Abstract

The efficiency of second-harmonic generation from achiral anisotropic surfaces can be different for left- and right-hand circularly polarized fundamental light. Such optical activity occurs if the orientation of the anisotropic sample makes the experimental arrangement chiral. The effects change sign as the handedness of the experiment is reversed. The theoretical predictions are confirmed by experiments with anisotropic Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine. These optical-activity effects are important in the study of surface chirality and in the detailed characterization of anisotropic nonlinear thin films.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. Selected Papers on Natural Optical Activity, A. Lakhtakia, ed., Proc. SPIE MS 15 (1990).
  2. T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).
  3. L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994).
  4. M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).
  5. M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).
  6. T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).
  7. J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).
  8. J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).
  9. M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).
  10. J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).
  11. M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).
  12. R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).
  13. J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).
  14. C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).
  15. N. Chandra, “Circular dichroism in photoionization of oriented nonlinear molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2256–2259 (1989).
  16. M.-J. Chern and R. A. Phillips, “Optical activity in nonenantiomorphous biaxial crystals: (C9H12O4)2 and NaNO2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1230–1232 (1970).
  17. Y.-N. Chiu, “Temperature-dependent optical activity due to quantized molecular rotation and optical rotation by oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 52, 1042–1053 (1970).
  18. R. Williams, “Optical rotatory effect in the nematic liquid phase of p-azoxyanisole,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 342–344 (1968).
  19. R. Williams, “Optical-rotary power and linear electro-optic effect in nematic liquid crystals of p-azoxyanisole,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1324–1332 (1969).
  20. N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991).
  21. T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).
  22. R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).
  23. J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).
  24. G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).
  25. W. M. K. P. Wijekoon, S. P. Karna, G. B. Talapatra, and P. N. Prasad, “Second-harmonic generation studies of differences in molecular orientation of Langmuir–Blodgett films fabricated by vertical and horizontal dipping techniques,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 213–221 (1993).
  26. P. Provencher, M.-M. Denariez Roberge, A. Suau, K. Tian, G. Munger, and R. Leblanc, “Second-harmonic generation investigation of Langmuir–Blodgett 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyradine films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1406–1410 (1995).
  27. T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

1997 (1)

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

1996 (3)

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

1995 (3)

P. Provencher, M.-M. Denariez Roberge, A. Suau, K. Tian, G. Munger, and R. Leblanc, “Second-harmonic generation investigation of Langmuir–Blodgett 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyradine films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1406–1410 (1995).

J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

1994 (7)

L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994).

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).

1993 (2)

W. M. K. P. Wijekoon, S. P. Karna, G. B. Talapatra, and P. N. Prasad, “Second-harmonic generation studies of differences in molecular orientation of Langmuir–Blodgett films fabricated by vertical and horizontal dipping techniques,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 213–221 (1993).

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

1991 (1)

N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991).

1989 (2)

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

N. Chandra, “Circular dichroism in photoionization of oriented nonlinear molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2256–2259 (1989).

1988 (1)

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

1986 (1)

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

1985 (1)

R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).

1970 (2)

Y.-N. Chiu, “Temperature-dependent optical activity due to quantized molecular rotation and optical rotation by oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 52, 1042–1053 (1970).

M.-J. Chern and R. A. Phillips, “Optical activity in nonenantiomorphous biaxial crystals: (C9H12O4)2 and NaNO2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1230–1232 (1970).

1969 (1)

R. Williams, “Optical-rotary power and linear electro-optic effect in nematic liquid crystals of p-azoxyanisole,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1324–1332 (1969).

1968 (1)

R. Williams, “Optical rotatory effect in the nematic liquid phase of p-azoxyanisole,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 342–344 (1968).

Anderson, S. L.

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

Appling, J. R.

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

Bansmann, J.

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

Barron, L. D.

L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994).

Bosshard, Ch.

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

Byers, J. D.

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

Chandra, N.

N. Chandra, “Circular dichroism in photoionization of oriented nonlinear molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2256–2259 (1989).

Cherepkov, N. A.

N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991).

Chern, M.-J.

Chiu, Y.-N.

Y.-N. Chiu, “Temperature-dependent optical activity due to quantized molecular rotation and optical rotation by oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 52, 1042–1053 (1970).

Crawford, M. J.

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

Decher, G.

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

Denariez Roberge, M.-M.

Dixit, S. N.

R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).

Dubs, R. L.

R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).

Frey, J. G.

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

Getzlaff, M.

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

Gruzdkov, Y. A.

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

Gunther, P.

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

Haslam, S.

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

Hecht, L.

L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994).

Hicks, J. M.

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

Karna, S. P.

Kauranen, M.

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).

Kuznetsov, V. V.

N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991).

Leblanc, R.

Lee, H. I.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

Loddoch, M.

R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).

Maki, J. J.

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

Marowsky, G.

R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).

McKoy, V.

R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).

Munger, G.

Nolte, R. J. M.

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

Orlando, T. M.

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

Persoons, A.

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).

Petralli-Mallow, T.

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

Phillips, R. A.

Prasad, P. N.

Probert, J. M.

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

Provencher, P.

Schönhense, G.

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

Schouten, A. J.

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

Stolle, R.

R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).

Suau, A.

Talapatra, G. B.

Teerenstra, M. N.

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

Tian, K.

Tieke, B.

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

Van Elschocht, S.

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

Van Elshocht, S.

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

Van Rompaey, Y.

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

Verbiest, T.

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).

Westphal, C.

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

White, M. G.

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

Wijekoon, W. M. K. P.

Williams, R.

R. Williams, “Optical-rotary power and linear electro-optic effect in nematic liquid crystals of p-azoxyanisole,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1324–1332 (1969).

R. Williams, “Optical rotatory effect in the nematic liquid phase of p-azoxyanisole,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 342–344 (1968).

Wong, T. M.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

Yee, H. I.

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994).

M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994).

T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996).

J. Chem. Phys. (9)

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995).

J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994).

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993).

J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986).

Y.-N. Chiu, “Temperature-dependent optical activity due to quantized molecular rotation and optical rotation by oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 52, 1042–1053 (1970).

R. Williams, “Optical-rotary power and linear electro-optic effect in nematic liquid crystals of p-azoxyanisole,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1324–1332 (1969).

N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991).

J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. (1)

G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nonlinear Opt. (2)

R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).

M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. Chandra, “Circular dichroism in photoionization of oriented nonlinear molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2256–2259 (1989).

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995).

J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994).

M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985).

T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996).

R. Williams, “Optical rotatory effect in the nematic liquid phase of p-azoxyanisole,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 342–344 (1968).

C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989).

Other (1)

Selected Papers on Natural Optical Activity, A. Lakhtakia, ed., Proc. SPIE MS 15 (1990).

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