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D. J. Arndt-Jovin, M. Robert-Nicoud, S. J. Kaufman, T. M. Jovin, “Fluorescence digital imaging microscopy in cell biology,” Science 230, 247–256 (1985).

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Y. Tsuchiya, E. Inuzuka, T. Kurono, M. Hosoda, “Photon-counting image acquisition system and its applications,” J. Imag. Technol. 11, 1084–1088 (1985).

D. J. Arndt-Jovin, M. Robert-Nicoud, S. J. Kaufman, T. M. Jovin, “Fluorescence digital imaging microscopy in cell biology,” Science 230, 247–256 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Kaufman, “Implementing and accelerating the EM algorithm for positron emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-6, 37–51 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Arndt-Jovin, M. Robert-Nicoud, S. J. Kaufman, T. M. Jovin, “Fluorescence digital imaging microscopy in cell biology,” Science 230, 247–256 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Tsuchiya, E. Inuzuka, T. Kurono, M. Hosoda, “Photon-counting image acquisition system and its applications,” J. Imag. Technol. 11, 1084–1088 (1985).

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. R. Statist. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

K. Lange, R. Carson, “EM reconstruction algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,” J. Comput. Assisted Tomogr. 8, 302–316 (1984).

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D. J. Arndt-Jovin, M. Robert-Nicoud, S. J. Kaufman, T. M. Jovin, “Fluorescence digital imaging microscopy in cell biology,” Science 230, 247–256 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. R. Statist. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-1, 113–122 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. Snyder, D. G. Politte, “Image reconstruction from list-mode data in an emission tomography system having time-of-flight measurements,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-30, 1843–1849 (1983).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, T. R. Miller, “Maximum-likelihood reconstruction for single-photon emission computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 769–778 (1985).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Snyder, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (personal communication).

D. L. Snyder, Random Point Process (Wiley, New York, 1978).

E. Tanaka, “A fast reconstruction algorithm for stationary positron emission tomography based on a modified EM algorithm,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-6, 98–105 (1987).

[CrossRef]

G. I. Taylor, “Interference fringes with feeble light,” Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 15, 114–115 (1909).

Y. Tsuchiya, E. Inuzuka, T. Kurono, M. Hosoda, “Photon-counting image acquisition system and its applications,” J. Imag. Technol. 11, 1084–1088 (1985).

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-1, 113–122 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Agard, “Optical sectioning microscopy: cellular architecture in three dimensions,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. 13, 191–219 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Howard, “Fast algorithm for implementing the minimum-negativity constraint for Fourier spectrum extrapolation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1670–1675 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Sezan, H. Stark, “Image restoration by convex projections in the presence of noise,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2781–2789 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Maeda, K. Murata, “Digital restoration of incoherent bandlimited images,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2199–2204 (1982).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Maeda, “Restoration of bandlimited images by an iterative damped least-squares method with adaptive regularization,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1421–1425 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Zou, C. K. Rushforth, “Least-squares reconstruction of spatially limited objects using smoothness and non-negativity constraints,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1249–1252 (1982).

[CrossRef]

L. Kaufman, “Implementing and accelerating the EM algorithm for positron emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-6, 37–51 (1987).

[CrossRef]

E. Tanaka, “A fast reconstruction algorithm for stationary positron emission tomography based on a modified EM algorithm,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-6, 98–105 (1987).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging MI-1, 113–122 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. Snyder, D. G. Politte, “Image reconstruction from list-mode data in an emission tomography system having time-of-flight measurements,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-30, 1843–1849 (1983).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Miller, D. L. Snyder, T. R. Miller, “Maximum-likelihood reconstruction for single-photon emission computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-32, 769–778 (1985).

[CrossRef]

K. Lange, R. Carson, “EM reconstruction algorithms for emission and transmission tomography,” J. Comput. Assisted Tomogr. 8, 302–316 (1984).

Y. Tsuchiya, E. Inuzuka, T. Kurono, M. Hosoda, “Photon-counting image acquisition system and its applications,” J. Imag. Technol. 11, 1084–1088 (1985).

R. J. Mammone, “Spectral extrapolation of constrained signals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1476–1480 (1983).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Pfleegor, L. Mandel, “Further experiments on interference of independent photon beams at low light levels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 946–950 (1968).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. R. Statist. Soc. B 39, 1–37 (1977).

R. W. Gerchberg, “Super-resolution through error energy reduction,” Opt. Acta 21, 709–720 (1974).

[CrossRef]

G. I. Taylor, “Interference fringes with feeble light,” Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 15, 114–115 (1909).

H. H. Hopkins, “The frequency response of a defocused optical system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 231, 91–103 (1955).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Arndt-Jovin, M. Robert-Nicoud, S. J. Kaufman, T. M. Jovin, “Fluorescence digital imaging microscopy in cell biology,” Science 230, 247–256 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Louden, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1983).

J. D. Bronzino, Biomedical Engineering and Instrumentation (PWS, Boston, Mass., 1986).

A. Macovski, Medical Imaging (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1983).

D. L. Snyder, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (personal communication).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).

K. R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1979).

D. L. Snyder, Random Point Process (Wiley, New York, 1978).

P. Bremaud, Point Processes and Queues—Martingale Dynamics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980).

A. Papoulis, Signal Analysis (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1977).

W. K. Pratt, Digital Image Processing (Wiley, New York, 1978).