Abstract

A diode-pumped highly efficient Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser formed by a plano–concave resonator has been demonstrated. At the highest attainable absorbed pump power of 11.4 W, 4.05 W of average output power, which was two thirds of the maximum corresponding cw output, was achieved with an optical conversion efficiency of 35.5%, and the slope efficiency was determined to be 46.8%, reaching 85% of the magnitude of its cw counterpart. The resulting shortest pulse duration, single-pulse energy, and peak power were found to be 13 ns, 90 μJ, and 7 kW, respectively, with a pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 45 kHz. Two particularly modified resonator configurations were employed; the largest pulse energy and the highest peak power reached were, respectively, 154 μJ and 11.2 kW at 8.5 W of absorbed pump power. An analytical relation between the PRF and the absorbed pump power is given for a passively Q-switched laser, showing good consistency with experiment with a Nd:GdVO4 laser. The dependence of the operational parameters on the pump power and on the output coupling was also investigated experimentally. Issues involving the criterion for passive Q switching are discussed in some detail for Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched neodymium-doped vanadate lasers.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Bai, N. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Li, S. Li, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with a Cr4+:YAG crystal saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2468-2472 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Chen, K. Spariosu, R. Stultz, Y. K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and A. V. Shestakov, “Cr4+:GSGG saturable absorber Q-switch for the ruby laser,” Opt. Commun. 104, 71-74 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. I. Demchuk, V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, M. G. Livshits, and B. I. Minkov, “Chromium-doped forsterite as a solid-state saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 929-930 (1992).
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  9. J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, “Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+, Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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  17. J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
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  18. J. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. Du, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155-162 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, “Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  32. Y. F. Chen, “Passive Q-switching of an intracavity frequency doubled diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/KTP green laser with Cr4+:YAG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1481-1483 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  33. N. N. Il’ichev, E. S. Gulyamova, and P. P. Pashinin, “Passive Q-switching of a neodymium laser by a Cr4+:YAG crystal switch,” Quantum Electron. 27, 972-977 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2002 (1)

2001 (6)

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, “Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, H. R. Yang, J. G. Liu, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, W. J. Xie, J. H. Gu, and K. Ueda, “Efficient and compact intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 263-266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. Du, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155-162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Wang, C. Q. Wang, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode end-pumped Q-switched high-power intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 171-174 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Du, Z. Wang, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 177-180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, “Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+, Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, J. Song, D. Shen, N. S. Kim, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers operating at 1.06 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 471-474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled 3.6 W cw Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Opt. Commun. 173, 311-314 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

Chr. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659-661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “High-power cw Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser end-pumped by a diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 164, 199-202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3-W Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241-243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Liu, S. Zhou, and Y. C. Chen, “High-power monolithic unstable-resonator solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 451-453 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, E. Piccinini, G. Reali, and G. Piccinno, “Efficient wavelength conversion with high-power passively Q-switched diode-pumped neodymium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1480-1484 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (6)

G. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “Passive Q-switching of an intracavity frequency doubled diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/KTP green laser with Cr4+:YAG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1481-1483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il’ichev, E. S. Gulyamova, and P. P. Pashinin, “Passive Q-switching of a neodymium laser by a Cr4+:YAG crystal switch,” Quantum Electron. 27, 972-977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, A. Tu¨nnermann, and H. Welling, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ring lasers, with high average output power in single-frequency operation,” Opt. Lett. 22, 706-708 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bai, N. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Li, S. Li, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with a Cr4+:YAG crystal saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2468-2472 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (4)

P. Wang, S. H. Zhou, K. K. Lee, and Y. C. Chen, “Picosecond laser pulse generation in a monolithic self-Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 114, 439-441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Cd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890-1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic charac-terization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill III, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched picosecond microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1427-1429 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

W. Chen, K. Spariosu, R. Stultz, Y. K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and A. V. Shestakov, “Cr4+:GSGG saturable absorber Q-switch for the ruby laser,” Opt. Commun. 104, 71-74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. I. Demchuk, V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, M. G. Livshits, and B. I. Minkov, “Chromium-doped forsterite as a solid-state saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 929-930 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071-1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220-2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Qswitched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

G. D. Boldwin, “Output power calculations for a continuously pumped Q-switched YAG:Nd3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 220-224 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, E. Piccinini, G. Reali, and G. Piccinno, “Efficient wavelength conversion with high-power passively Q-switched diode-pumped neodymium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1480-1484 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

Bass, M.

G. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, K. Spariosu, R. Stultz, Y. K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and A. V. Shestakov, “Cr4+:GSGG saturable absorber Q-switch for the ruby laser,” Opt. Commun. 104, 71-74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boldwin, G. D.

G. D. Boldwin, “Output power calculations for a continuously pumped Q-switched YAG:Nd3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 220-224 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. L.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, “Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+, Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, K. Spariosu, R. Stultz, Y. K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and A. V. Shestakov, “Cr4+:GSGG saturable absorber Q-switch for the ruby laser,” Opt. Commun. 104, 71-74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

H. Liu, S. Zhou, and Y. C. Chen, “High-power monolithic unstable-resonator solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 451-453 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, S. H. Zhou, K. K. Lee, and Y. C. Chen, “Picosecond laser pulse generation in a monolithic self-Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 114, 439-441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, “Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “Passive Q-switching of an intracavity frequency doubled diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/KTP green laser with Cr4+:YAG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1481-1483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890-1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Qswitched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, E. Piccinini, G. Reali, and G. Piccinno, “Efficient wavelength conversion with high-power passively Q-switched diode-pumped neodymium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1480-1484 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Demchuk, M. I.

Deng, P.

Dill III, C.

Dong, J.

Du, C.

J. Liu, C. Du, Z. Wang, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 177-180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. Du, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155-162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

Gu, J. H.

D. Y. Shen, H. R. Yang, J. G. Liu, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, W. J. Xie, J. H. Gu, and K. Ueda, “Efficient and compact intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 263-266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gulyamova, E. S.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. S. Gulyamova, and P. P. Pashinin, “Passive Q-switching of a neodymium laser by a Cr4+:YAG crystal switch,” Quantum Electron. 27, 972-977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Huang, M. F.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic charac-terization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071-1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Il’ichev, N. N.

N. N. Il’ichev, E. S. Gulyamova, and P. P. Pashinin, “Passive Q-switching of a neodymium laser by a Cr4+:YAG crystal switch,” Quantum Electron. 27, 972-977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic charac-terization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071-1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18-27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Du, Z. Wang, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 177-180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Wang, C. Q. Wang, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode end-pumped Q-switched high-power intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 171-174 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Chr. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659-661 (1999).
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[CrossRef]

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J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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D. Y. Shen, H. R. Yang, J. G. Liu, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, W. J. Xie, J. H. Gu, and K. Ueda, “Efficient and compact intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 263-266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Cd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
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[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Du, Z. Wang, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 177-180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. Du, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155-162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled 3.6 W cw Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Opt. Commun. 173, 311-314 (2000).
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J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3-W Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241-243 (1999).
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J. Liu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “High-power cw Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser end-pumped by a diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 164, 199-202 (1999).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (6)

Chr. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659-661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3-W Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241-243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, H. R. Yang, J. G. Liu, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, W. J. Xie, J. H. Gu, and K. Ueda, “Efficient and compact intracavity-frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 263-266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Liu, C. Wang, C. Q. Wang, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode end-pumped Q-switched high-power intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 171-174 (2001).
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[CrossRef]

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Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Liu, X. Yu, X. Xu, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.06 μm formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L978-L980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (5)

J. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. Du, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155-162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled 3.6 W cw Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser,” Opt. Commun. 173, 311-314 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “High-power cw Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser end-pumped by a diode-laser-array,” Opt. Commun. 164, 199-202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, K. Spariosu, R. Stultz, Y. K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and A. V. Shestakov, “Cr4+:GSGG saturable absorber Q-switch for the ruby laser,” Opt. Commun. 104, 71-74 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

J. Liu, C. Du, Z. Wang, L. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser formed with a flat-flat resonator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 177-180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Quantum Electron. (2)

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Cd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il’ichev, E. S. Gulyamova, and P. P. Pashinin, “Passive Q-switching of a neodymium laser by a Cr4+:YAG crystal switch,” Quantum Electron. 27, 972-977 (1997).
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Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071-1072 (1992).
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Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 1024–1028.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/Cr4+:YAG laser formed by a plano–concave resonator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power versus absorbed pump power for two different output couplings, T=20% and T=40%; cw output powers are also presented for comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope trace displaying the appearance of the second laser pulse, taken at an absorbed pump power of 9.4 W when a T=10% output coupler was employed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorbed pump power as a function of the incident pump power, showing obvious saturation behavior at high pump-power levels.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of pulse repetition frequency on the absorbed pump power for two output couplings, T=20% and T=40%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Variation of pulse width with absorbed pump power for two output couplings, T=20% and T=40%.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Profile of a laser pulse generated under the highest absorbed pump power of 11.4 W when the output coupling was 40% and the pulse width (FWHM) was 13 ns. (b) Train of laser pulses corresponding the pulse illustrated in (a).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Variation of single-pulse energy and peak power with absorbed pump power; the output coupling was 40%.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dependence of single-pulse energy and peak power on output coupling; the absorbed pump power was fixed at 8.5 W.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a), (b) Oscillating mode radii in the laser crystal (Wlc) and in the absorber (Wa) as a function of fT for three magnitudes of fTa, where fT and fTa are, respectively, the focal length of the equivalent thermal lens generated in the laser crystal and in the absorbing medium. fTa=infinity corresponds to the situation in which no thermal lensing occurs.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Variation of the ratio A/Aa with fT for three magnitudes of fTa, where fT and fTa have the same meanings as in Fig. 10.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) Comparison of the output characteristics that correspond to the first and the modified cavities. The output coupling used was T=40%. (b) Dependence of pulse width and PRF on absorbed pump power for the first and the modified cavities. The output coupling used was T=40%.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Mode radii in the laser crystal (Wlc) and in the absorber (Wa) as functions of thermal focal length fT for a fixed fTa=500 mm.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Variation of ratio A/Aa with fT for three magnitudes of fTa for the modified resonator configuration in which the absorber was moved closer to the laser crystal.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Operational Parameters of the Passively Q -switched Nd:GdVO4/Cr4+:YAG Laser at an Absorbed Pump Power of 8.5 W for Two Particular Resonators a

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dndt=KP-nτ,
nfnidnn-KτP=0tp-dtτ,
tp=τ ln1-nf/KτP1-ni/KτP.
K=nth/τPth,
2σnthl=ln(1/R)+ln(1/T02)+L,
PRF=τ lnr-nf/nir-1-1,
1-nfni+nt0nilnnfni-1α1-nt0ni1-nfniα=0,
nt0ni=δ ln(1/T02)+ln(1/R)+Lln(1/T02)+ln(1/R)+L,
PRFτ lnrr-1-1.
ln(1/T02)ln(1/T02)+ln(1/R)+LσaσAAa>γ1-δ,
σaσAAa>3.

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