Abstract

Computational color constancy algorithms are commonly evaluated only through angular error analysis on annotated datasets of static images. The widespread use of videos in consumer devices motivated us to define a richer methodology for color constancy evaluation. To this extent, temporal and spatial stability are defined here to determine the degree of sensitivity of color constancy algorithms to variations in the scene that do not depend on the illuminant source, such as moving subjects or a moving camera. Our evaluation methodology is applied to compare several color constancy algorithms on stable sequences belonging to the Gray Ball and Burst Color Constancy video datasets. The stable sequences, identified using a general-purpose procedure, are made available for public download to encourage future research. Our investigation proves the importance of evaluating color constancy algorithms according to multiple metrics, instead of angular error alone. For example, the popular fully convolutional color constancy with confidence-weighted pooling algorithm is consistently the best performing solution for error evaluation, but it is often surpassed in terms of stability by the traditional gray edge algorithm, and by the more recent sensor-independent illumination estimation algorithm.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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References

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Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are available in [20].

20. M. Buzzelli and I. Erba, “Temporal and spatial stability of color constancy algorithms,” Imaging and Vision Laboratory, 2021, http://www.ivl.disco.unimib.it/activities/color-stability/, accessed July 28, 2021.

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