Abstract

An experimental demonstration is presented of large-distance (up to 6.6 cm, or 75 Rayleigh lengths) guiding of high-intensity (>1016 W cm-2) laser pulses in a plasma channel produced by a capillary discharge. Theory and simulation are used to describe damped oscillations that occur in the laser spot size as well as laser-induced ionization within the channel. Good agreement is obtained between theory, simulation, and experiment.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Stimulated backscattered harmonic generation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2021–2024 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, “Generation of stimulated backscattered harmonic radiation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5872–5782 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Suckewer and C. H. Skinner, “Progress in compact soft x-ray lasers and their applications,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30, 331–346 (1995).
  14. B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Interaction of ultrahigh laser fields with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241–2248 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1544–1546 (1995).
  22. H. R. Lange, G. Grillon, J.-F. Ripoche, M. A. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Chiron, “Anomalous long-range propagation of femosecond laser pulses through air: moving focus or pulse self-guiding,” Opt. Lett. 23, 120–122 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. G. Durfee III and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2411 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. G. Durfee III, T. R. Clark, and H. M. Milchberg, “Mode control in a two-pulse-excited plasma waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 59–67 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, “Time- and space-resolved density evolution of the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373–2376 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  35. E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  37. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  38. H. R. Griem, Spectral Line Broadening in Plasmas (Academic, New York, 1974).
  39. D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  40. W. L. Kruer, The Physics of Laser Plasma Interactions (Addison-Wesley, Redwood City, Calif., 1988), Chap. 5.
  41. S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhoffer, D. Strickland, and S. L. Chin, “Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 858–867 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (7)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, “Time- and space-resolved density evolution of the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373–2376 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (13)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, T. R. Clark, and H. M. Milchberg, “Mode control in a two-pulse-excited plasma waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 59–67 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (6)

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1544–1546 (1995).

S. Suckewer and C. H. Skinner, “Progress in compact soft x-ray lasers and their applications,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30, 331–346 (1995).

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2411 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, “Generation of stimulated backscattered harmonic radiation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5872–5782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Interaction of ultrahigh laser fields with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241–2248 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Stimulated backscattered harmonic generation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2021–2024 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhoffer, D. Strickland, and S. L. Chin, “Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 858–867 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Amemdt, P.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Antonsen, T. M.

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S.

Baine, M.

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barringer, L.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borghesi, M.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Burnett, K.

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burris, H. R.

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, E. M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Y.

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

Chiron, A.

Christov, I. P.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, “Time- and space-resolved density evolution of the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373–2376 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, T. R. Clark, and H. M. Milchberg, “Mode control in a two-pulse-excited plasma waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 59–67 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, C. E.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, C.

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dangor, A. E.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Darrow, C. B.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DaSilva, L. B.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, C.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donnelly, T. D.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Downer, M.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Durfee III, C. G.

C. G. Durfee III, T. R. Clark, and H. M. Milchberg, “Mode control in a two-pulse-excited plasma waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 59–67 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee III and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2411 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eder, D. C.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, Y.

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, “Generation of stimulated backscattered harmonic radiation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5872–5782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Interaction of ultrahigh laser fields with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241–2248 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Stimulated backscattered harmonic generation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2021–2024 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, D.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Furukawa, H.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaillard, R.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gizzi, L. A.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Glinsky, M. E.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gordon III, C. L.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

Hafizi, B.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hammer, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hashaniki, H.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, H.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hubbard, R.

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iwase, A.

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jones, M. W.

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, C.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Joyce, G.

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kaganovich, D.

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, Y.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawakubo, T.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, R.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Krall, J.

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruer, W. L.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krushelnick, K.

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lamouroux, B.

Lange, H. R.

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1544–1546 (1995).

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

London, R. A.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, J.

C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

MacIlrath, T. J.

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, V.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manka, C.

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, K. A.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mason, R. J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, D. L.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McKinnon, A. J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, C.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhoffer, D. D.

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, “Time- and space-resolved density evolution of the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373–2376 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, T. R. Clark, and H. M. Milchberg, “Mode control in a two-pulse-excited plasma waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 59–67 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee III and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2411 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mima, K.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Modena, A.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moore, C. I.

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mora, P.

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1544–1546 (1995).

Murakami, M.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Najmudin, Z.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nishida, Y.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, K.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogata, A.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penetrqante, B. M.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pert, G. J.

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B. S.

Pukhov, A.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rae, S.

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ripoche, J.-F.

Rosen, M. D.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakawa, Y.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sasarov, P. V.

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, T.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Skinner, C. H.

S. Suckewer and C. H. Skinner, “Progress in compact soft x-ray lasers and their applications,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30, 331–346 (1995).

Sprangle, P.

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, “Generation of stimulated backscattered harmonic radiation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5872–5782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Interaction of ultrahigh laser fields with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241–2248 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Stimulated backscattered harmonic generation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2021–2024 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

Strobel, G. L.

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suckewer, S.

S. Suckewer and C. H. Skinner, “Progress in compact soft x-ray lasers and their applications,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30, 331–346 (1995).

Suzuki, K.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tabak, M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K. A.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ting, A.

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tsukamoto, M.

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R.

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilks, S. C.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Willi, O.

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Woodworth, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yagami, N.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zigler, A.

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, “Laser wakefield acceleration and relativistic optical guiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146–2148 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Kaganovich, P. V. Sasarov, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, and A. Zigler, “Investigation of double capillary discharge scheme for production of wave guide in plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2295–2297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Comments At. Mol. Phys. (1)

S. Suckewer and C. H. Skinner, “Progress in compact soft x-ray lasers and their applications,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30, 331–346 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879–1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (3)

E. Esarey, A. Ting, P. Sprangle, D. Umstadter, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear analysis of relativistic harmonic generation, by intense lasers in plasmas,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 21, 95–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, and C. Danson, “Observation of Raman forward scattering and electron acceleration in the relativistic regime,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 289–295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Fluids B (1)

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Interaction of ultrahigh laser fields with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241–2248 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (5)

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Eder, P. Amemdt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrqante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Ting, C. I. Moore, K. Krushelnick, C. Manka, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, R. Hubbard, H. R. Burris, and M. Baine, “Plasma wakefield generation and electron acceleration in a self-modulated laser wakefield experiment,” Phys. Plasmas 4, 1889–1899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, T. R. Clark, C. G. Durfee III, T. M. Antonsen, and P. Mora, “Development and applications of a plasma waveguided for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 2149–2155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, “Propagation of radius-tailored laser pulses over extended distances in a uniform plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1738–1743 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, “Generation of stimulated backscattered harmonic radiation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5872–5782 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, “Self-guiding and stability of optical beams in gases undergoing ionization,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211–4232 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (16)

C. G. Durfee III and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2411 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, J. Krall, and G. Joyce, “Propagation and guiding of intense laser pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2200–2203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Envelope analysis of intense laser pulse self-modulation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887–2890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Intense laser pulse propagation and stability in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1046–1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, “Time- and space-resolved density evolution of the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373–2376 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, “Plasma channel formation and guiding during high intensity short pulse laser plasma experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047–4050 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. J. McKinnon, M. Borghesi, A. Iwase, M. W. Jones, G. J. Pert, S. Rae, K. Burnett, and O. Willi, “Quantitative studies of the ionization-induced refraction of picosecond laser pulses in gas-jet targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1473–1476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. McKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879–882 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kodama, K. Takahashi, K. A. Tanaka, M. Tsukamoto, H. Hashimoto, Y. Kato, and K. Mima, “Study of laser-hole boring into overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4906–1409 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, “Stimulated backscattered harmonic generation from intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2021–2024 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Hashaniki, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yagami, M. Downer, and T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Umstadter, S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wakefield acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. R. Griem, Spectral Line Broadening in Plasmas (Academic, New York, 1974).

W. L. Kruer, The Physics of Laser Plasma Interactions (Addison-Wesley, Redwood City, Calif., 1988), Chap. 5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multifocal imaging setup for measuring post-capillary expansion of the laser pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results showing guiding and damping of the normalized laser spot size rL/rch (solid curve) in a 6.6-cm-long channel. The on-axis density n(0) and channel edge density n(rch) are also shown, normalized to the nominal on-axis density n0=5×1018 cm-3. The focused radius r0=15 μm, the channel-edge radius rch=100 μm, and the matched or equilibrium radius rMS25 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimentally measured plasma density versus position across a 300-μm-radius capillary at four different delay times. The charging voltage is 1.3 kV. A density minimum exists at 400 and 720 ns.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plasma density versus position for a 2-kV charging voltage at two different delay times.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulation results for laser guiding and post-capillary expansion for three different cases. The solid curve has n0=5×1018 cm-3 and Δn=3×1018 cm-3, while the dashed curve has n0=1.5×1019 cm-3 but the same value of Δn. The dotted curve is from a simulation with Δn=2.8×1018 cm-3. Changing n0 has almost no effect, while a small change in Δn results in a noticeable change in the post-capillary spot-size history.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Guiding results for a Lch=2 cm, rch=100-μm channel. Simulations of the spot size rL(z) are for (a) Δn=1.2 ×1018 cm-3, (solid curve) and (b) Δn=2.8×1018 cm-3 (dashed curve). Experimental points (squares and triangles), measured spot size after the channel exit from two different shots.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Laser image at exit of 3-cm capillary: rL<30 μm with ∼50% pulse energy transmission. (b) Laser image at exit of 6.6 cm capillary: rL<25 μm with ∼10% transmission. Transmission for the unguided case is ∼1%; the image appears brighter, since less neutral-density filtering was used.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Simulations of mismatched pulse propagation in a Lch=6.6-cm channel, with rch=100 μm, n0=5×1018 cm-3, and Δn=4×1018 cm-3. Dotted curve, standard simulation code that neglects laser-generated ionization; solid curve, includes the BSI ionization model.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Laser-Pulse Radiusa at Four Positions Beyond the Capillary Exit

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ZR=πr02/λ,
Δη(r)=-ωp2(r)/2ω02,
2rLz2-r04ZR2rL3+2rL rη/r=0,
n(r)=n0+Δn r2rch2,
rM=(rch2/πreΔn)1/4,
λe=πZM=π2rM2/λ.
dζ*dz=-ωp02/2ω02,
x0=ZM2/Rc,
rM(x0)=(Rcx0λ2/π2)1/4.
ke(ki)=4/kirM2.
Lib=ω02ωp2 vgνei,
ΔWi=πrM2fineiLch,
IBSI[W/cm2]=4×109 i4[eV]Zi2.

Metrics