Abstract

Experimental spectroscopic results related to Nd3+-doped BaY2F8, are presented that include vacuum-ultraviolet ground-state absorption and excitation spectra as well as polarized emission and excited-state absorption spectra recorded in the near-ultraviolet spectral range at room and low temperatures. Calculations were performed to determine the positions of the 4f25d sublevels and the intensities and polarizations of the 4f34f25d optical transitions of the Nd3+ ions in the C2 symmetry sites of the biaxial host crystal. The simulated spectra agree well with the experimental spectra; in particular, the model that was used successfully reproduced the differences between the polarized spectra on one hand and between the spectra recorded at low and room temperatures on the other hand.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Ehrlich, P. F. Moulton, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., “Ultraviolet solid-state Ce:YLF laser at 325 nm,” Opt. Lett. 4, 184–186 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Laroche, A. Braud, S. Girard, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, and L. D. Merkle, “Spectroscopic investigations of the 4f5d energy levels of Pr3+ in fluoride crystals by excited-state absorption and two-step excitation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2269–2277 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).
  6. M. Laroche, “Matériaux dopés Ce 3+ et Pr 3+ pour laser UV accordable tout-solide: croissance cristalline, spectroscopie dans les états excités, fonctionnement laser,” doctoral dissertation (Université de Caen, Caen, France, 2001).
  7. Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Laroche, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4f2→4f5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1291–1303 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).
  13. L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. A. Mcfarlane, “Upconversion laser in BaY2F8:Er 5% pumped by ground-state and excited-state absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 871–880 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).
  16. C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Crystal-field analysis of triply ionized rare earth ions in lanthanum trifluoride,” J. Chem. Phys. 71, 2366–2374 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Collombet, “Spectroscopie de cristaux dopés Nd 3+ et étude de leurs potentialités pour la réalisation de sources laser à solides accordables dans le domaine spectral UV,” doctoral dissertation (Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France, 2003).

2003

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

2002

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

M. Laroche, A. Braud, S. Girard, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, and L. D. Merkle, “Spectroscopic investigations of the 4f5d energy levels of Pr3+ in fluoride crystals by excited-state absorption and two-step excitation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Mcfarlane, “Upconversion laser in BaY2F8:Er 5% pumped by ground-state and excited-state absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 871–880 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).

1993

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985

R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979

D. J. Ehrlich, P. F. Moulton, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., “Ultraviolet solid-state Ce:YLF laser at 325 nm,” Opt. Lett. 4, 184–186 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Crystal-field analysis of triply ionized rare earth ions in lanthanum trifluoride,” J. Chem. Phys. 71, 2366–2374 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Yu.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Beaury, L.

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

Bulou, A.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, S. P.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Collombet, A.

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

den Hartog, H. W.

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Derouet, J.

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Descroix, E.

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Devyatkova, L. I.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

Doualan, J.-L.

Ehrlich, D. J.

Escorne, M.

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gesland, J. Y.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

Guilbert, L. H.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guy, S.

Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, O. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jacquier, B.

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jayasankar, C. K.

E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).

Joubert, M.-F.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Klein, P. H.

R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4f2→4f5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1291–1303 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, A. Braud, S. Girard, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, and L. D. Merkle, “Spectroscopic investigations of the 4f5d energy levels of Pr3+ in fluoride crystals by excited-state absorption and two-step excitation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leavitt, R. P.

C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Crystal-field analysis of triply ionized rare earth ions in lanthanum trifluoride,” J. Chem. Phys. 71, 2366–2374 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Linarès, C.

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Margerie, J.

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4f2→4f5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1291–1303 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mcfarlane, R. A.

Meijerink, A.

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L. D.

Mikhailin, V. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4f2→4f5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1291–1303 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, A. Braud, S. Girard, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, and L. D. Merkle, “Spectroscopic investigations of the 4f5d energy levels of Pr3+ in fluoride crystals by excited-state absorption and two-step excitation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, C. A.

C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Crystal-field analysis of triply ionized rare earth ions in lanthanum trifluoride,” J. Chem. Phys. 71, 2366–2374 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Naumov, A. K.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Nicolas, S.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osgood Jr., R. M.

Petrosyan, A. G.

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Porcher, P.

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Reid, M. F.

E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).

Retoux, R.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rudnev, S. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rukmini, E.

E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).

Semashko, V. V.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Somatri, T.

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thuau, M.

Tkachuk, A.

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tkachuk, A. M.

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Uvarova, T. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

van Eijk, C. W. E.

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Visser, R.

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Waynant, R. W.

R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

Y. Guyot, S. Guy, and M.-F. Joubert, “Efficient 4f3(4F3/2)→4f25d excited-state absorption in Nd3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 323–324, 722–725 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, A. Collombet, T. Somatri, A. Tkachuk, and M.-F. Joubert, “Spectral and dynamic study of the broad band UV 4f25d→4f3 emission in Nd-doped double sodium yttrium fluoride crystals and comparison with Nd:LiYF4,” J. Alloys Compd. 341, 174–178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Crystal-field analysis of triply ionized rare earth ions in lanthanum trifluoride,” J. Chem. Phys. 71, 2366–2374 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

M.-F. Joubert, B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, and R. M. Macfarlane, “A spectroscopic study of BaY2F8:Nd3+,” J. Lumin. 47, 269–280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

L. Beaury, J. Derouet, M. Escorne, and P. Porcher, “The correlation between the optical absorption spectrum and paramagnetic properties of neodymium trifluoride,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 5169–5180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Visser, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Meijerink, and H. W. den Hartog, “The scintillation intensity and decay from Nd3+ 4f25d and 4f3 excited states in several fluoride crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, 8437–8460 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Nicolas, M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, E. Descroix, and A. G. Petrosyan, “4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+:YAlO3,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, 7937–7946 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter

E. Rukmini, C. K. Jayasankar, and M. F. Reid, “Correlation-crystal-field analysis of Nd3+ (4f3) energy-level structures in various crystal hosts,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 5919–5936 (1994).

Mater. Res. Bull.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.)

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 24, 215–219 (2003).

S. Nicolas, E. Descroix, M.-F. Joubert, Y. Guyot, M. Laroche, R. Moncorgé, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, A. M. Tkachuk, and M. Malinowski, “Potentiality of Pr3+- and Pr3++Ce3+-doped crystals for tunable UV upconversion lasers,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 22, 139–146 (2003).

Phys. Rev. B

A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, M. Laroche, J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and E. Descroix, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of 4f3↔4f25d interconfigurational transitions in Nd3+:LiYF4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 035115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and emission luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Laroche, “Matériaux dopés Ce 3+ et Pr 3+ pour laser UV accordable tout-solide: croissance cristalline, spectroscopie dans les états excités, fonctionnement laser,” doctoral dissertation (Université de Caen, Caen, France, 2001).

A. Collombet, “Spectroscopie de cristaux dopés Nd 3+ et étude de leurs potentialités pour la réalisation de sources laser à solides accordables dans le domaine spectral UV,” doctoral dissertation (Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France, 2003).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Orientation of optical axes X and Z with respect to crystallographic axes a and c for BaY2F8.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Partial energy-level scheme for Nd3+ in BaY2F8.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Unpolarized simulated and experimental GSA (recorded from a 0.32-mm-thick, 0.3-at. % Nd3+ bulk sample) and GSE (recorded from a 4.1-at. % Nd3+ powdered sample) spectra of BaY2F8:Nd3+ at room temperature. Vertical lines in (b), individual components of GSA spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarized experimental and simulated-emission spectra at room temperature for 355-nm excitation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Polarized experimental and simulated  4F3/2 ESA spectra at room temperature.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Polarized experimental and simulated emission spectra at low temperature for 355-nm excitation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarized experimental and simulated  4F3/2 ESA spectra at low temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Crystal Field Parameters (cm-1) Used for the Calculation

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Bkq(f)=ρk(f)Akq,
Bkq(d)=ρk(d)Akq.
Akq=-q2jZj4π0Rjk+1[Cq(k)(αj, βj)]*,
DX1=i(D-11+D+11)/2,DY1=D01,
DZ1=(D-11-D+11)/2.

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