Abstract

It is experimentally demonstrated that use of an extremely thin cell (ETC) with the thickness of a Rb atomic vapor column of ∼400 nm allows one to resolve a large number of individual transitions between Zeeman sublevels of the D1 line of  87Rb and  85Rb in the sub-Doppler fluorescence excitation spectra in an external magnetic field of ∼200 G. It is revealed that due to the peculiarities of the Zeeman effect for different hyperfine levels of Rb, all allowed transitions between magnetic sublevels can be clearly resolved for  87Rb Fg=1Fe=1, 2 and Fg=2Fe=1, 2 fluorescence excitation. Also, relatively good spectral resolution can be achieved for  85Rb Fg=2Fe=2, 3 fluorescence excitation. Some partial resolution of transitions between magnetic sublevels is achieved for  85Rb Fg=3Fe=2, 3 fluorescence excitation. The spectral resolution of individual transitions allows one to easily observe both linear and nonlinear Zeeman effects in the fluorescence excitation spectra obtained with the help of the ETC. In the fluorescence spectra of a cell of usual length there is no evidence of a spectral resolution of individual transitions at B200 G. A simple magnetometer based on ETC with Rb with a submicrometer spatial resolution is described.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2004 (4)

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Blush and M. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interactions of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

2002 (1)

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in a thin film of resonant vapor," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film," Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical-pumping of diatomic-molecules in the electronic ground-state - classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1961 (1)

J. P. Barrat and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Etude du pompage optique dans le formalisme de la matrice densite," J. Phys. Radium 22, 329,443 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Alnis, J.

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

Auzinsh, M.

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Blush and M. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interactions of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

Auzinsh , M. P.

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical-pumping of diatomic-molecules in the electronic ground-state - classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barrat , J. P.

J. P. Barrat and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Etude du pompage optique dans le formalisme de la matrice densite," J. Phys. Radium 22, 329,443 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Beaubien, J.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, T.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, D.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in a thin film of resonant vapor," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film," Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blush , K.

K. Blush and M. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interactions of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blush, K.

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

Breton, M.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briaudeau, S.

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in a thin film of resonant vapor," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film," Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

J. P. Barrat and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Etude du pompage optique dans le formalisme de la matrice densite," J. Phys. Radium 22, 329,443 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, N.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ducloy, M.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in a thin film of resonant vapor," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film," Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dutier, G.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferber, R. S.

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical-pumping of diatomic-molecules in the electronic ground-state - classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gawlik, W.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levesque, M.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malakyan, Yu.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Michaud, A.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papageorgiou, N.

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Papoyan, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisyan, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisyan, D.

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thériault, S.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thoumany, P.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tremblay, P.

P. Tremblay, A. Michaud, M. Levesque, S. Thériault, M. Breton, J. Beaubien, and N. Cyr, "Absorption profiles of alkali-metal D lines in the presence of a static magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 42, 2766-2773 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varzhapetyan, T.

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weis, A.

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wies, A.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yarovitski, A.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yaschuk, V.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Sarkisyan, T. Becker, A. Papoyan, P. Thoumany, and H. Walther, "Sub-Doppler fluorescence on atomic D2 line of sub-micron rubidium vapor layer," Appl. Phys. B 76, 625-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Papageorgiou, A. Weis, V. A. Sautenkov, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "High-resolution selective reflection spectroscopy in intermediate magnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 59, 123-126 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film," Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Collapse and revival of a Dicke-type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy," Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, J. Alnis, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of Rb atoms on D2 line in a sub-micron vapor cell in the presence of a magnetic field," J. Opt. 6, S142-S150 (2004).

J. Phys. Radium (1)

J. P. Barrat and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Etude du pompage optique dans le formalisme de la matrice densite," J. Phys. Radium 22, 329,443 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, K. Blush, M. Auzinsh, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Magnetic field-induced mixing of hyperfine states of the Cs62P3/2 level observed with a submicron vapor cell," Laser Phys. 13, 1-11 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by submicron thin Cs-vapor layer," Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, T. Varzhapetyan, K. Blush, and M. Auzinsh, "Zeeman effect on the hyperfine structure of the D1 line of a submicron layer of 87Rb vapor," Opt. Spectrosc. 96, 328-334 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical-pumping of diatomic-molecules in the electronic ground-state - classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).
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K. Blush and M. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interactions of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).
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D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, "Spectroscopy in an extremely thin vapour cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption tech-niques," Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
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D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yaschuk, and A. Wies, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. (b) Geometric configuration of the experiment. The magnetic field is applied along the z or x axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Resonant fluorescence spectra on the D1 line of  87Rb with no magnetic field applied and in an external magnetic field B=225 G. (a) Transitions Fg=1Fe=1, 2 with a σ+ excitation; (b) transitions Fg=2Fe=1, 2 with a σ- excitation. Filled circles, experiment at B=225 G; solid curve (nearly coinciding with experimental circles), numerical calculations for the case of B=225 G; thick solid curve, reference spectra with no magnetic field applied (B=0). The corresponding Zeeman sublevels and transitions (arrows) are shown in the lower diagrams.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Resonant fluorescence spectra on the D1 line of  85Rb (transitions Fg=2Fe=2, 3) in an external magnetic field of 225 G. The excitation polarization is (a) -σ+, (b) -σ-, and (c) -π. Diagrams of the Zeeman sublevels for σ+, σ-, and π excitation are shown under (a), (b), and (c), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Resonant fluorescence spectra on the D1 line of  85Rb (transitions Fg=3Fe=2, 3) in an external magnetic field of 225 G. The excitation polarization is (a) -σ+, (b) -σ-, and (c) -π. Diagrams of the Zeeman sublevels for σ+, σ-, and π excitation are shown under (a), (b), and (c), respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the transition strengths and the transition frequency positions on the magnetic field for (a)  87Rb D1 Fg=1Fe=2 in the case of σ+ excitation; (b)  87Rb D1 Fg=2Fe=1 in the case of σ- excitation; (c) magnetic field dependence of the frequency difference between the transitions Fg=1, mF=+1Fe=2, mF=+2 and Fg=1, mF=-1Fe=2, mF=0 (σ+ excitation, solid curve); Fg=2, mF=0Fe=1, mF=-1 and Fg=2, mF=+2Fe=1, mF=+1 (σ- excitation, dashed curve).

Equations (7)

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Hˆ=Hˆ0+HˆHFS-μJ·B-μI·B,
μJ=gJμBħ J,μI=gIμ0ħ I,
|γkm=Fe=|Je-I|Fe=Je+ICkFe(e)(B, m)|Fe, m,
|ηsμ=Fg=|Jg-I|Fg=Jg+ICsFg(g)(B, μ)|Fg, μ,
 klfmimjt=-iklωmimj klfmimj-Γ klfmimj+sμΓpγkmi|d·e|ηsμ×ηsμ|d·e*|γlmj=0,
Γp=|ω¯|2ħ2(Γ+Δω)+i(ksωmiμ+slωμmj)Γ2+Δω2+i(ω¯+slωμmj)Γ2+Δω2-i(ω¯-ksωmiμ),
I(eobs)=I0mmμklsγkm|eobs*·d|ηsμ×γlm|eobs*·d|ηsμ klfmm

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