Abstract

A pump–probe optical switching mechanism that uses a nonlinear chiral photonic bandgap structure is proposed. The switching is achieved by shifting the bandgap of the structure; the chirality permits the use of the same frequency for the pump and the probe beam. The pump beam is never transmitted, so there is no discrimination problem. A new extension of the finite-difference time-domain technique is developed to simulate the propagation of an electromagnetic wave in a Kerr nonlinear chiral medium.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998 (1)

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

1994 (1)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

1988 (1)

1981 (1)

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. EMC-23, 1073–1077 (1981).

1966 (1)

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

Aichison, J. S.

Baek, Y.

Baumann, I.

Bloemer, M. J.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

DeLong, K. W.

Dowling, J. P.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

Firberg, S. R.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Kang, J. U.

Keller, H.

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

Krijnen, G.

Krumbugel, M. A.

Maxein, G.

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

Mur, G.

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. EMC-23, 1073–1077 (1981).

Novak, B. M.

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

Scalora, M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

Schiek, R.

Sfez, B. G.

Silberberg, Y.

Smith, P. W.

Sohler, W.

Stegeman, G. I.

Sweetser, J. N.

Tran, P.

Trebino, R.

Weiner, A. M.

Yee, K. S.

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

Zentel, R.

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

Adv. Mater. (1)

G. Maxein, H. Keller, B. M. Novak, and R. Zentel, “Opalescent cholesteric networks from chiral polyisocyanates in polystyrene,” Adv. Mater. 3, 341–345 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. (1)

G. Mur, “Absorbing boundary conditions for finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic field equations,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. EMC-23, 1073–1077 (1981).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “Optical limiting and switching of ultrashort pulses in nonlinear photonic band gap materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368–1371 (1994).

Other (1)

For a review, see H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, Orlando, 1985).

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