Abstract

We propose a new method for the automatic printing of holographic three-dimensional (3-D) animation viewed under white-light illumination. One can display the animated 3-D image near the hologram plane by vertically scrolling the hologram. Since the hologram consists of small elemental holograms that are individually recorded at multiple exposures, the image size and the playback length are not restricted by the size of the recording optical system. A 3-D animation of 25 frames is experimentally recorded. Clear 3-D images can be observed by pulsed-light illumination.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Ohyama, “Prospects of new technologies for 3D imaging and display,” Med. Imag. Tech. 7, 29–36 (1989).
  4. J. A. Roese, “Applications of PLZT electro-optic shutter stereoscopic displays,” in Advances in Display Technology I, J. R. Parsons, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.199, 152–159 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Börner, “Progress in projection of parallax-panoramagrams onto wide-angle lenticular screens,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques & Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 35–43 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. J. DeBietto, “A holographic motion picture film with constant velocity transport,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 295–297 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Aebischer, B. Carquille, “White light holographic portraits (still or animated),” Appl. Opt. 17, 3698–3700 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Aebischer, C. Bainier, “Multicolor holography of animated scenes by motion synthesis using a multiplexing technique,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging, J. Ebbeni, A. Monfils, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.402, 51–56 (1983).
  11. K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Cook, A. A. Wald, “Reflection-hologram processing for high efficiency in silver-halide emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

N. Ohyama, “Prospects of new technologies for 3D imaging and display,” Med. Imag. Tech. 7, 29–36 (1989).

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1969 (1)

A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

D. J. DeBietto, “A holographic motion picture film with constant velocity transport,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 295–297 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Aebischer, N.

N. Aebischer, B. Carquille, “White light holographic portraits (still or animated),” Appl. Opt. 17, 3698–3700 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aebischer, C. Bainier, “Multicolor holography of animated scenes by motion synthesis using a multiplexing technique,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging, J. Ebbeni, A. Monfils, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.402, 51–56 (1983).

Bainier, C.

N. Aebischer, C. Bainier, “Multicolor holography of animated scenes by motion synthesis using a multiplexing technique,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging, J. Ebbeni, A. Monfils, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.402, 51–56 (1983).

Benton, S. A.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Börner, R.

R. Börner, “Progress in projection of parallax-panoramagrams onto wide-angle lenticular screens,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques & Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 35–43 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Carquille, B.

Cook, D. J.

DeBietto, D. J.

D. J. DeBietto, “A holographic motion picture film with constant velocity transport,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 295–297 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Evtuhov, V.

A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hilaire, P. St.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jacobson, A. D.

A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, M. L.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kang, D. K.

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Keys, D. E.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kollin, J.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lucente, M.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, B. M.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Neeland, J. K.

A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ohyama, N.

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ohyama, “Prospects of new technologies for 3D imaging and display,” Med. Imag. Tech. 7, 29–36 (1989).

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Okada, K.

K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Roese, J. A.

J. A. Roese, “Applications of PLZT electro-optic shutter stereoscopic displays,” in Advances in Display Technology I, J. R. Parsons, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.199, 152–159 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Shimura, K.

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smothers, W. K.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsujiuchi, J.

K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Underkoffler, J.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wald, A. A.

Weber, A. M.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, H.

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. D. Jacobson, V. Evtuhov, J. K. Neeland, “Motion picture holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 120–122 (1969).
[CrossRef]

D. J. DeBietto, “A holographic motion picture film with constant velocity transport,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 295–297 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Med. Imag. Tech. (1)

N. Ohyama, “Prospects of new technologies for 3D imaging and display,” Med. Imag. Tech. 7, 29–36 (1989).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Okada, T. Honda, J. Tsujiuchi, “A method of distortion compensation of multiplex holograms,” Opt. Commun. 48, 167–170 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

T. Honda, M. Yamaguchi, D. K. Kang, K. Shimura, J. Tsujiuchi, N. Ohyama, “Printing of holographic stereograms using liquid-crystal TV,” in Practical Holography III, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1051, 186–191 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, “Photopolymers for holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 20–29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Holographic 3-D printer,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 84–92 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Roese, “Applications of PLZT electro-optic shutter stereoscopic displays,” in Advances in Display Technology I, J. R. Parsons, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.199, 152–159 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Börner, “Progress in projection of parallax-panoramagrams onto wide-angle lenticular screens,” in True Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques & Display Technologies, D. F. McAllister, W. E. Robbins, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.761, 35–43 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” in Practical Holography IV, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1212, 174–182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Aebischer, C. Bainier, “Multicolor holography of animated scenes by motion synthesis using a multiplexing technique,” in Three-Dimensional Imaging, J. Ebbeni, A. Monfils, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.402, 51–56 (1983).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of holographic 3-D printer. CPU: central processing unit; D/A: digital-to-analog converter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Display setup of holoanimation. The observer can see the 3-D cinema near the hologram plane under white-light illumination.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical system for the multidot recording. SLM: spatial light modulator. The small-reflection-type hologram modulated by the spatial light modulator image is repeatedly exposed at each exposure until the hologram surface is exposed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculation geometry of the images for exposure. (a) Horizontal and (b) vertical directions. The objects of different times (tn and tn+1) are vertically synthesized to an exposing image.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reconstruction of the holoanimation. A series of virtual windows are imaged at the position of the observer’s eyes, as in the composite master hologram method.9

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Viewing zone in which observer can see the reconstructed image. (a) Top and (b) side views. In (b) the shaded area is one of the viewing zones that are vertically arrayed; therefore observers at various heights can see the different frames.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental optical system. The upper light ray is the object beam, and the lower ray is the reference beam. A half-wave plate and a polarizer are used in the reference beam to adjust the polarization angle to that of the object beam.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Recorded object for three frames of the animation. The left- and the right-hand panels show the left- and the right-hand views, respectively. The images were calculated from the wire-frame data by the parallel projection.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Reconstructed images from the recorded holoanimation. Each picture corresponds to an image shown in Fig. 8. The reconstructed color is red, whose wavelength is almost equal to the recording wavelength.

Equations (3)

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D = l f d ,
z = 2 v l v 2 - D 2 ( D - a ) ,
b = N D t ,

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