Abstract

We investigated the intensity noise spectra of a single beam of a pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator (OPO), which was used to generate quantum-correlated twin beams, as a function of the pump power. With a triply (pump-, signal-, and idler-) resonant cavity, the oscillation threshold of our OPO was 8.5±1.3 mW and the measured slope conversion efficiency was 0.72±0.02. Twin beams with a power of 240 mW were generated at a pump power of 350 mW. The relaxation oscillation frequencies, which depend on the pump power, were observed when the pump power of the OPO was 12.5–28 mW. The experimental results confirm the predicted increase in OPO relaxation frequency with pump power. We experimentally inferred squeezing of the single-beam intensity, for the first time to our knowledge, by exploiting the nature of quantum noise that is dependent on loss.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. C. Eckardt, C. D. Nabors, W. J. Kozlovsky, and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator frequency tuning and control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 646–667 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).
  5. Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Teja and N. C. Wong, “Twin-beam generation in a triply resonant dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 2, 65–71 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Investigation of the photon-number statistics of twin beams by direct detection,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1244–1246 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Experimental investigation of the intensity fluctuation joint probability and conditional distributions of the twin-beam quantum state,” Opt. Express 11, 14–19 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. R. Gao, F. Y. Cui, C. Y. Xue, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Generation and application of twin beams from an optical parametric oscillator including an alpha-cut KTP crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23, 870–872 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Souto Ribeiro, C. Schwob, A. Matre, and C. Fabre, “Sub-shot-noise high-sensitivity spectroscopy with optical parametric oscillator twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1893–1895 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Schneider, R. Bruckmeier, H. Hansen, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Bright squeezed light generation by a continuous-wave semimonolithic parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1396–1398 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Debuisschert, A. Sizmann, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Type-II continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: oscillation and frequency-tuning characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1668–1680 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Experimental investigation of the intensity fluctuation joint probability and conditional distributions of the twin-beam quantum state,” Opt. Express 11, 14–19 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Investigation of the photon-number statistics of twin beams by direct detection,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1244–1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

J. R. Gao, F. Y. Cui, C. Y. Xue, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Generation and application of twin beams from an optical parametric oscillator including an alpha-cut KTP crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23, 870–872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Teja and N. C. Wong, “Twin-beam generation in a triply resonant dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 2, 65–71 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aniello, P.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bruckmeier, R.

Byer, R. L.

Camy, G.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiummo, A.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cui, F. Y.

de Lisio, C.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Debuisschert, T.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fabre, C.

H. Souto Ribeiro, C. Schwob, A. Matre, and C. Fabre, “Sub-shot-noise high-sensitivity spectroscopy with optical parametric oscillator twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1893–1895 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, A. Sizmann, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Type-II continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: oscillation and frequency-tuning characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1668–1680 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiorentino, M.

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. R.

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Gao, F. Y. Cui, C. Y. Xue, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Generation and application of twin beams from an optical parametric oscillator including an alpha-cut KTP crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23, 870–872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

T. Debuisschert, A. Sizmann, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Type-II continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: oscillation and frequency-tuning characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1668–1680 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, H.

Heidmann, A.

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horowitz, R. J.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jing, J. T.

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, K.

Kimble, H. J.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, M. E.

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Lee, D.-H.

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Y.

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Matre, A.

Mlynek, J.

Nabors, C. D.

Pan, Q.

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Peng, K. C.

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Gao, F. Y. Cui, C. Y. Xue, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Generation and application of twin beams from an optical parametric oscillator including an alpha-cut KTP crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23, 870–872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Porzio, A.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, S.

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiller, S.

Schneider, K.

Schwob, C.

Sciarrino, F.

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sizmann, A.

Solimeno, S.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solimeto, S.

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Souto Ribeiro, H.

Su, H.

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Teja, J.

Wang, H.

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Wang, H. B.

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. K.

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

Wong, N. C.

Wu, H. F.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, L. A.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, C. D.

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Gao, F. Y. Cui, C. Y. Xue, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Generation and application of twin beams from an optical parametric oscillator including an alpha-cut KTP crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23, 870–872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Xue, C. Y.

Zhai, Z. H.

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Experimental investigation of the intensity fluctuation joint probability and conditional distributions of the twin-beam quantum state,” Opt. Express 11, 14–19 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, K. Kasai, and M. Watanabe, “Investigation of the photon-number statistics of twin beams by direct detection,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1244–1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeno, “Resonances and spectral properties of detuned OPOs pumped by fluctuating sources,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 655–665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

H. B. Wang, Z. H. Zhai, S. K. Wang, and J. R. Gao, “Generation of frequency tunable twin beams and its application in sub-shot noise FM spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 64, 15–21 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. (1)

A. Porzio, C. Altucci, P. Aniello, A. Chiummo, C. de Lisio, and S. Solimeto, “Spectral properties of the single beams generated by an optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S313–S317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, A. Heidmann, and S. Reynaud, “Noise characteristics of a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator—application to quantum noise reduction,” J. Phys. (Paris) 50, 1209–1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Porzio, F. Sciarrino, A. Chiummo, M. Fiorentino, and S. Solimeno, “Twin beams correlation and single beam noise for triply resonant KTP OPOs,” Opt. Commun. 194, 373–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Y. Li, J. T. Jing, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental generation of bright two-mode quadrature squeezed light from a narrow-band nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. F. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowitz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555–2557 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Zhang, Q. Pan, H. Su, A. Porzio, C. D. Xie, and K. C. Peng, “Experimental realization of a quantum measurement for intensity difference fluctuation using a beam splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1414–1417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. C. Peng, Q. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Su, and C. D. Xie, “Generation of two-mode quadrature-phase squeezing and intensity-difference squeezing from a cw-NOPO,” 66, 755–758 (1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for a triply resonant cw OPO: D1, D2, photodiodes; PBS0–PBS2, polarizing beam splitters; P1, half-wave plate for 532 nm; P2, P3, half-wave plates for 1064 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power of OPO measured as a function of pump power. The fit yields an OPO threshold of 8.5±1.3 mW and a slope conversion efficiency of η=0.72±0.02.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity difference noise reduction versus frequency at a pump power of ∼40 mW. Resolution bandwidth, 100 kHz; video bandwidth, 100 Hz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized single-beam noise versus frequency when the pump power increases from 12.5 to 28 mW. Resolution bandwidth, 100 kHz; video bandwidth, 100 Hz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized single-beam noise versus frequency when the pump power increases from 28 to 55 mW. Resolution bandwidth, 100 kHz; video bandwidth, 100 Hz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intensity noise in a single beam versus frequency at various pump powers. Resolution bandwidth, 100 kHz; video bandwidth, 100 Hz.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Quantum noise in a single beam versus normalized pump power. Solid curve, theoretical prediction; filled circles, experimental results.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pout=2(PthPp-Pth)orpout=2(s-1),
S(Ω)=1-{ηeηd/[1+(Ω/Γ)2]},
Vd=Vex+Vq,
Ss=1-2Vd(II)VSNL-Vd(I)VSNL.
SS(Ω)=1-ηes(s-2)2[1+(Ω/Γ)2][(s-1)2+(Ω/Γ)2].

Metrics