Abstract

Excited-state absorption spectra obtained by a pulsed pump–probe technique specially designed for the near-UV spectral domain were recorded in three Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals (KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8). These excited-state absorption spectra correspond to optical transitions from the  3P0 or the  1D2 metastable levels of the 4f2 configuration up to the first energy levels of the 4f5d electronic configuration. The position, the anisotropic behavior, and the line shape of the observed excited-state absorption bands are discussed and compared with ground-state absorption (from level  3H4) or direct excitation spectra available in the literature. Subsequently, two-step excitation into the 4f5d high-lying energy levels of Pr3 by means of  3P0 and  1D2 is shown to be an efficient way to produce broadband UV fluorescence by use of pump beams in the blue and the near UV.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998 (2)

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. C. Krupa and M. Queffelec, “UV and VUV optical excitations in wide band gap materials doped with rare earth ions: 4f–5d transitions,” J. Alloys Compd. 250, 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

1993 (2)

J. K. Lawson and S. A. Payne, “Excited-state absorption of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 2, 225–232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ki-Loo Sim and D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLiF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii and S. E. Sarkisov, “Stimulated-emission spectroscopy of Pr3+ ions in monoclinic BaY2F8 fluoride,” Phys. Status Solidi A 97, K163–K168 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, “Optical absorption and emission of LiYF4:Pr3+,” J. Lumin. 33, 391–407 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

B. M. Antipenko, “Spectroscopic properties of the system BaYb2F8: rare earth ions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 56, 72–77 (1984).

1980 (2)

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Erlich, P. F. Moulton, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., “Optically pumped Ce:LaF3 laser at 286 nm,” Opt. Lett. 5, 339–341 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

D. J. Erlich, P. F. Moulton, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., “Ultraviolet solid-state Ce:YLF laser at 325 nm,” Opt. Lett. 4, 184–186 (1979).
[CrossRef]

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. H. Yang and J. A. Deluca, “Vacuum-ultraviolet excitation studies of 5d14fn−1 to 4fn and 4fn to 4fn transitions of Nd3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped trifluorides,” Phys. Rev. B 17, 4246–4255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

W. W. Piper, J. A. DeLuca, and F. S. Ham, “Cascade fluorescence decay in Pr3+-doped fluorides: achievement of a quantum yield greater than unity for emission of visible light,” J. Lumin. 8, 344–348 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

T. Hoshina and S. Z. Kuboniwa, “4f–5d transition of Tb3+ and Ce3+ in MPO4 (M=Sc, Y and Lu),” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 31, 828–840 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965 (2)

J. Sugar, “Analysis of the spectrum of triply ionized Praseodymium (PrIV),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1058–1061 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaplyanski and A. K. Przhevuskii, “Deformation splitting and enhancement of spectral lines and structure of excited levels of Eu2+ in alkali-earth fluoride crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. 19, 331–338 (1965).

Abdulsabirov, R. Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Yu.

E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, M. A. Dubinskii, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semasko, “VUV and UV fluorescence and absorption studies of Pr3+-doped LiLuF4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 499–501 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, “Optical absorption and emission of LiYF4:Pr3+,” J. Lumin. 33, 391–407 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R. E.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Antipenko, B. M.

B. M. Antipenko, “Spectroscopic properties of the system BaYb2F8: rare earth ions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 56, 72–77 (1984).

Bartoli, F. J.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Belt, R. F.

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Castillo, V.

Cefalas, A. C.

Chai, B. H. T.

Chernov, S. P.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Danger, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Deluca, J. A.

K. H. Yang and J. A. Deluca, “Vacuum-ultraviolet excitation studies of 5d14fn−1 to 4fn and 4fn to 4fn transitions of Nd3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped trifluorides,” Phys. Rev. B 17, 4246–4255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Piper, J. A. DeLuca, and F. S. Ham, “Cascade fluorescence decay in Pr3+-doped fluorides: achievement of a quantum yield greater than unity for emission of visible light,” J. Lumin. 8, 344–348 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Devyatkova, L. I.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M. A.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, M. A. Dubinskii, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semasko, “VUV and UV fluorescence and absorption studies of Pr3+-doped LiLuF4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 499–501 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Edamatsu, K.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Erlich, D. J.

Esterowitz, L.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, and G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gabbe, D. R.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, “Optical absorption and emission of LiYF4:Pr3+,” J. Lumin. 33, 391–407 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gayen, S. K.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gesland, J. Y.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghen, R. D.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ham, F. S.

W. W. Piper, J. A. DeLuca, and F. S. Ham, “Cascade fluorescence decay in Pr3+-doped fluorides: achievement of a quantum yield greater than unity for emission of visible light,” J. Lumin. 8, 344–348 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, D. S.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ki-Loo Sim and D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLiF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hoshina, T.

T. Hoshina and S. Z. Kuboniwa, “4f–5d transition of Tb3+ and Ce3+ in MPO4 (M=Sc, Y and Lu),” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 31, 828–840 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, O. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii and S. E. Sarkisov, “Stimulated-emission spectroscopy of Pr3+ ions in monoclinic BaY2F8 fluoride,” Phys. Status Solidi A 97, K163–K168 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kaplyanski, A. A.

A. A. Kaplyanski and A. K. Przhevuskii, “Deformation splitting and enhancement of spectral lines and structure of excited levels of Eu2+ in alkali-earth fluoride crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. 19, 331–338 (1965).

Klein, P. H.

W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Korableva, S. L.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, M. A. Dubinskii, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semasko, “VUV and UV fluorescence and absorption studies of Pr3+-doped LiLuF4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 499–501 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krupa, J. C.

J. C. Krupa and M. Queffelec, “UV and VUV optical excitations in wide band gap materials doped with rare earth ions: 4f–5d transitions,” J. Alloys Compd. 250, 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Kuboniwa, S. Z.

T. Hoshina and S. Z. Kuboniwa, “4f–5d transition of Tb3+ and Ce3+ in MPO4 (M=Sc, Y and Lu),” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 31, 828–840 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, J. K.

J. K. Lawson and S. A. Payne, “Excited-state absorption of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 2, 225–232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leavitt, R. P.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

McFarlane, R. A.

Mikhailin, V. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, W. J.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Minkov, B. I.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, C. A.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Naumov, A. K.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, M. A. Dubinskii, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semasko, “VUV and UV fluorescence and absorption studies of Pr3+-doped LiLuF4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 499–501 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nicolaides, C. A.

Osgood Jr., R. M.

Payne, S. A.

Pedrini, C.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. F.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, and G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Piper, W. W.

W. W. Piper, J. A. DeLuca, and F. S. Ham, “Cascade fluorescence decay in Pr3+-doped fluorides: achievement of a quantum yield greater than unity for emission of visible light,” J. Lumin. 8, 344–348 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pogatshnik, G. J.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Przhevuskii, A. K.

A. A. Kaplyanski and A. K. Przhevuskii, “Deformation splitting and enhancement of spectral lines and structure of excited levels of Eu2+ in alkali-earth fluoride crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. 19, 331–338 (1965).

Quarles, G. J.

Queffelec, M.

J. C. Krupa and M. Queffelec, “UV and VUV optical excitations in wide band gap materials doped with rare earth ions: 4f–5d transitions,” J. Alloys Compd. 250, 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rambaldi, P.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renfro, G. M.

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, G. H.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, and G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rudnev, S. N.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sarantopoulou, E.

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii and S. E. Sarkisov, “Stimulated-emission spectroscopy of Pr3+ ions in monoclinic BaY2F8 fluoride,” Phys. Status Solidi A 97, K163–K168 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Semashko, V. V.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Semasko, V. V.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, “Optical absorption and emission of LiYF4:Pr3+,” J. Lumin. 33, 391–407 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sim, Ki-Loo

Speth, J. A.

Sugar, J.

Suzuki, Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Uvarova, T. V.

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Waynant, W.

W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Windscheif, J. C.

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wortman, D. E.

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. H.

K. H. Yang and J. A. Deluca, “Vacuum-ultraviolet excitation studies of 5d14fn−1 to 4fn and 4fn to 4fn transitions of Nd3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped trifluorides,” Phys. Rev. B 17, 4246–4255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, and G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy and fluorescence dynamics of (Tm3+, Tb3+) and of (Tm3+, Eu3+) doped LiYF4 single crystals for 1.5 μm laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2246–2255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

J. C. Krupa and M. Queffelec, “UV and VUV optical excitations in wide band gap materials doped with rare earth ions: 4f–5d transitions,” J. Alloys Compd. 250, 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (4)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals,” J. Lumin. 71, 27–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Renfro, J. C. Windscheif, W. A. Sibley, and R. F. Belt, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ and Er3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Lumin. 22, 51–68 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Adam, W. A. Sibley, and D. R. Gabbe, “Optical absorption and emission of LiYF4:Pr3+,” J. Lumin. 33, 391–407 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Piper, J. A. DeLuca, and F. S. Ham, “Cascade fluorescence decay in Pr3+-doped fluorides: achievement of a quantum yield greater than unity for emission of visible light,” J. Lumin. 8, 344–348 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite. A new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Hoshina and S. Z. Kuboniwa, “4f–5d transition of Tb3+ and Ce3+ in MPO4 (M=Sc, Y and Lu),” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 31, 828–840 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, and J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. K. Lawson and S. A. Payne, “Excited-state absorption of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 2, 225–232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. A. Kaplyanski and A. K. Przhevuskii, “Deformation splitting and enhancement of spectral lines and structure of excited levels of Eu2+ in alkali-earth fluoride crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. 19, 331–338 (1965).

Opt. Spektrosk. (1)

B. M. Antipenko, “Spectroscopic properties of the system BaYb2F8: rare earth ions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 56, 72–77 (1984).

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, and W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photo ionization measurements from the excited-state of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortman, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line intensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Yang and J. A. Deluca, “Vacuum-ultraviolet excitation studies of 5d14fn−1 to 4fn and 4fn to 4fn transitions of Nd3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped trifluorides,” Phys. Rev. B 17, 4246–4255 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (2)

A. A. Kaminskii and S. E. Sarkisov, “Stimulated-emission spectroscopy of Pr3+ ions in monoclinic BaY2F8 fluoride,” Phys. Status Solidi A 97, K163–K168 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fn−1–4fn absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3− ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K173 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. A. Morrison, D. F. Wortman, R. P. Leavitt, and H. P. Jenssen, “Assessment of Pr3+:KY3F10 as blue–green laser,” Rep. HDL-TR 1897 (Harry Diamond Laboratories, Adelphi, Md., 1980).

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and T. J. Carrig, “Solid-state UV radiation from 223–243 nm,” in Advanced Solid State La-sers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1997), pp. 14–15.

Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, M. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet picosecond Ce3+:LiLuF4 laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1998), pp. 13–15.

J. S. Griffith, “The theory of transition-metal ions” (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1964).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature polarized ground-state absorption (GSA) spectra of Pr-doped KY3F10 and LiYF4 in the region of the  1D2 and of the (3P0,12, 1I6) energy levels.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room-temperature polarized GSA spectra of Pr:BaY2F8 in the region of the  1D2 and the (3P0,12, 1I6) energy levels.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Room-temperature 4f5d UV emission spectra of Pr-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Energy-level scheme of Pr3+:LiYF4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

ESA experimental setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

ESA spectra for Pr:KY3F10, shifted by the energies of the  3P0 and the  1D2 absorbing excited states.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

ESA spectra for Pr:LiYF4, shifted by the energies of the  3P0 and the  1D2 absorbing excited states.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

ESA spectra for Pr:BaY2F8, shifted by the energies of the  3P0 and the  1D2 absorbing excited states.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

4f5d energy levels according to the  3H44f5d GSA and according to the  3P04f5d and the  1D24f5d ESA spectra.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Temporal evolutions of the  3H4 ground state, the  3P0,1,2 excited multiplet, and the 4f5d electronic configuration populations N1, N2, and N3 after two-step excitation pumping.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Approximate Positions and Fluorescence Lifetimes of the  1D2 and the  3P0 Metastable Levels in Pr-Doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8

Tables Icon

Table 2 Splitting of the Levels with Crystal-Field Symmetry

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Iu=I0 exp[-NTσGSA(λ)],
Ip=I0 exp[-(NT-N*)σGSA(λ)l+N*σSE(λ)l-N*σESA(λ)l].
σESA(λ)-σSE(λ)-σGSA(λ)=1N*llnIuIp.
σESA(λ)=-1N*lln1-ΔIIu.
N*=EabsλphcSl,
ν¯(4f5d)=ν¯(3P0)+ν¯(3P04f5d),
ν¯(4f5d)=ν¯(1D2)+ν¯(1D24f5d)
ΓE1=Γ1(Γ1+2Γ2+2Γ3,4)=Γ1+2Γ2+2Γ3,4,
ΓE2=Γ2(Γ1+2Γ2+2Γ3,4)=Γ2+2Γ1+2Γ3,4.
G=exp{[N3σSE(λg)-N2σESA(λg)]},
N1t=N2τ2β21+N3τ3β31-E1σ1λ1τp1hcs1f1(t)N1,
N2t=-N2τ2+E1σ1λ1τp1hcs1f1(t)N1-E2σ2λ2τp2hcs2f2(t)N2,
N3t=-N3τ3+E2σ2λ2τp2hcs2f2(t)N2.

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