Abstract

An external injection-seeding scheme with selected wavelength feedback to the master Fabry–Perot laser diode is developed to improve the side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) and extend the wavelength tuning range of the injection-seeded optical short pulses. A SMSR of higher than 31 dB over a wavelength tuning range of 20.4 nm has been obtained. For a SMSR of higher than 40 dB, the wavelength tuning range achieved is 13.8 nm. The system is simple and can operate at arbitrary repetition frequency.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Zhao and C. Shu, "Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436-1438 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Fang and D. N. Wang, "Mutual pulse injection seeding by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes to produce wavelength-tunable optical short pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 855-857 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Perot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. N. Wang, X. Fang, and W. Jin, "Generation of continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulses with two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection-seeding scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 917-921 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (KTK Scientific, 1991).
  11. J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Nonaka and H. Mizuno, "Sub-picosecond time jitter suppression using an optical feedback mechanism for a laser diode short pulse generator," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1581-1585 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2004

K. Nonaka and H. Mizuno, "Sub-picosecond time jitter suppression using an optical feedback mechanism for a laser diode short pulse generator," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1581-1585 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Perot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and D. N. Wang, "Mutual pulse injection seeding by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes to produce wavelength-tunable optical short pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 855-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, "Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436-1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P.

L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P. M.

A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, A. M.

A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dellunde, J.

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

D. N. Wang, X. Fang, and W. Jin, "Generation of continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulses with two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection-seeding scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 917-921 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Perot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and D. N. Wang, "Mutual pulse injection seeding by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes to produce wavelength-tunable optical short pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 855-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

D. N. Wang, X. Fang, and W. Jin, "Generation of continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulses with two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection-seeding scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 917-921 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaszubowska, A.

L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuzawa, S.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, Y.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miguel, M. S.

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, H.

K. Nonaka and H. Mizuno, "Sub-picosecond time jitter suppression using an optical feedback mechanism for a laser diode short pulse generator," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1581-1585 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nonaka, K.

K. Nonaka and H. Mizuno, "Sub-picosecond time jitter suppression using an optical feedback mechanism for a laser diode short pulse generator," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1581-1585 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (KTK Scientific, 1991).

Sancho, J. M.

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, "Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436-1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Torrent, M. C.

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

D. N. Wang, X. Fang, and W. Jin, "Generation of continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulses with two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection-seeding scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 917-921 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Perot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and D. N. Wang, "Mutual pulse injection seeding by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes to produce wavelength-tunable optical short pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 855-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, "Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436-1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Dellunde, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locking semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1540 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, and D. Bimberg, "Generation of 2.5-ps light pulses with 15-nm wavelength tunability at 1.3 µm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1267-1269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, "Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436-1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and D. N. Wang, "Mutual pulse injection seeding by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes to produce wavelength-tunable optical short pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 855-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1087-1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, and A. Kaszubowska, "Optical pulse generation at frequencies up to 20 GHz using external-injection seeding of a gain-switched commercial Fabry-Perot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1014-1016 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Clarke, P. M. Anandarajah, and L. P. Barry, "Generation of widely tunable picosecond pulses with large SMSR by externally injecting a gain-switched dual laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2344-2346 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Perot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Meas. Sci. Technol.

K. Nonaka and H. Mizuno, "Sub-picosecond time jitter suppression using an optical feedback mechanism for a laser diode short pulse generator," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1581-1585 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (KTK Scientific, 1991).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Frequency locking range versus injection ratio I m I s i .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup for external injection seeding with feedback to the master FP laser source. (b) Experimental setup for external injection seeding without feedback to the master FP laser source.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Multimode output spectrum of dc-biased FP1. (b) Multimode output spectrum of gain-switched FP2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) dc-biased FP1 output spectra at point A, in the system shown in Fig. 2b at wavelengths of (i) 1539.8, (ii) 1548.9, and (iii) 1557.8 nm. (b) The output spectra of injection-seeded single-wavelength optical pulses without feedback to FP1 at wavelengths of (i) 1539.8, (ii) 1548.9, and (iii) 1557.8 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) dc-biased FP1 output spectra at point A, in the system shown in Fig. 2a at wavelengths of (i) 1539.8, (ii) 1548.9, and (iii) 1557.8 nm. (b) The output spectra of injection-seeded optical single-wavelength pulse with a feedback to FP1 at wavelengths of (i) 1539.8, (ii) 1548.9, and (iii) 1557.8 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectra of injection-seeded optical single-wavelength pulses at the wavelengths located between the two laser modes, with a feedback to FP1 at wavelengths of (i) 1539.7, (ii) 1548.4, and (iii) 1557.6 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Waveforms of output pulse trains at wavelengths of (i) 1548.9 and (ii) 1548.4 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SMSRs of the injection-seeded optical short pulse at different wavelengths.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Semiconductor Laser Parameters

Equations (5)

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d E i ( t ) d t = 1 2 [ g ( N N 0 ) 1 + s E i 2 ( t ) γ ] E i + k m cos ( ϕ ) + 2 β N E i + β N ξ E i ( t ) ,
d ϕ i ( t ) d t = α 2 [ g ( N N 0 ) 1 + s E i 2 ( t ) γ ] Δ ω k m E m E i sin ( ϕ i ) + β N E i ξ ϕ i ( t ) ,
d N d t = c γ e N ( t ) g [ N ( t ) N 0 ] 1 + s i = M M E i ( t ) 2 i = M M E i ( t ) 2 .
k m = 1 τ L 1 R 2 R 2 η ext ,
Δ ω = k m E m E s i 1 + α 2 = k m I m I s i ( 1 + α 2 ) .

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