D. G. Politte, D. L. Snyder, “Corrections for accidental coincidences and attenuation in maximum-likelihood image reconstruction for positron-emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 10, 82–89 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, D. Khosla, D. A. Agard, “Increased depth-of-field and stereo pairs of fluorescence micrographs via inverse filtering and maximum likelihood estimation,” J. Microsc. 164, 217–237 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Acceleration of maximum-likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy and other noncoherent imagery,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 893–907 (1991).

[CrossRef]

B. C. McCallum, “Blind deconvolution by simulated annealing,” Opt. Commun. 75, 101–105 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Seldin, J. R. Fienup, “Iterative blind deconvolution algorithm applied to phase retrieval,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 428–433 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. H. T. Bates, B. K. Quek, C. R. Parker, “Some implications of zero sheets for blind deconvolution and phase retrieval,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 468–479 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Lagendijk, J. Biemond, D. E. Boekee, “Identification and restoration of noisy blurred images using the expectation-maximization algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1180–1191 (1990).

[CrossRef]

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, T. J. Schulz, “High-resolution imaging at low-light levels through weak turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1251–1265 (1990).

[CrossRef]

P. J. Green, “Bayesian reconstructions from emission tomography data using a modified EM algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 84–93 (1990).

[CrossRef]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “Determination of three-dimensional imaging properties of a light microscope system: partial confocal behavior in epifluorescence microscopy,” Biophys. J. 57, 325–333 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, “A generalized EM algorithm for Bayesian reconstruction from Poisson data using Gibbs priors,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 8, 194–202 (1989).

[CrossRef]

K. Itoh, A. Hayashi, Y. Ichioka, “Digitized optical microscopy with extended depth of field,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3487–3493 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. S. Aikens, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solid state imagers for microscopy,” Methods Cell Biol. 29, 292–313 (1989).

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Richardson–Lucy/maximum likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy: further testing,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4930–4938 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Holmes, “Expectation-maximization restoration of band-limited, truncated point-process intensities with application in microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1006–1014 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Agard, Y. Hiraoka, P. Shaw, J. W. Sedat, “Fluorescence microscopy in three dimensions,” Methods Cell Biol. 30, 353–377 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. L. K. Davey, R. G. Lane, R. H. T. Bates, “Blind deconvolution of noisy complex-valued image,” Opt. Commun. 69, 353–356 (1989).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Ayers, J. C. Dainty, “Iterative blind deconvolution method and its applications,” Opt. Lett. 13, 547–549 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Tekalp, H. Kaufman, “On statistical identification of a class of linear space-invariant blurs using nonminimum-phase ARMA models,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 36, 1360–1363 (1988).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, “Maximum-likelihood image restoration adapted for noncoherent optical imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 666–673 (1988).

[CrossRef]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, M. Singh, “Fast MLE for SPECT using an intermediate polar representation and a stopping criterion,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 615–619 (1988).

[CrossRef]

E. Veklerov, J. Llacer, “MLE reconstruction of a brain phantom using a Monte Carlo transition matrix and a statistical stopping rule,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 603–607 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. Liang, “Statistical models of a prioriinformation for image processing: neighboring correlation constraints,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 2026–2031 (1988).

[CrossRef]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “The use of a charge-coupled device for quantitative optical microscopy of biological structures,” Science 238, 36–41 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “The role of likelihood and entropy in incomplete-data problems: applications to estimating point-process intensities and Toeplitz constrained covariances,” Proc. IEEE 75, 892–907 (1987).

[CrossRef]

L. Kaufman, “Implementing and accelerating the EM algorithm for positron emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 37–51 (1987).

[CrossRef]

K. Lange, M. Bahn, R. Little, “A theoretical study of some maximum likelihood algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 106–114 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, L. J. Thomas, D. G. Politte, “Noise and edge artifacts in maximum-likelihood reconstructions for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 228–238 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Lane, R. H. T. Bates, “Automatic multidimensional deconvolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 180–188 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Lewitt, G. Muehllehner, “Accelerated iterative reconstruction for positron emission tomography based on the EM algorithm for maximum likelihood estimation,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-5, 16–22 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, “The use of sieves to stabilize images produced with the EM algorithm for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 3864–3872 (1985).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

[CrossRef]

N. Striebl, “Three-dimensional imaging by a microscope,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 121–127 (1985).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Sugimoto, Y. Ichioka, “Digital composition of images with increased depth of focus considering depth information,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2076–2080 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Geman, D. Geman, “Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions, and the Bayesian restoration of images,”IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-6, 721–741 (1984).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Agard, “Optical sectioning microscopy,” Ann. Rev. Bioeng. 13, 191–219 (1984).

[CrossRef]

D. Snyder, D. G. Politte, “Image reconstruction from list-mode data in an emission tomography system having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-30, 1843–1849 (1983).

[CrossRef]

C. R. J. Wu, “On the convergence properties of the EM algorithm,” Ann. Stat. 11, 95–103 (1983).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-1, 113–122 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, M. M. Ter-Pogossian, “A mathematical model for positron-emission tomography systems having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-28, 3575–3583 (1981).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,”J. R. Stat. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “Super-resolution through error energy reduction,” Opt. Acta 21, 709–720 (1974).

[CrossRef]

L. B. Lucy, “An iterative technique for the rectification of observed distributions,” Astron. J. 79, 745–765 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, T. G. Stockham, “Nonlinear filtering of multiplied and convolved signals,” Proc. IEEE 56, 1264–1291 (1968).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Stockham, T. M. Cannon, R. B. Ingebretsen, “Blind deconvolution through digital signal processing,” Proc. IEEE 63, 678–692 (1968).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, D. Khosla, D. A. Agard, “Increased depth-of-field and stereo pairs of fluorescence micrographs via inverse filtering and maximum likelihood estimation,” J. Microsc. 164, 217–237 (1991).

[CrossRef]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “Determination of three-dimensional imaging properties of a light microscope system: partial confocal behavior in epifluorescence microscopy,” Biophys. J. 57, 325–333 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. S. Aikens, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solid state imagers for microscopy,” Methods Cell Biol. 29, 292–313 (1989).

D. A. Agard, Y. Hiraoka, P. Shaw, J. W. Sedat, “Fluorescence microscopy in three dimensions,” Methods Cell Biol. 30, 353–377 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “The use of a charge-coupled device for quantitative optical microscopy of biological structures,” Science 238, 36–41 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. Agard, “Optical sectioning microscopy,” Ann. Rev. Bioeng. 13, 191–219 (1984).

[CrossRef]

M. Koshy, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solution of Toeplitz systems for the restoration of 3-D optical-sectioning microscopy data,” in Bioimaging and Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy, L. C. Smith, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1205, 64–71 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Aikens, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solid state imagers for microscopy,” Methods Cell Biol. 29, 292–313 (1989).

G. Arfken, Mathematical Methods for Physicists (Academic, New York, 1985).

K. Lange, M. Bahn, R. Little, “A theoretical study of some maximum likelihood algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 106–114 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. H. T. Bates, B. K. Quek, C. R. Parker, “Some implications of zero sheets for blind deconvolution and phase retrieval,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 468–479 (1990).

[CrossRef]

B. L. K. Davey, R. G. Lane, R. H. T. Bates, “Blind deconvolution of noisy complex-valued image,” Opt. Commun. 69, 353–356 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Lane, R. H. T. Bates, “Automatic multidimensional deconvolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 180–188 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Lagendijk, J. Biemond, D. E. Boekee, “Identification and restoration of noisy blurred images using the expectation-maximization algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1180–1191 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Lagendijk, J. Biemond, D. E. Boekee, “Identification and restoration of noisy blurred images using the expectation-maximization algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1180–1191 (1990).

[CrossRef]

G. J. Brackenhoff, K. Visscher, H. T. M. Van Der Voort, “Size and shape of the confocal spot: control and relation to 3-D imaging and image processing,” in The Handbook of Biological Confocal Microscopy, J. Pawley, ed. (IMR, Madison, Wisc., 1989), pp. 79–82.

T. G. Stockham, T. M. Cannon, R. B. Ingebretsen, “Blind deconvolution through digital signal processing,” Proc. IEEE 63, 678–692 (1968).

[CrossRef]

W. Carrington, “Image restoration in 3-D microscopy with limited data,” in Bioimaging and Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy, L. C. Smith, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1205, 72–83 (1990).

[CrossRef]

K. R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.1979).

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

C. E. Metz, C. T. Chen, “On the acceleration of maximum likelihood algorithms,” in Medical Imaging II, S. J. Dwyer, R. H. Schneider, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.914, 344–349 (1988).

[CrossRef]

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Conchello, E. W. Hansen, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of noisy confocal scanning microscope images,” in New Methods in Microscopy and Low Light Imaging, J. E. Wampler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1161, 279–285 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. Conchello, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of noisy images from partially confocal scanning microscope,” Ph.D. dissertation (Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., 1990).

B. L. K. Davey, R. G. Lane, R. H. T. Bates, “Blind deconvolution of noisy complex-valued image,” Opt. Commun. 69, 353–356 (1989).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,”J. R. Stat. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

J. D. Gaskill, Linear Systems, Fourier Transforms, and Optics (Wiley, New York, 1978).

S. Geman, D. Geman, “Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions, and the Bayesian restoration of images,”IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-6, 721–741 (1984).

[CrossRef]

S. Geman, D. Geman, “Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions, and the Bayesian restoration of images,”IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-6, 721–741 (1984).

[CrossRef]

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “Super-resolution through error energy reduction,” Opt. Acta 21, 709–720 (1974).

[CrossRef]

P. J. Green, “Bayesian reconstructions from emission tomography data using a modified EM algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 84–93 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Conchello, E. W. Hansen, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of noisy confocal scanning microscope images,” in New Methods in Microscopy and Low Light Imaging, J. E. Wampler, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1161, 279–285 (1989).

[CrossRef]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, “A generalized EM algorithm for Bayesian reconstruction from Poisson data using Gibbs priors,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 8, 194–202 (1989).

[CrossRef]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, M. Singh, “Fast MLE for SPECT using an intermediate polar representation and a stopping criterion,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 615–619 (1988).

[CrossRef]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “Determination of three-dimensional imaging properties of a light microscope system: partial confocal behavior in epifluorescence microscopy,” Biophys. J. 57, 325–333 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. Agard, Y. Hiraoka, P. Shaw, J. W. Sedat, “Fluorescence microscopy in three dimensions,” Methods Cell Biol. 30, 353–377 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “The use of a charge-coupled device for quantitative optical microscopy of biological structures,” Science 238, 36–41 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Acceleration of maximum-likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy and other noncoherent imagery,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 893–907 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, D. Khosla, D. A. Agard, “Increased depth-of-field and stereo pairs of fluorescence micrographs via inverse filtering and maximum likelihood estimation,” J. Microsc. 164, 217–237 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Richardson–Lucy/maximum likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy: further testing,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4930–4938 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Holmes, “Expectation-maximization restoration of band-limited, truncated point-process intensities with application in microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1006–1014 (1989).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, “Maximum-likelihood image restoration adapted for noncoherent optical imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 666–673 (1988).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Stockham, T. M. Cannon, R. B. Ingebretsen, “Blind deconvolution through digital signal processing,” Proc. IEEE 63, 678–692 (1968).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Tekalp, H. Kaufman, “On statistical identification of a class of linear space-invariant blurs using nonminimum-phase ARMA models,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 36, 1360–1363 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. Kaufman, “Implementing and accelerating the EM algorithm for positron emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 37–51 (1987).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, D. Khosla, D. A. Agard, “Increased depth-of-field and stereo pairs of fluorescence micrographs via inverse filtering and maximum likelihood estimation,” J. Microsc. 164, 217–237 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. Koshy, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solution of Toeplitz systems for the restoration of 3-D optical-sectioning microscopy data,” in Bioimaging and Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy, L. C. Smith, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1205, 64–71 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Lagendijk, J. Biemond, D. E. Boekee, “Identification and restoration of noisy blurred images using the expectation-maximization algorithm,”IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1180–1191 (1990).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,”J. R. Stat. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

K. Lange, M. Bahn, R. Little, “A theoretical study of some maximum likelihood algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 106–114 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

[CrossRef]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, “A generalized EM algorithm for Bayesian reconstruction from Poisson data using Gibbs priors,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 8, 194–202 (1989).

[CrossRef]

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, M. Singh, “Fast MLE for SPECT using an intermediate polar representation and a stopping criterion,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 615–619 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Lewitt, G. Muehllehner, “Accelerated iterative reconstruction for positron emission tomography based on the EM algorithm for maximum likelihood estimation,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-5, 16–22 (1986).

[CrossRef]

K. Lange, M. Bahn, R. Little, “A theoretical study of some maximum likelihood algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 106–114 (1987).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, D. Khosla, D. A. Agard, “Increased depth-of-field and stereo pairs of fluorescence micrographs via inverse filtering and maximum likelihood estimation,” J. Microsc. 164, 217–237 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Acceleration of maximum-likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy and other noncoherent imagery,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 893–907 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Holmes, Y. H. Liu, “Richardson–Lucy/maximum likelihood image restoration for fluorescence microscopy: further testing,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4930–4938 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Veklerov, J. Llacer, “MLE reconstruction of a brain phantom using a Monte Carlo transition matrix and a statistical stopping rule,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 603–607 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. B. Lucy, “An iterative technique for the rectification of observed distributions,” Astron. J. 79, 745–765 (1974).

[CrossRef]

L. Mandel, “Fluctuations of light beams,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1963), Vol. II, pp. 181–248.

[CrossRef]

B. C. McCallum, “Blind deconvolution by simulated annealing,” Opt. Commun. 75, 101–105 (1990).

[CrossRef]

C. E. Metz, C. T. Chen, “On the acceleration of maximum likelihood algorithms,” in Medical Imaging II, S. J. Dwyer, R. H. Schneider, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.914, 344–349 (1988).

[CrossRef]

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, L. J. Thomas, D. G. Politte, “Noise and edge artifacts in maximum-likelihood reconstructions for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 228–238 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “The role of likelihood and entropy in incomplete-data problems: applications to estimating point-process intensities and Toeplitz constrained covariances,” Proc. IEEE 75, 892–907 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, “The use of sieves to stabilize images produced with the EM algorithm for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 3864–3872 (1985).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

[CrossRef]

B. Roysam, J. A. Shrauner, M. I. Miller, “Bayesian imaging using Good’s roughness measure implementation on a massively parallel processor,” in 1988 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), Vol. II: Multidimensional Signal Processing, pp. 932–935.

D. L. Snyder, M. M. Miller, Random Point Processes in Time and Space (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1990).

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Lewitt, G. Muehllehner, “Accelerated iterative reconstruction for positron emission tomography based on the EM algorithm for maximum likelihood estimation,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-5, 16–22 (1986).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, T. G. Stockham, “Nonlinear filtering of multiplied and convolved signals,” Proc. IEEE 56, 1264–1291 (1968).

[CrossRef]

D. G. Politte, D. L. Snyder, “Corrections for accidental coincidences and attenuation in maximum-likelihood image reconstruction for positron-emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 10, 82–89 (1991).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, L. J. Thomas, D. G. Politte, “Noise and edge artifacts in maximum-likelihood reconstructions for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 228–238 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. Snyder, D. G. Politte, “Image reconstruction from list-mode data in an emission tomography system having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-30, 1843–1849 (1983).

[CrossRef]

B. Roysam, J. A. Shrauner, M. I. Miller, “Bayesian imaging using Good’s roughness measure implementation on a massively parallel processor,” in 1988 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), Vol. II: Multidimensional Signal Processing, pp. 932–935.

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,”J. R. Stat. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

[CrossRef]

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “Super-resolution through error energy reduction,” Opt. Acta 21, 709–720 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, T. G. Stockham, “Nonlinear filtering of multiplied and convolved signals,” Proc. IEEE 56, 1264–1291 (1968).

[CrossRef]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “Determination of three-dimensional imaging properties of a light microscope system: partial confocal behavior in epifluorescence microscopy,” Biophys. J. 57, 325–333 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. S. Aikens, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solid state imagers for microscopy,” Methods Cell Biol. 29, 292–313 (1989).

D. A. Agard, Y. Hiraoka, P. Shaw, J. W. Sedat, “Fluorescence microscopy in three dimensions,” Methods Cell Biol. 30, 353–377 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Hiraoka, J. W. Sedat, D. A. Agard, “The use of a charge-coupled device for quantitative optical microscopy of biological structures,” Science 238, 36–41 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Koshy, D. A. Agard, J. W. Sedat, “Solution of Toeplitz systems for the restoration of 3-D optical-sectioning microscopy data,” in Bioimaging and Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy, L. C. Smith, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1205, 64–71 (1990).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Agard, Y. Hiraoka, P. Shaw, J. W. Sedat, “Fluorescence microscopy in three dimensions,” Methods Cell Biol. 30, 353–377 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-1, 113–122 (1982).

[CrossRef]

B. Roysam, J. A. Shrauner, M. I. Miller, “Bayesian imaging using Good’s roughness measure implementation on a massively parallel processor,” in 1988 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988), Vol. II: Multidimensional Signal Processing, pp. 932–935.

T. Hebert, R. Leahy, M. Singh, “Fast MLE for SPECT using an intermediate polar representation and a stopping criterion,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 35, 615–619 (1988).

[CrossRef]

D. Snyder, D. G. Politte, “Image reconstruction from list-mode data in an emission tomography system having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-30, 1843–1849 (1983).

[CrossRef]

D. G. Politte, D. L. Snyder, “Corrections for accidental coincidences and attenuation in maximum-likelihood image reconstruction for positron-emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 10, 82–89 (1991).

[CrossRef]

E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, T. J. Schulz, “High-resolution imaging at low-light levels through weak turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1251–1265 (1990).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, L. J. Thomas, D. G. Politte, “Noise and edge artifacts in maximum-likelihood reconstructions for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 228–238 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “The role of likelihood and entropy in incomplete-data problems: applications to estimating point-process intensities and Toeplitz constrained covariances,” Proc. IEEE 75, 892–907 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, “The use of sieves to stabilize images produced with the EM algorithm for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 3864–3872 (1985).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

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D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, M. M. Ter-Pogossian, “A mathematical model for positron-emission tomography systems having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-28, 3575–3583 (1981).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, L. J. Thomas, D. G. Politte, “Noise and edge artifacts in maximum-likelihood reconstructions for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. MI-6, 228–238 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

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D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, M. M. Ter-Pogossian, “A mathematical model for positron-emission tomography systems having time-of-flight measurements,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-28, 3575–3583 (1981).

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E. S. Chernoboy, C. J. Chen, M. I. Miller, T. R. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “An evaluation of maximum likelihood reconstruction for SPECT,”IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 99–110 (1990).

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D. L. Snyder, M. I. Miller, “The use of sieves to stabilize images produced with the EM algorithm for emission tomography,”IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 3864–3872 (1985).

[CrossRef]

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M. I. Miller, K. B. Larson, J. E. Saffitz, D. L. Snyder, L. J. Thomas, “Maximum-likelihood estimation applied to electron microscopic autoradiography,”J. Electron Microsc. Tech. 2, 611–636 (1985).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. G. Stockham, T. M. Cannon, R. B. Ingebretsen, “Blind deconvolution through digital signal processing,” Proc. IEEE 63, 678–692 (1968).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, “The role of likelihood and entropy in incomplete-data problems: applications to estimating point-process intensities and Toeplitz constrained covariances,” Proc. IEEE 75, 892–907 (1987).

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