Abstract

Oscillating photocurrents are generated in a photorefractive iron-doped barium calcium titanate crystal (Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3; BCT) by illumination with an oscillating interference pattern. Non-steady-state photocurrents arise usually from the interaction of a space-charge field with an oscillating photoconductivity pattern. However, a second-harmonic signal of the oscillating photocurrents is observed in BCT, which is present without any space-charge field. The main features of the new effect can be explained by consideration of a dynamic, i.e., time-dependent, bulk photovoltaic effect. The effect might be useful for optically addressed memories or optical correlators.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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