associated with sharp Bragg resonances are observed at 600 and 850nm, while other regions provide reflections of >90%. Nonlinear absorption was measured by a z-scan technique and is observed to be enhanced at the Bragg resonances. The 600nm peak of the three-bilayer MDBS is enhanced by approximately seven times compared to a single Au film. The wavelength dependence of the nonlinear enhancement can be correlated with the attenuation parameter. The experimental results are in good agreement with numerical simulations based on a transfer-matrix method employing the known physical and optical parameters. The MDBSs show strong potential as versatile and inexpensive components for optical devices.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamics in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10203(R)-10206(R) (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 8410-8426 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Suffczynski, "Optical constants of metals," Phys. Rev. 117, 663-671 (1960).
    [CrossRef]

2005

Y. Liu, F. Mahdavi, and S. Blair, "Enhanced fluorescence transduction properties of metallic nanocavity arrays, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 778-784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. P. Velikov, W. L. Vos, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Reflectivity of metallodielectric photonic glasses," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

H. Li and E. Kumacheva, "Coreshell particles with conductive polymer cores," Colloid Polym. Sci. 281, 1-9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 8410-8426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamics in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10203(R)-10206(R) (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, "Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676-1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, "3D wire mesh photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480-2483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of electron-electron and electron-phonon energy relaxation in Ag and Au," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11433-11445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982

D. E. Aspnes, "Optical properties of thin films," Thin Solid Films 89, 249-262 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1960

M. Suffczynski, "Optical constants of metals," Phys. Rev. 117, 663-671 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Acioli, L.

C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aspnes, D. E.

D. E. Aspnes, "Optical properties of thin films," Thin Solid Films 89, 249-262 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamics in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10203(R)-10206(R) (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baker, L. A.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blair, S.

Y. Liu, F. Mahdavi, and S. Blair, "Enhanced fluorescence transduction properties of metallic nanocavity arrays, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 778-784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, "Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676-1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. K.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Crooks, R. M.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dosunmu, O.

M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J. P.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 8410-8426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emsley, M. K.

M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
[CrossRef]

George, M.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Groeneveld, R. H. M.

R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of electron-electron and electron-phonon energy relaxation in Ag and Au," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11433-11445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamics in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10203(R)-10206(R) (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. M.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, N.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kumacheva, E.

H. Li and E. Kumacheva, "Coreshell particles with conductive polymer cores," Colloid Polym. Sci. 281, 1-9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of electron-electron and electron-phonon energy relaxation in Ag and Au," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11433-11445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Li and E. Kumacheva, "Coreshell particles with conductive polymer cores," Colloid Polym. Sci. 281, 1-9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 8410-8426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, F. Mahdavi, and S. Blair, "Enhanced fluorescence transduction properties of metallic nanocavity arrays, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 778-784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahdavi, F.

Y. Liu, F. Mahdavi, and S. Blair, "Enhanced fluorescence transduction properties of metallic nanocavity arrays, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 778-784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manka, A. S.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moroz, A.

K. P. Velikov, W. L. Vos, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Reflectivity of metallodielectric photonic glasses," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pethel, A. S.

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Piredda, G.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, "Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676-1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, A. S. Pethel, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and A. S. Manka, "Transparent, metallo-dielectric, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2377-2383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sickmiller, M. E.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, "3D wire mesh photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480-2483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sievenpiper, D. F.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, "3D wire mesh photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480-2483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sigalas, M.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Smith, D. D.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sprik, R.

R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of electron-electron and electron-phonon energy relaxation in Ag and Au," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11433-11445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suffczynski, M.

M. Suffczynski, "Optical constants of metals," Phys. Rev. 117, 663-671 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Ünlü, M. S.

M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, C.-K. Sun. F.

C.-K. Sun. F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond investigation of electron thermalization in gold," Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365-12368 (1993).
[CrossRef]

van Blaaderen, A.

K. P. Velikov, W. L. Vos, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Reflectivity of metallodielectric photonic glasses," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Velikov, K. P.

K. P. Velikov, W. L. Vos, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Reflectivity of metallodielectric photonic glasses," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W. L.

K. P. Velikov, W. L. Vos, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Reflectivity of metallodielectric photonic glasses," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Westcott, S. L.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamics in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10203(R)-10206(R) (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, "3D wire mesh photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480-2483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, Y.

D. D. Smith, Y. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, J. K. Campbell, L. A. Baker, R. M. Crooks, and M. George, "z-scan measurement of the nonlinear absorption of a thin gold film," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6200-6205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, Y.-K.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. J. Bloemer and M. Scalora, "Transmissive properties of Ag/MgF2 photonic band gaps," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1676-1678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, N. Kroll, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental and theoretical results for a two-dimensional metal photonic band-gap cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 645-647 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Colloid Polym. Sci.

H. Li and E. Kumacheva, "Coreshell particles with conductive polymer cores," Colloid Polym. Sci. 281, 1-9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Y. Liu, F. Mahdavi, and S. Blair, "Enhanced fluorescence transduction properties of metallic nanocavity arrays, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 778-784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Emsley, O. Dosunmu, and M. S. Ünlü, "Silicon substrates with buried distributed Bragg reflectors for resonant cavity-enhanced optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 948-955 (2002).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the three bilayer Au/PMMA metallodielectric Bragg stack; also illustrated are the experimental geometries. (b) Cross section scanning electron micrograph of the three-bilayer Bragg stack.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Atomic force micrograph of the surface of a single Au film. (b) Ellipsometry and profilometry data for the PMMA thickness as a function of spin speed for two concentrations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental reflectivity ( R ) , transmissivity ( T ) , and R + T spectra for the (a) one-bilayer, (b) two-bilayer, and (c) three-bilayer MDBSs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical R, T, and R + T spectra for the (a) one-bilayer, (b) two-bilayer, and (c) three-bilayer MDBSs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical experimental z-scan traces for the Au film and the one-, two-, and three-bilayer MDBSs at λ = 600 nm with 1.55 MW peak power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Maximum experimental values of Δ T T versus wavelength for the single Au film and the one-, two-, and three-bilayer MDBSs. Also plotted (solid or dashed curves) are the 1 R T linear experimental spectra for all three MDBSs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Distribution of the square of the electric field amplitude within the three-bilayer MDBS at λ = 600 nm , shown along with the profile of the real part of the dielectric constant.

Equations (2)

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d E ( z ) d z = i k H ,
d H ( z ) d z = i k [ ϵ ( z ) + n 2 ϵ 0 λ β eff 2 π E ( z ) 2 ] E ,

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