Abstract

An optical pulse-shaping system using an electro-optic modulator driven by an aperture-coupled-stripline (ACSL) electrical-waveform generator has been developed. The ACSL electrical-waveform generator consists of two electrical striplines stacked and coupled through an aperture layer. By changing the aperture layer, the pulse-shaping system is capable of producing arbitrarily shaped optical pulses with 100-ps structure over a 1- to 5-ns pulse envelope.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161–237 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Haner and W. S. Warren, “Generation of arbitrarily shaped picosecond optical pulses using an integrated electro-optic waveguide modulator,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3687–3694 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. C. Burkhart and R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulse shape synthesis via nonuniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).
  7. M. D. Skeldon and S. A. Letzring, “Pulse shaping system,” U.S. patent5,886,808 (March23, 1999).
  8. M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Modulator technical data are available at http://www.crisel-instruments.it .
  10. A. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical-waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical-waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161–237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. C. Burkhart and R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulse shape synthesis via nonuniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

Behrendt, W. C.

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

Browning, D. F.

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

Burkhart, S. C.

S. C. Burkhart and R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulse shape synthesis via nonuniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, Y.-H.

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haner, M.

Heritage, J. P.

Keck, R. L.

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T. J.

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kirschner, E. M.

Letzring, S. A.

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Skeldon and S. A. Letzring, “Pulse shaping system,” U.S. patent5,886,808 (March23, 1999).

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Okishev, A.

A. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okishev, A. V.

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

A. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W. D.

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skeldon, M. D.

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical-waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Skeldon and S. A. Letzring, “Pulse shaping system,” U.S. patent5,886,808 (March23, 1999).

Skupsky, S.

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Speck, D. R.

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

Warren, W. S.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161–237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R. B.

S. C. Burkhart and R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulse shape synthesis via nonuniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

S. C. Burkhart and R. B. Wilcox, “Arbitrary pulse shape synthesis via nonuniform transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 38, 1514–1518 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Letzring, and Y.-H. Chuang, “Laser-beam pulse shaping using spectral beam deflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2678–2685 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161–237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Inst. (1)

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical-waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Inst. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. B. Wilcox, W. C. Behrendt, D. F. Browning, D. R. Speck, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “Fusion laser oscillator and pulse forming system using integrated optics,” in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H. T. Powell and T. J. Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE1870, 53–63 (1993).

M. D. Skeldon and S. A. Letzring, “Pulse shaping system,” U.S. patent5,886,808 (March23, 1999).

M. D. Skeldon, A. V. Okishev, R. L. Keck, W. D. Seka, and S. A. Letzring, “An optical pulse-shaping system based on aperture-coupled stripline for OMEGA pulse-shaping Applications,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 131–135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Modulator technical data are available at http://www.crisel-instruments.it .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the optical pulse-shaping system. One electro-optic modulator is driven by an electrical square-pulse generator; the second is driven by an ACSL electrical-waveform generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured output optical pulse shape from the gate modulator with a square electrical waveform applied to its rf port.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ACSL consisting of two electrical striplines stacked and coupled through an aperture in their common ground plane.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross section of an ACSL device.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output of an ACSL pulse-shaping system. (a) The measured optical pulse shape from the modulator (solid curve) is compared to the designed optical pulse shape (dashed curve). (b) The measured electrical pulse shape from the ACSL (solid curve) is compared to the designed electrical pulse shape (dashed curve).

Equations (1)

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Iout(t)=Iin(t)sin2(π/2{[V(t)+Vdc]/Vπ+ϕ}),

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