Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

K. Blushs and M. P. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interaction of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, and M. S. Zubairy, "Enhancement of Kerr nonlinearity by multiphoton coherence," Opt. Lett. 28, 96-98 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Geremia, J. K. Stockton, A. C. Doherty, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum Kalman filtering and the Heisenberg limit in atomic magnetometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 25801 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Nonlinear magneto optical rotation with frequency-modulated light," Phys. Rev. A 65, 055403 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Regan, D. Commins, C. J. Schmidt, and D. DeMille, "New limit on the electron electric dipole moment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 071805 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Gilles, J. Hamel, and B. Cheron, "Laser pumped 4He magnetometer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2253-2260 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M. V. Romalis, W. C. Griffith, J. P. Jacobs, and E. N. Fortson, "New limit on the permanent electric dipole moment of 199Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2505-2508 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. M. Rochester and D. Budker, "Atomic polarization visualized," Am. J. Phys. 69, 450-454 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

K. A. Nasyrov, "Wigner representation of rotational motion," J. Phys. A 32, 6663-6678 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "The evolution and revival structure of angular momentum quantum wave packets," Can. J. Phys. 77, 491-503 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "Angular momenta dynamics in magnetic and electric field: Classical and quantum approach," Can. J. Phys. 75, 853-872 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Hahn, "Concepts of NMR in quantum optics," Concepts Magn. Reson. 9, 69-81 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453-3463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Role of trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Scr. T70, 138-44 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Multiple-quantum spin coherence in the ground state of alkali atomic vapors," Phys. Rev. A 55, 206-213 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Optical detection of spin multipole order in the ground state of alkali atoms," Z. Phys. D 42, 5-13 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Multipole moments and trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2238-52 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical pumping of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state: classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).

[CrossRef]

E. Hack and J. Huber, "Quantum-beat spectroscopy of molecules," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 10, 287-317 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Auzinsh, "Nonlinear phase resonance of quantum beats in the dimer ground state," Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 68, 750-752 (1990).

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

E. B. Aleksandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, "Nutation caused by a change in relaxation rate," Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45, 309-310 (1987).

M. Auzinsh, M. Tamanis, and R. Ferber, "Zeeman quantum beats after optical depopulation of the ground electronic state of diatomic molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 63, 688-693 (1986).

M. P. Auzinsh, M. Y. Tamanis, and R. S. Ferber, "Observation of quantum beats in the kinetics of the thermalization of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state," JETP Lett. 42, 160-163 (1985).

M. Auzinsh and R. Ferber, "Observation of quantum-beat resonance between magnetic sublevels with DeltaM=4," JETP Lett. 39, 452-455 (1984).

M. P. Auzinsh, R. S. Ferber, and I. Pirags, "K2 ground-state relaxation studies from transient process kinetics," J. Phys. B 16, 2759-2771 (1983).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

E. B. Aleksandrov and V. S. Zapasskii, "Magnetic resonance in the Faraday rotation noise spectrum," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 132-138 (1981).

K. A. Nasyrov and A. M. Shalagin, "Interaction between intense radiation and atoms or molecules experiencing classical rotary motion," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 6649-6663 (1981).

W. Lange and J. Mlynek, "Quantum beats in transmission by time-resolved polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1373-1375 (1978).

[CrossRef]

M. Ducloy, "Non-linear effects in optical pumping with lasers. I. General theory of the classical limit for levels of large angular momenta," J. Phys. B 9, 357-381 (1976).

[CrossRef]

R. Wallenstein, J. A. Paisner, and A. L. Schawlow, "Observation of Zeeman quantum beats in molecular iodine," Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 1333-1336 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. I. Okunevich, "Parametric relaxation resonance of optically oriented atoms in a transverse magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 66, 1578-1580 (1974).

L. Novikov, "Optically excited parametric resonance," C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. B 278, 1063-1065 (1974).

A. I. Okunevich, "Parametric relaxation resonance of optically oriented metastable 4He atoms in an effective magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 67, 881-889 (1974).

E. B. Aleksandrov, "Optical manifestation of interference of non-degenerate atomic states," Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 436-451 (1972).

[CrossRef]

J. Dupont-Roc, "Determination of the three components of a weak magnetic field by optical methods," Rev. Phys. Appl. 5, 853-864 (1970).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloë, "Detection of the static magnetic field produced by the oriented nuclei of optically pumped 3He gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758-760 (1969).

[CrossRef]

E. Aleksandrov, "Luminiscence beats induced by pulsed excitation of coherent states," Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 17, 522-523 (1964).

J. N. Dodd, R. Kaul, and D. Warington, "The modulation of resonance fluorescence excited by pulsed light," Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. A 84, 176-178 (1964).

[CrossRef]

M. Dyakonov, "Theory of resonance scattering of light by a gas in the presence of a magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 2213-2221 (1964).

E. B. Aleksandrov, "Quantum beats of luminescence under modulated light excitation," Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 233-234 (1963).

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (1-re partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 423-461 (1962).

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (2-e partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 469-504 (1962).

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Optically driven spin precession," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280-281 (1961).

[CrossRef]

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Observation of forbidden resonances in optically driven spin systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 623-624 (1961).

[CrossRef]

E. Aleksandrov, "Luminiscence beats induced by pulsed excitation of coherent states," Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 17, 522-523 (1964).

E. B. Aleksandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, "Nutation caused by a change in relaxation rate," Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45, 309-310 (1987).

E. B. Aleksandrov and V. S. Zapasskii, "Magnetic resonance in the Faraday rotation noise spectrum," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 132-138 (1981).

E. B. Aleksandrov, "Optical manifestation of interference of non-degenerate atomic states," Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 436-451 (1972).

[CrossRef]

E. B. Aleksandrov, "Quantum beats of luminescence under modulated light excitation," Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 233-234 (1963).

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "The evolution and revival structure of angular momentum quantum wave packets," Can. J. Phys. 77, 491-503 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "Angular momenta dynamics in magnetic and electric field: Classical and quantum approach," Can. J. Phys. 75, 853-872 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "Nonlinear phase resonance of quantum beats in the dimer ground state," Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 68, 750-752 (1990).

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

M. Auzinsh, M. Tamanis, and R. Ferber, "Zeeman quantum beats after optical depopulation of the ground electronic state of diatomic molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 63, 688-693 (1986).

M. Auzinsh and R. Ferber, "Observation of quantum-beat resonance between magnetic sublevels with DeltaM=4," JETP Lett. 39, 452-455 (1984).

K. Blushs and M. P. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interaction of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical pumping of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state: classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, M. Y. Tamanis, and R. S. Ferber, "Observation of quantum beats in the kinetics of the thermalization of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state," JETP Lett. 42, 160-163 (1985).

M. P. Auzinsh, R. S. Ferber, and I. Pirags, "K2 ground-state relaxation studies from transient process kinetics," J. Phys. B 16, 2759-2771 (1983).

[CrossRef]

E. B. Aleksandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, "Nutation caused by a change in relaxation rate," Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45, 309-310 (1987).

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Optically driven spin precession," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280-281 (1961).

[CrossRef]

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Observation of forbidden resonances in optically driven spin systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 623-624 (1961).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Observation of forbidden resonances in optically driven spin systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 623-624 (1961).

[CrossRef]

W. Bell and A. Bloom, "Optically driven spin precession," Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280-281 (1961).

[CrossRef]

K. Blushs and M. P. Auzinsh, "Validity of rate equations for Zeeman coherences for analysis of nonlinear interaction of atoms with laser radiation," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063806 (2004).

[CrossRef]

E. B. Aleksandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, "Nutation caused by a change in relaxation rate," Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45, 309-310 (1987).

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Nonlinear magneto optical rotation with frequency-modulated light," Phys. Rev. A 65, 055403 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Rochester and D. Budker, "Atomic polarization visualized," Am. J. Phys. 69, 450-454 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453-3463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. Demille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, "Experimental investigation of excited states in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 50, 132-143 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Gilles, J. Hamel, and B. Cheron, "Laser pumped 4He magnetometer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2253-2260 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloë, "Detection of the static magnetic field produced by the oriented nuclei of optically pumped 3He gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758-760 (1969).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (1-re partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 423-461 (1962).

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (2-e partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 469-504 (1962).

B. C. Regan, D. Commins, C. J. Schmidt, and D. DeMille, "New limit on the electron electric dipole moment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 071805 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, D. Demille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, "Experimental investigation of excited states in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 50, 132-143 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Regan, D. Commins, C. J. Schmidt, and D. DeMille, "New limit on the electron electric dipole moment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 071805 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453-3463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. Demille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, "Experimental investigation of excited states in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 50, 132-143 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. N. Dodd, R. Kaul, and D. Warington, "The modulation of resonance fluorescence excited by pulsed light," Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. A 84, 176-178 (1964).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Geremia, J. K. Stockton, A. C. Doherty, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum Kalman filtering and the Heisenberg limit in atomic magnetometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 25801 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Ducloy, "Non-linear effects in optical pumping with lasers. I. General theory of the classical limit for levels of large angular momenta," J. Phys. B 9, 357-381 (1976).

[CrossRef]

J. Dupont-Roc, "Determination of the three components of a weak magnetic field by optical methods," Rev. Phys. Appl. 5, 853-864 (1970).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloë, "Detection of the static magnetic field produced by the oriented nuclei of optically pumped 3He gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758-760 (1969).

[CrossRef]

M. Dyakonov, "Theory of resonance scattering of light by a gas in the presence of a magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 2213-2221 (1964).

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

M. Auzinsh, M. Tamanis, and R. Ferber, "Zeeman quantum beats after optical depopulation of the ground electronic state of diatomic molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 63, 688-693 (1986).

M. Auzinsh and R. Ferber, "Observation of quantum-beat resonance between magnetic sublevels with DeltaM=4," JETP Lett. 39, 452-455 (1984).

M. P. Auzinsh and R. S. Ferber, "Optical pumping of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state: classical and quantum approaches," Phys. Rev. A 43, 2374-2386 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, M. Y. Tamanis, and R. S. Ferber, "Observation of quantum beats in the kinetics of the thermalization of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state," JETP Lett. 42, 160-163 (1985).

M. P. Auzinsh, R. S. Ferber, and I. Pirags, "K2 ground-state relaxation studies from transient process kinetics," J. Phys. B 16, 2759-2771 (1983).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

M. V. Romalis, W. C. Griffith, J. P. Jacobs, and E. N. Fortson, "New limit on the permanent electric dipole moment of 199Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2505-2508 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Role of trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Scr. T70, 138-44 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Multipole moments and trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2238-52 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. M. Geremia, J. K. Stockton, A. C. Doherty, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum Kalman filtering and the Heisenberg limit in atomic magnetometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 25801 (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Gilles, J. Hamel, and B. Cheron, "Laser pumped 4He magnetometer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2253-2260 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. V. Romalis, W. C. Griffith, J. P. Jacobs, and E. N. Fortson, "New limit on the permanent electric dipole moment of 199Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2505-2508 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Hack and J. Huber, "Quantum-beat spectroscopy of molecules," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 10, 287-317 (1991).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Hahn, "Concepts of NMR in quantum optics," Concepts Magn. Reson. 9, 69-81 (1997).

[CrossRef]

H. Gilles, J. Hamel, and B. Cheron, "Laser pumped 4He magnetometer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2253-2260 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloë, "Detection of the static magnetic field produced by the oriented nuclei of optically pumped 3He gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758-760 (1969).

[CrossRef]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Hack and J. Huber, "Quantum-beat spectroscopy of molecules," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 10, 287-317 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. V. Romalis, W. C. Griffith, J. P. Jacobs, and E. N. Fortson, "New limit on the permanent electric dipole moment of 199Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2505-2508 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Dodd, R. Kaul, and D. Warington, "The modulation of resonance fluorescence excited by pulsed light," Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. A 84, 176-178 (1964).

[CrossRef]

D. Kawall, F. Bay, S. Bickman, Y. Jiang, and D. DeMille, "Precision Zeeman-Stark spectroscopy of the metastable a(1)[3Sigma+] state of PbO," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133007 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Nonlinear magneto optical rotation with frequency-modulated light," Phys. Rev. A 65, 055403 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. DuPont-Roc, S. Haroche, and F. Laloë, "Detection of the static magnetic field produced by the oriented nuclei of optically pumped 3He gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 758-760 (1969).

[CrossRef]

J. P. Jacobs, W. M. Klipstein, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Limit on the electric-dipole moment of 199Hg using synchronous optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 52, 3521-3540 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Lange and J. Mlynek, "Quantum beats in transmission by time-resolved polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1373-1375 (1978).

[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Role of trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Scr. T70, 138-44 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. Lobodzin´ski and W. Gawlik, "Multipole moments and trap states in forward scattering of resonance light," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2238-52 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Geremia, J. K. Stockton, A. C. Doherty, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum Kalman filtering and the Heisenberg limit in atomic magnetometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 25801 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Optical detection of spin multipole order in the ground state of alkali atoms," Z. Phys. D 42, 5-13 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Multiple-quantum spin coherence in the ground state of alkali atomic vapors," Phys. Rev. A 55, 206-213 (1997).

[CrossRef]

W. Lange and J. Mlynek, "Quantum beats in transmission by time-resolved polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1373-1375 (1978).

[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

K. A. Nasyrov, "Wigner representation of rotational motion," J. Phys. A 32, 6663-6678 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

K. A. Nasyrov and A. M. Shalagin, "Interaction between intense radiation and atoms or molecules experiencing classical rotary motion," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 6649-6663 (1981).

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453-3463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "A new optical pumping scheme using a frequency modulated semi-conductor laser for 4He magnetometers," Opt. Commun. 115, 71-74 (1995).

[CrossRef]

L. Novikov, "Optically excited parametric resonance," C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. B 278, 1063-1065 (1974).

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

A. I. Okunevich, "Parametric relaxation resonance of optically oriented metastable 4He atoms in an effective magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 67, 881-889 (1974).

A. I. Okunevich, "Parametric relaxation resonance of optically oriented atoms in a transverse magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 66, 1578-1580 (1974).

R. Wallenstein, J. A. Paisner, and A. L. Schawlow, "Observation of Zeeman quantum beats in molecular iodine," Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 1333-1336 (1974).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, R. S. Ferber, and I. Pirags, "K2 ground-state relaxation studies from transient process kinetics," J. Phys. B 16, 2759-2771 (1983).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Regan, D. Commins, C. J. Schmidt, and D. DeMille, "New limit on the electron electric dipole moment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 071805 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Rochester and D. Budker, "Atomic polarization visualized," Am. J. Phys. 69, 450-454 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. V. Romalis, W. C. Griffith, J. P. Jacobs, and E. N. Fortson, "New limit on the permanent electric dipole moment of 199Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2505-2508 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Wallenstein, J. A. Paisner, and A. L. Schawlow, "Observation of Zeeman quantum beats in molecular iodine," Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 1333-1336 (1974).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Regan, D. Commins, C. J. Schmidt, and D. DeMille, "New limit on the electron electric dipole moment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 071805 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

K. A. Nasyrov and A. M. Shalagin, "Interaction between intense radiation and atoms or molecules experiencing classical rotary motion," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 6649-6663 (1981).

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Geremia, J. K. Stockton, A. C. Doherty, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum Kalman filtering and the Heisenberg limit in atomic magnetometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 25801 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, K. Nasyrov, M. Tamanis, R. Ferber, and A. Shalagin, "Resonance of quantum beats in a system of magnetic sublevels of the electronic ground state of molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 891-897 (1987).

M. Auzinsh, M. Tamanis, and R. Ferber, "Zeeman quantum beats after optical depopulation of the ground electronic state of diatomic molecules," Sov. Phys. JETP 63, 688-693 (1986).

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, M. Y. Tamanis, and R. S. Ferber, "Observation of quantum beats in the kinetics of the thermalization of diatomic molecules in the electronic ground state," JETP Lett. 42, 160-163 (1985).

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Valente, H. Failache, D. Felinto, L. S. Cruz, P. Nussenzweig, and A. Lezama, "Noise spectroscopy of non-linear magneto-optical resonances in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043809, (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. K. Majumder, B. J. Venema, S. K. Lamoreaux, B. R. Heckel, and E. N. Fortson, "Test of the linearity of quantum mechanics in optically pumped 201Hg," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2931-2934 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Multiple-quantum spin coherence in the ground state of alkali atomic vapors," Phys. Rev. A 55, 206-213 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Optical detection of spin multipole order in the ground state of alkali atoms," Z. Phys. D 42, 5-13 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. Wallenstein, J. A. Paisner, and A. L. Schawlow, "Observation of Zeeman quantum beats in molecular iodine," Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 1333-1336 (1974).

[CrossRef]

J. N. Dodd, R. Kaul, and D. Warington, "The modulation of resonance fluorescence excited by pulsed light," Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. A 84, 176-178 (1964).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Optical detection of spin multipole order in the ground state of alkali atoms," Z. Phys. D 42, 5-13 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Xu, G. Wäckerle, and M. Mehring, "Multiple-quantum spin coherence in the ground state of alkali atomic vapors," Phys. Rev. A 55, 206-213 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition," Phys. Rev. A 69, 013817 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Y. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester, "Selective addressing of high-rank atomic polarization moments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 253001 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Nonlinear magneto optical rotation with frequency-modulated light," Phys. Rev. A 65, 055403 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

E. B. Aleksandrov and V. S. Zapasskii, "Magnetic resonance in the Faraday rotation noise spectrum," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 81, 132-138 (1981).

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Nonlinear magneto optical rotation with frequency-modulated light," Phys. Rev. A 65, 055403 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Rochester, C. J. Bowers, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Measurement of lifetimes and tensor polarizabilities of odd-parity states of atomic samarium," Phys. Rev. A 59, 3480-3494 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, "Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453-3463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. Demille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, "Experimental investigation of excited states in atomic dysprosium," Phys. Rev. A 50, 132-143 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. M. Rochester and D. Budker, "Atomic polarization visualized," Am. J. Phys. 69, 450-454 (2001).

[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (1-re partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 423-461 (1962).

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Theorie quantique du cycle de pompage optique. Verification experimentale des noveaux effets prevus (2-e partie)," Ann. Phys. (Paris) 7, 469-504 (1962).

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).

[CrossRef]

L. Novikov, "Optically excited parametric resonance," C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. B 278, 1063-1065 (1974).

M. Auzinsh, "Angular momenta dynamics in magnetic and electric field: Classical and quantum approach," Can. J. Phys. 75, 853-872 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Auzinsh, "The evolution and revival structure of angular momentum quantum wave packets," Can. J. Phys. 77, 491-503 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Ferber, A. I. Okunevich, O. A. Shmit, and M. Y. Tamanis, "Landé factor measurements for the 130Te2 electronic ground state," Chem. Phys. Lett. 90, 476-480 (1982).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, K. A. Nasyrov, M. Y. Tamanis, R. S. Ferber, and A. M. Shalagin, "Determination of the ground-state Landé factor for diatomic molecules by a beat-resonance method," Chem. Phys. Lett. 167, 129-136 (1990).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Hahn, "Concepts of NMR in quantum optics," Concepts Magn. Reson. 9, 69-81 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Hack and J. Huber, "Quantum-beat spectroscopy of molecules," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 10, 287-317 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. A. Nasyrov, "Wigner representation of rotational motion," J. Phys. A 32, 6663-6678 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Ducloy, "Non-linear effects in optical pumping with lasers. I. General theory of the classical limit for levels of large angular momenta," J. Phys. B 9, 357-381 (1976).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Auzinsh, R. S. Ferber, and I. Pirags, "K2 ground-state relaxation studies from transient process kinetics," J. Phys. B 16, 2759-2771 (1983).

[CrossRef]

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and E. Noel, "4He optical pumping with frequency modulated light," J. Phys. II 6, 175-185 (1996).

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We will use the word "particle" to refer to either atoms or molecules.

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The quantum-beat frequency must be higher than the relaxation rate for quantum-beat dynamics to be clearly observed. In molecules, for example, the excited-state relaxation rate is often dominated by radiative decay and is typically ∼108
s−1
,
which is greater than the typical ground-state relaxation rate (∼106
s−1
).
Thus larger magnetic fields are required to observe excited-state Zeeman beats than for the observation of ground-state quantum beats.

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The idea of stroboscopic matching to increase coupling between systems (light and precessing spins in this context) is also omnipresent in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. For example, Hahn and co-workers introduced various methods of coupling spin systems with different gyromagnetic ratios together by matching the Larmor frequency of one system to the Rabi frequency of the other (Kaplan-Hahn matching) or by matching the Rabi frequencies of the two systems (Hartmann-Hahn matching).24
A general review25
of the connection between concepts in quantum optics and nuclear magnetic resonance was given by Hahn.

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When the excitation light has a spectral profile broader than the homogeneous absorption linewidth, calculations can also be simplified by using rate equations for the Zeeman coherences.8081
It has been demonstrated that in many cases these rate equations give very good agreement between the model and experimental results. Recently, a detailed analysis82
of the application limits for the rate equations for Zeeman coherences for nonlinear magneto-optical effects was carried out.

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