Abstract

A complete set of charge-transport parameters of photorefractive cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate crystals is determined: the concentrations of filled and empty traps, the photon-absorption cross section, the quantum efficiency for excitation of an electron upon absorption of a photon, the recombination coefficient, and the charge-carrier mobility. These parameters are obtained evaluating optical absorption, conductivity, non-steady-state photocurrents, neutron-activation analysis, and x-ray photoelectron spectra. The effective absorption radius of the filled electron traps is small and the effective trapping radius is large compared with the ionic radii. Before recombination with deep levels the excited electrons are trapped several times by shallow levels. A detailed description of the charge transport is obtained, and the properties of optimized crystals are deduced.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, and Y. Furuhata, “High-sensitive holographic storage in Ce-doped SBN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Ma, T. Y. Chang, J. H. Hong, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Enhancement of multiplexed holograms in cerium-doped Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2960 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kume, K. Nonaka, and M. Yamamoto, “Wavelength-multiplexed holographic recording in cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate by using tunable laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 448 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Gerwens, M. Simon, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Activation of cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate for infrared holographic recording,” Opt. Commun. 135, 347 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Monson, G. J. Salamo, A. G. Mott, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, W. W. Clark III, G. L. Wood, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation with nanosecond pulses in strontium barium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 15, 12 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. E. T. Chiou and P. Yeh, “Beam cleanup using photorefractive two-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 10, 621 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. S. Kewitsch, T. W. Towe, G. J. Salamo, A. Yariv, M. Zhang, M. Segev, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Optically induced quasi-phase matching in strontium barium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1865 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Buse, U. van Stevendaal, R. Pankrath, and E. Krätzig, “Light-induced charge transport properties of Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Simon, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, E. Krätzig, and A. A. Freschi, “Photoconductivity of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 251 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Wevering, K. Buse, M. Simon, R. Pankrath, and E. Krätzig, “Time-resolved measurements of photoconductivity in cerium-doped photorefractive strontium-barium niobate using nanosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 148, 85 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Korneev, D. Mayorga, S. Stepanov, A. Gerwens, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Characterization of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate with non-steady-state holographic photocurrents,” Opt. Commun. 146, 215 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Th. Woike, G. Weckwerth, H. Palme, and R. Pankrath, “Instrumental neutron activation and absorption spectroscopy of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate single crystals doped with cerium,” Solid State Commun. 102, 743 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Niemann, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, and M. Neumann, “XPS study of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6: Ce crystals,” Solid State Commun. 98, 209 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Simon, A. Gerwens, and E. Krätzig, “Light-induced absorption generated with high intensity laser pulses in strontium-barium niobate,” Phys. Status Solidi A 143, K125 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, “Photorefractive properties of strontium barium niobate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Orlov, M. Segev, A. Yariv, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Light-induced absorption in photorefractive strontium barium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1293 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. V. Kukhtarev, “Kinetics of hologram recording and erasure in electrooptic crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).
  18. R. D. Shannon and C. T. Prewitt, “Effective ionic radii in oxides and fluorides,” Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 25, 925 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. R. Neurgaonkar and W. K. Cory, “Progress in photorefractive tungsten bronze crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 274 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. H. Acioli, M. Ulman, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, H. Kong, B. S. Chen, and M. Cronin-Golomb, “Femtosecond temporal encoding in barium titanate,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1984 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

S. Wevering, K. Buse, M. Simon, R. Pankrath, and E. Krätzig, “Time-resolved measurements of photoconductivity in cerium-doped photorefractive strontium-barium niobate using nanosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 148, 85 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, D. Mayorga, S. Stepanov, A. Gerwens, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Characterization of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate with non-steady-state holographic photocurrents,” Opt. Commun. 146, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

Th. Woike, G. Weckwerth, H. Palme, and R. Pankrath, “Instrumental neutron activation and absorption spectroscopy of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate single crystals doped with cerium,” Solid State Commun. 102, 743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, T. Y. Chang, J. H. Hong, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Enhancement of multiplexed holograms in cerium-doped Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2960 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Gerwens, M. Simon, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Activation of cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate for infrared holographic recording,” Opt. Commun. 135, 347 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

T. Kume, K. Nonaka, and M. Yamamoto, “Wavelength-multiplexed holographic recording in cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate by using tunable laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, U. van Stevendaal, R. Pankrath, and E. Krätzig, “Light-induced charge transport properties of Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Simon, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, E. Krätzig, and A. A. Freschi, “Photoconductivity of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 251 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Niemann, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, and M. Neumann, “XPS study of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6: Ce crystals,” Solid State Commun. 98, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. S. Kewitsch, T. W. Towe, G. J. Salamo, A. Yariv, M. Zhang, M. Segev, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Optically induced quasi-phase matching in strontium barium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1865 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Simon, A. Gerwens, and E. Krätzig, “Light-induced absorption generated with high intensity laser pulses in strontium-barium niobate,” Phys. Status Solidi A 143, K125 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Orlov, M. Segev, A. Yariv, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Light-induced absorption in photorefractive strontium barium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1293 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, “Photorefractive properties of strontium barium niobate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1977 (1)

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, and Y. Furuhata, “High-sensitive holographic storage in Ce-doped SBN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, “Kinetics of hologram recording and erasure in electrooptic crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

1969 (1)

R. D. Shannon and C. T. Prewitt, “Effective ionic radii in oxides and fluorides,” Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 25, 925 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B (1)

R. D. Shannon and C. T. Prewitt, “Effective ionic radii in oxides and fluorides,” Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 25, 925 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. S. Kewitsch, T. W. Towe, G. J. Salamo, A. Yariv, M. Zhang, M. Segev, E. J. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Optically induced quasi-phase matching in strontium barium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1865 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, and Y. Furuhata, “High-sensitive holographic storage in Ce-doped SBN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, “Photorefractive properties of strontium barium niobate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Simon, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, E. Krätzig, and A. A. Freschi, “Photoconductivity of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 251 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kume, K. Nonaka, and M. Yamamoto, “Wavelength-multiplexed holographic recording in cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate by using tunable laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Gerwens, M. Simon, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Activation of cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate for infrared holographic recording,” Opt. Commun. 135, 347 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Wevering, K. Buse, M. Simon, R. Pankrath, and E. Krätzig, “Time-resolved measurements of photoconductivity in cerium-doped photorefractive strontium-barium niobate using nanosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 148, 85 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, D. Mayorga, S. Stepanov, A. Gerwens, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, “Characterization of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate with non-steady-state holographic photocurrents,” Opt. Commun. 146, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Ma, T. Y. Chang, J. H. Hong, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Enhancement of multiplexed holograms in cerium-doped Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2960 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

M. Simon, A. Gerwens, and E. Krätzig, “Light-induced absorption generated with high intensity laser pulses in strontium-barium niobate,” Phys. Status Solidi A 143, K125 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (2)

Th. Woike, G. Weckwerth, H. Palme, and R. Pankrath, “Instrumental neutron activation and absorption spectroscopy of photorefractive strontium-barium niobate single crystals doped with cerium,” Solid State Commun. 102, 743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Niemann, K. Buse, R. Pankrath, and M. Neumann, “XPS study of photorefractive Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6: Ce crystals,” Solid State Commun. 98, 209 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, “Kinetics of hologram recording and erasure in electrooptic crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Band diagram of the charge-transport situation in cerium-doped strontium-barium niobate. Charge carriers are excited by light from Ce3+ into the conduction band. They are several times trapped and thermally reexcited at shallow levels. Finally, they recombine with the deep-level Ce4+.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Charge-Transport Parameters of a Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 Crystal Doped with 0.025 wt. % CeO2

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dNedt=qSIcCe3+-rcCe4+Ne,

Metrics