Abstract

The design and operation of a pulsed quasi-phase-matched periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator in the grazing incidence configuration are described. A narrow bandwidth of 0.3 cm−1 is demonstrated over most of the full tuning range of the device. Broad and rapid scanning has been achieved by rotation of a single mirror. Long-term stable operation and a pump-to-signal power efficiency of 46% are shown to be possible. Methods to improve the bandwidth are discussed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckhardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. R. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
  2. L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997), and references therein.
  3. Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, “Periodic poling of KTiOPO4 using an applied electric field,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1516–1517 (1994).
  4. H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).
  5. K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).
  6. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
  7. T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).
  8. M. J. T. Minton, T. D. Gardner, G. Chourdakis, and P. T. Woods, “Injection seeding of an infrared optical parametric oscillator with a tunable diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 281–283 (1994).
  9. G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).
  10. P. E. Powers, T. J. Kulp, and S. E. Bisson, “Continuous tuning of a cw periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator by use of a fan-out grating design,” Opt. Lett. 23, 159–161 (1998).
  11. I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).
  12. M. G. Littman and H. J. Metcalf, “Spectrally narrow pulsed dye laser without a beam expander,” Appl. Opt. 17, 2224–2227 (1978).
  13. W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716–1722 (1993).
  14. L. A. W. Gloster, I. T. McKinnie, Z. X. Jiang, T. A. King, J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, and W. Hogervorst, “Narrow-band β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator in a grazing-incidence configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2117–2121 (1995).
  15. See, for example, V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, “Properties of nonlinear optical crystals,” in Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 2nd ed., A. E. Siegman, ed. (Springer, New York, 1997), Vol. 64.
  16. “The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) chemistry webbook,” http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry.
  17. M. G. Littman, “Single-mode operation of a grazing-incidence pulsed dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 3, 138–140 (1978).
  18. J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

1998 (2)

G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).

P. E. Powers, T. J. Kulp, and S. E. Bisson, “Continuous tuning of a cw periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator by use of a fan-out grating design,” Opt. Lett. 23, 159–161 (1998).

1997 (3)

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997), and references therein.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

M. J. T. Minton, T. D. Gardner, G. Chourdakis, and P. T. Woods, “Injection seeding of an infrared optical parametric oscillator with a tunable diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 281–283 (1994).

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, “Periodic poling of KTiOPO4 using an applied electric field,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1516–1517 (1994).

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).

1978 (2)

1977 (1)

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).

Arvidsson, G.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

Barth, H. D.

G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).

Baxter, G. W.

G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).

Bente, E. A. J. M.

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

Bisson, S. E.

Boon-Engering, J. M.

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

L. A. W. Gloster, I. T. McKinnie, Z. X. Jiang, T. A. King, J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, and W. Hogervorst, “Narrow-band β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator in a grazing-incidence configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2117–2121 (1995).

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).

Byer, R. L.

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, “Periodic poling of KTiOPO4 using an applied electric field,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1516–1517 (1994).

Chourdakis, G.

Danon, N. N.

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).

Eckhardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Gardner, T. D.

Gloster, L. A. W.

Guyer, D. R.

Henriksson, P.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

Hogervorst, W.

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

L. A. W. Gloster, I. T. McKinnie, Z. X. Jiang, T. A. King, J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, and W. Hogervorst, “Narrow-band β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator in a grazing-incidence configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2117–2121 (1995).

Jiang, Z. X.

Karlsson, H.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

Kato, M.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).

Kim, H. L.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

King, T. A.

Kulp, T. J.

Laurell, F.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

Littman, M. G.

McDonald, J. D.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

McKinnie, I. T.

Metcalf, H. J.

Minton, M. J. T.

Minton, T. K.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).

Myers, L. E.

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997), and references therein.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckhardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. R. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).

Oppenheim, U. P.

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).

Orr, B. J.

G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).

Pierce, J. R.

Powers, P. E.

Reid, S. A.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Risk, W. P.

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, “Periodic poling of KTiOPO4 using an applied electric field,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1516–1517 (1994).

Shoshan, I.

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).

van der Veer, W. E.

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

L. A. W. Gloster, I. T. McKinnie, Z. X. Jiang, T. A. King, J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, and W. Hogervorst, “Narrow-band β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator in a grazing-incidence configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2117–2121 (1995).

Woods, P. T.

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

G. W. Baxter, H. D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Laser spectroscopy with a pulsed, narrowband infrared optical parametric oscillator system: a practical, modular approach,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 66, 653–657 (1998).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, “Generation of ultraviolet light by frequency doubling of a red laser diode in a first order periodically poled bulk LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201–1203 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (2)

Q. Chen and W. P. Risk, “Periodic poling of KTiOPO4 using an applied electric field,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1516–1517 (1994).

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556–557 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).

L. E. Myers and W. R. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997), and references therein.

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, “Narrowband operation of a pulsed dye laser without intracavity beam expansion,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495–4497 (1977).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, E. A. J. M. Bente, and W. Hogervorst, “Scanning and locking of a single longitudinal mode β-barium borate OPO in a grazing incidence configuration,” Opt. Commun. 136, 261–266 (1997).

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning single-mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

See, for example, V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, “Properties of nonlinear optical crystals,” in Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 2nd ed., A. E. Siegman, ed. (Springer, New York, 1997), Vol. 64.

“The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) chemistry webbook,” http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry.

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