Abstract

Self- and cross-phase modulation in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator (SPOPO) was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. Cubic nonlinearity, group-velocity walk-off, group-velocity dispersion, quadratic broadening, and parametric interaction with depletion and backconversion were included in the theoretical investigation. It was found that asymmetry of the spectrally broadened SPOPO pulses is caused by cross-phase modulation introduced by the pump pulses. Experimental studies of the effects of pumping intensity and cavity detuning on spectral broadening and pulse compression were performed. Excellent agreement between numerical and experimental results was found in the giant-pulse-compression mode of operation. A train of 1.7-ps pulses at 527 nm synchronously pumped the SPOPO based on KDP with type II phase matching.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2000 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419–1427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (5)

1994 (3)

1993 (6)

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

K. Wolfrum, R. Leanen, and A. Laubereau, “Intense bandwidth- and diffraction-limited picosecond pulses with large tuning range,” Opt. Commun. 97, 41–46 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. R. A. Malcon, and A. J. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and A. Piskarskas, eds, feature on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–2243 (1993).

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, “Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1990 (2)

1989 (2)

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, and K. Staliuŭnas, “Possible generation of of femtosecond pulses in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Sov. Phys. Collect. 28, 75–79 (1988).

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

W. Kaiser, and A. Seilmeier, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2700 and 32, 000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 112–119 (1980).

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomopnian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behaviour of an individual picosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

R. E. Weisman and S. A. Rice, “Tunable infrared ultrashort pulses from a mode-locked parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 19, 28–32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, and N. Blombergen, “Dielectric-breakdown threshold and nonlinear-refractive-index measurements with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 7006–7014 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Allan, G. R.

Andrews, J. H.

Banfi, G. P.

Bareika, B.

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, and N. Blombergen, “Dielectric-breakdown threshold and nonlinear-refractive-index measurements with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 7006–7014 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Blombergen, N.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, and N. Blombergen, “Dielectric-breakdown threshold and nonlinear-refractive-index measurements with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 7006–7014 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer and A. Piskarskas, eds, feature on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–2243 (1993).

Chen, L. P.

Cheung, E. C.

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419–1427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, “Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

Diels, J.-C.

Dikchyus, G.

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Drabovich, K. N.

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Driel, H. M.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Edelstein, D. C.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. J.

Fu, Q.

Gaižauskas, E.

E. Gaižauskas and K. Staliuŭnas, “On the optimal conditions for the selforganization in three wave nonlinear coupling,” Opt. Commun. 114, 463–469 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, and K. Staliuŭnas, “Possible generation of of femtosecond pulses in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Sov. Phys. Collect. 28, 75–79 (1988).

Gardziulis, K.

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

Grigonis, R.

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gyuzalian, R. N.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomopnian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behaviour of an individual picosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hache, A.

Hagen, D. J.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, G. J.

Hanna, D. C.

Horvath, Z. G.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomopnian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behaviour of an individual picosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ibragimov, E.

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, J.

Jaseviciute, J.

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kabelka, V.

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser, and A. Seilmeier, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2700 and 32, 000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 112–119 (1980).

Kaup, D. J.

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khaydarov, J. D.

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khaydarov, J. D. V.

Kovrygin, A. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kuizenga, D. J.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

K. Wolfrum, R. Leanen, and A. Laubereau, “Intense bandwidth- and diffraction-limited picosecond pulses with large tuning range,” Opt. Commun. 97, 41–46 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leanen, R.

K. Wolfrum, R. Leanen, and A. Laubereau, “Intense bandwidth- and diffraction-limited picosecond pulses with large tuning range,” Opt. Commun. 97, 41–46 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Mak, G.

Malcon, G. R. A.

McCarthy, M. J.

Menyuk, C. R.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelouch, W. S.

Phillion, D. W.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, “Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1753–1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, “Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and A. Piskarskas, eds, feature on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–2243 (1993).

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, and K. Staliuŭnas, “Possible generation of of femtosecond pulses in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Sov. Phys. Collect. 28, 75–79 (1988).

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

Rice, S. A.

R. E. Weisman and S. A. Rice, “Tunable infrared ultrashort pulses from a mode-locked parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 19, 28–32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

Robertson, A.

Segev, M.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419–1427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Seilmeier, A.

W. Kaiser, and A. Seilmeier, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2700 and 32, 000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 112–119 (1980).

Siegman, A. E.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “Pulse compression mechanism in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2199–2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch,” Opt. Lett. 19, 831–833 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “20-fold pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 1614–1616 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sinkevicius, G.

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

Sinkyavichyus, G.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevicius, V.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, and N. Blombergen, “Dielectric-breakdown threshold and nonlinear-refractive-index measurements with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 7006–7014 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sogomopnian, S. B.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomopnian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behaviour of an individual picosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stabinis, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, “Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Staliuunas, K.

E. Gaižauskas and K. Staliuŭnas, “On the optimal conditions for the selforganization in three wave nonlinear coupling,” Opt. Commun. 114, 463–469 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, and K. Staliuŭnas, “Possible generation of of femtosecond pulses in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Sov. Phys. Collect. 28, 75–79 (1988).

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419–1427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Struthers, A. A.

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suchorukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

Torner, L.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torruellas, W. E.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umbrasas, A.

A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, “Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1753–1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, M.

Van Stryland, E. W.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wachman, E. S.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisman, R. E.

R. E. Weisman and S. A. Rice, “Tunable infrared ultrashort pulses from a mode-locked parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 19, 28–32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, K.

K. Wolfrum, R. Leanen, and A. Laubereau, “Intense bandwidth- and diffraction-limited picosecond pulses with large tuning range,” Opt. Commun. 97, 41–46 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yasevichyute, Ya.

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Kaiser, and A. Seilmeier, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2700 and 32, 000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 112–119 (1980).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “20-fold pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 1614–1616 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Suchorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419–1427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (8)

E. C. Cheung and J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “Pulse compression mechanism in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2199–2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Hache, G. R. Allan, and M. van Driel, “Effects of cavity detuning on the pulse characteristics of a femtosecond synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2209–2213 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Chen, Y. Wang, and J. M. Liu, “Singly resonant op-tical parametric oscillator sinchronously pumped by frequency-doubled additive-pulse mode-locked Nd:YLF laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2192–2198 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. R. A. Malcon, and A. J. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and A. Piskarskas, eds, feature on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–2243 (1993).

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, “Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lith. Phys. J. (1)

K. Gardziulis, R. Grigonis, J. Jaseviciute, G. Sinkevicius, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Picosecond OPO with nonresonant pump reflection,” Lith. Phys. J. 33, 296–300 (1993).

Opt. Commun. (5)

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomopnian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behaviour of an individual picosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Weisman and S. A. Rice, “Tunable infrared ultrashort pulses from a mode-locked parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 19, 28–32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Wolfrum, R. Leanen, and A. Laubereau, “Intense bandwidth- and diffraction-limited picosecond pulses with large tuning range,” Opt. Commun. 97, 41–46 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Gaižauskas and K. Staliuŭnas, “On the optimal conditions for the selforganization in three wave nonlinear coupling,” Opt. Commun. 114, 463–469 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, and N. Blombergen, “Dielectric-breakdown threshold and nonlinear-refractive-index measurements with picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 7006–7014 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

E. Ibragimov, A. A. Struthers, D. J. Kaup, J. D. Khaydarov, and K. D. Singer, “Three-wave interaction solitons in optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 6122–6137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagen, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, “Observation of two-dimensional spatial solitary waves in a quadratic medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036–5039 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (5)

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Highly stable subpicosecond neodymium (Nd3+) glass laser with passive mode locking and negative feedback,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034–1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, and Ya. Yasevichyute, “Generation of subpicosecond continuously frequency-tunable infrared pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1507–1510 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Bareika, G. Dikchyus, A. Piskarskas, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Parametric generation of picosecond radiation with high spectral q factor and diffraction-limit divergence in a resonator by mode-locked pumping,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1277–1279 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Collect. (1)

E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, and K. Staliuŭnas, “Possible generation of of femtosecond pulses in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Sov. Phys. Collect. 28, 75–79 (1988).

Other (4)

A. Laubereau, “Optical nonlinearities with ultrashort pulses,” in Ultrashort Laser Pulses and Applications, W. Kaiser, ed., Vol. 60 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), pp. 35–112.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Pulsed parametric oscillators,” in Laser Sources and Applications, A. Miller and D. M. Finlayson, eds. (NATO Advanced Study Institute, location, 1996), pp. 228–254.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jaseviciute, Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983).

Y. R. Shen, The Nonlinear Optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Generation efficiency and pulse duration of the signal in a SPOPO versus cavity mismatch. 1.7-ps pulses with an intensity twice that of the generation threshold are used for pumping in a 4-cm-long KDP crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation functions of the signal intensities for some cavity mismatches ΔL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated intensity profiles for the generated signal wave of a SPOPO at several cavity mismatches. Generation of additional solitary pulses when the cavity mismatch grows should be noted.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated spectral intensities of signal and idler fields after 30 round trips in a resonator at a pump intensity of 4 GW/cm2, i.e. twice, the generation threshold, (a) in the absence of XPM terms and (b) when full third-order nonlinearity is taken into account.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated pump spectra profiles at the SPOPO output (solid curve). The initial pump spectrum and the spectrum broadened owing to SPM in the KDP crystal are shown by dotted and dashed curves, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup of the SPOPO: BS, beam splitters; SP, spectrometer; SSNA, single-shot autocorrelator.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of 1, the total (signal plus SPOPO idler pulse) energy and 2, the resonated signal-pulse duration on the SPOPO cavity-length mismatch. Zero cavity-length mismatch is linked to the SPOPO cavity length at which the signal pulse’s energy is maximum.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Oscillograms (a) of the pump and of SPOPO pulse trains at SPOPO cavity-length mismatches of (b) -6 µm, (c) +2 µm, and (d) +35 µm in accordance with curve 1 of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Spectral width of the pump pulse with wavelength 532 nm at (a) SPOPO crystal input and at outputs at pump pulse intensities of (a), (b) 1.2Ith, (c) 2Ith, and (d) 3Ith. Two curves in (b)–(d) represent the pump pulse spectrum when oscillation in SPOPO is prevented (dashed curves) and allowed (solid curves).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a)–(c) SPOPO signal and (d)–(f) SPOPO idler pulse-spectrum broadening by XPM at pump pulse intensities (a), (d) 1.2Ith, (b), (e) 2Ith, and (c), (f) 3Ith.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Autocorrelation functions of the resonated signal pulse at several cavity-length mismatches.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Statistical distribution of the resonated signal pulse HWFM duration at SPOPO cavity-length mismatch -6 µm (black bars) and +2 µm (gray bars) according to curve 1 of Fig. 7.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Autocorrelation functions of the nonresonated idler pulse at several cavity-length mismatches.

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E(rt)=½ i=1,2,3 Ai exp(ikir-iωit)+c.c.,
P(NL)(r, t)=χ(2)E2(r, t)+χ(3)E3(r, t).
P1(NL)(rt)=½[χ(2)A2A3*+¾χ(3)(|A1|2+2|A2|2+2|A3|2)A1]exp(ik1r-iω1t)+c.c.,
P2(NL)(rt)=½[χ(2)A1A3*+¾χ(3)(2|A1|2+|A2|2+2|A3|2)A2]exp(ik2r-iω2t)+c.c.,
P3(NL)(rt)=½[χ(2)A2A3*+¾χ(3)(2|A1|2+2|A2|2+|A3|2)A1]exp(ik3r-iω3t)+c.c.
A1z+ν13 A1t+id1 2A12t
=i ω1χ(2)2n1cA3A2* exp(-iΔkz)
+i 3ω1χ(3)8n1cA1(|A1|2+2|A2|2+2|A3|2),
A2z+ν23 A2t+id2 2A22t
=i ω2χ(2)2n2cA3A2* exp(iΔkz)
+i 3ω2χ(3)8n2cA2(2|A1|2+|A2|2+2|A3|2),
A3z+id3 2A32t
=i ω3χ(2)2n3cA1A2 exp(iΔkz)
+i 3ω3χ(3)8n3cA3(2|A1|2+2|A2|2+|A3|2),
σ(3)=3πnNL[A3(0)]2zNL2λ3.
A1(i+1)(0, t)=RA1(i)(L, t),
A2(i+1)(0, t)=A1(0)(0, t)=A3(1)(0, t),
A3(i+1)(0, t)=A3(0)(0, t)=A3(0) exp-t22 ln 2τL2.

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