Abstract

We have performed short-pulse laser-irradiated gas puff target experiments to generate a neonlike argon soft-x-ray laser by using a small laser system. A high-pressure solenoid valve forms a gas column through a narrow slit that is irradiated by two laser pulses containing 10 J of energy. Strong lasing is observed on two transitions, the 3p 1S03s 1P1 line at 46.9 nm and the 3d 1P13p 1P1 line at 45.1 nm. We present results from a systematic study in which the gas puff and laser conditions were varied to optimize the x-ray-laser output from a 0.9-cm-long gas column.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).
  21. J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Nilsen, Y. Li, and J. Dunn, “Modeling picosecond-laser-driven neonlike titanium x-ray laser experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1084–1092 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self photopumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

J. Nilsen, Y. Li, and J. Dunn, “Modeling picosecond-laser-driven neonlike titanium x-ray laser experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1084–1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (4)

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

1997 (2)

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self photopumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and E. E. Fill, “Travelling wave excitation of an x-ray laser medium,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 258–264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Yu. V. Afanas’ev and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Formation of a population inversion of transitions in Ne-like ions in steady-state and transient plasmas,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1606–1612 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

Afanas’ev, Yu. V.

Yu. V. Afanas’ev and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Formation of a population inversion of transitions in Ne-like ions in steady-state and transient plasmas,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1606–1612 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Albert, F.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arisawa, T.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barbee Jr., T. W.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bartnick, A.

Bartnik, A.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benware, B. R.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blanchot, N.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cortázar, O. D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Da Silva, L. B.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danson, C.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, J.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

J. Nilsen, Y. Li, and J. Dunn, “Modeling picosecond-laser-driven neonlike titanium x-ray laser experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1084–1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eker, G.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A. Ya.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

Fiedorowicz, H.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fill, E. E.

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and E. E. Fill, “Travelling wave excitation of an x-ray laser medium,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 258–264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fourcade, P.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hartshorn, D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, N.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, J. R.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

Jaegle, P.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jamelot, G.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kalachnikov, M.

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawachi, T.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Klisnick, A.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kmetik, V.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, R.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koike, F.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuba, J.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, C. L. S.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, Y. Li, and J. Dunn, “Modeling picosecond-laser-driven neonlike titanium x-ray laser experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1084–1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Linford, G. J.

Lopez-Urrutia, J. R. Crespo

J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and E. E. Fill, “Travelling wave excitation of an x-ray laser medium,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 258–264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Löwenthal, F.

R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchietto, C. D.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacPhee, A. G.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McCabe, S.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miquel, J.-L.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, C. H.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J. C.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murai, K.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagashima, K.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Namba, S.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P.

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

J. Nilsen, Y. Li, and J. Dunn, “Modeling picosecond-laser-driven neonlike titanium x-ray laser experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1084–1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self photopumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ninomiya, S.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Rourke, R. M. N.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oshikane, Y.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osterheld, A. L.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peressini, E. R.

Pert, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pikuz, T. A.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

Rocca, J. J.

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ros, D.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rus, B.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sakaya, N.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnürer, M.

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, R.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

Shlyaptsev, V.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnick, J. Dunn, R. F. Smith, J. R. Hunter, J. Nilsen, A. L. Osterheld, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Demonstration of a neonlike argon soft x-ray laser with a picosecond-laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1403–1405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Afanas’ev and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Formation of a population inversion of transitions in Ne-like ions in steady-state and transient plasmas,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1606–1612 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. F.

Sooy, W. R.

Spaeth, M. L.

Stewart, R. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

Sukegawa, K.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Szczurek, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, J.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takabe, H.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takagi, M.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tallents, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tomasel, F. G.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tommasini, R.

R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wark, J. S.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

White, W. E.

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilhein, T.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, E.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wyart, J.-F.

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, G.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

AIP Conf. Proc. (1)

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. R. Hunter, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, and R. E. Stewart, “High gain x-ray lasers pumped by transient collisional excitation,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas: 11th APS Topical Conference, E. Oks and M. S. Pindzola, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. CP443, 106–117 (1998).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, Y. Li, J. Nilsen, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Transient collisional excitation x-ray lasers with 1-ps tabletop drivers,” in Short Wavelength Lasers and Applications, J. G. Eden and J. J. Rocca, eds., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1441–1446 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. IV (1)

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, Y. Li, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated output tabletop x-ray lasers,” J. Phys. IV 11, Pr2–19–Pr2–26 (2001).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Lu, T. Kawachi, M. Suzuki, K. Sukegawa, S. Namba, M. Tanaka, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, T. Arisawa, Y. Kato, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Demonstration of a transient high gain soft x-ray laser for neon-like argon,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 41, L133–L135 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Ros, H. Fiedorowicz, B. Rus, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, G. Jamelot, F. Albert, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, A. Klisnick, S. Sebban, and P. Zeitoun, “Investigation of XUV amplification with Ni-like xenon ions using laser-produced gas puff plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 153, 368–374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, H. Daido, N. Sakaya, V. Kmetik, Y. Kato, M. Suzuki, M. Matsumura, J. Tajima, T. Nakayama, and T. Wilhein, “Investigation of soft x-ray emission from a gas puff target irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 103–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

J. Kuba, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, P. Fourcade, and G. Jamelot, J.-L. Miquel, N. Blanchot, and J.-F. Wyart, “Two-color transient pumping in Ni-like silver at 13.9 and 16.1 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043808–1–043808–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self photopumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47–R50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Tommasini, F. Löwenthal, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturation in a Ni-like Pd soft-x-ray laser at 14.7 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1577–1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Nilsen, J. Lin, T. W. Barbee, Jr., C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, R. M. N. O’Rourke, G. J. Pert, R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. S. Wark, and E. Wolfrum, “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3856–3859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for laser-driven tabletop, transient Ni-like ion x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnürer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dunn, A. L. Osterheld, R. Shepherd, W. E. White, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and R. E. Stewart, “Demonstration of x-ray amplification in transient gain nickel-like palladium scheme,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2825–2828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. Li, P. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Benware, C. D. Macchietto, C. H. Moreno, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of a high average power tabletop soft x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5804–5807 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, and J. L. A. Chilla, “Demonstration of a discharge pumped table-top soft-x-ray laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192–2195 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and E. E. Fill, “Travelling wave excitation of an x-ray laser medium,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 258–264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. V. Afanas’ev and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Formation of a population inversion of transitions in Ne-like ions in steady-state and transient plasmas,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1606–1612 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

On-axis spectra for laser-irradiated gas puff plasma of 0.5-, 0.7-, and 0.9-cm lengths. The vertical scales of the spectra are offset for clarity. Two lasing transitions, 3p 1S03s 1P1 at 46.9 nm and 3d 1P13p 1P1 at 45.1 nm, show strong amplification.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Neonlike argon 3p 1S03s 1P1 (open circles) and 3d 1P13p 1P1 (filled circles) x-ray-laser intensity versus plasma column length. Fits to the Linford formula are shown by the solid and dashed curves, with a small-signal gain of 10.6±1.0 cm-1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of neonlike argon 3p 1S03s 1P1 (open circles) and 3d 1P13p 1P1 (filled circles) x-ray-laser intensity on peak-to-peak separation time Δt between the two laser pulses for 0.9-cm targets.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Integrated intensity ratio of the two laser lines, 3d3p/3p3s, as a function of the normalized 3p3s intensity for 0.9-cm targets. Vertical line, mean value of 3p3s integrated intensity for all data shots. Horizontal line, mean ratio value of 0.623.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Integrated intensity ratio of the two laser lines, 3d3p/3p3s, as a function of plasma length. The error bar on the 0.9-cm data point represents one standard deviation of the measured values.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intensity versus angle for a lineout of the spectrum from a 0.9-cm gas puff target, showing the deflection angle and divergence of the two neonlike argon x-ray-laser lines. The on-axis angle corresponds to 0 mrad. The 3d3p line is displaced vertically for clarity.

Metrics