Abstract

An upper bound is derived for a figure of merit that quantifies the error in reconstructed pixel or voxel values induced by the presence of null functions for any list-mode system. It is shown that this upper bound decreases as the region in attribute space occupied by the allowable attribute vectors expands. This upper bound allows quantification of the reduction in this error when this type of expansion is implemented. Of course, reconstruction error is also caused by system noise in the data, which has to be treated statistically, but we will not be addressing that problem here. This method is not restricted to pixelized or voxelized reconstructions and can in fact be applied to any region of interest. The upper bound for pixelized reconstructions is demonstrated on a list-mode 2D Radon transform example. The expansion in the attribute space is implemented by doubling the number of views. The results show how the pixel size and number of views both affect the upper bound on reconstruction error from null functions. This reconstruction error can be averaged over all pixels to give a single number or can be plotted as a function on the pixel grid. Both approaches are demonstrated for the example system. In conclusion, this method can be applied to any list-mode system for which the system operator is known and could be used in the design of the systems and reconstruction algorithms.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Quantifying the loss of information from binning list-mode data

Eric Clarkson and Meredith Kupinski
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 37(3) 450-457 (2020)

List-mode likelihood

Harrison H. Barrett, Timothy White, and Lucas C. Parra
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(11) 2914-2923 (1997)

Objective assessment of image quality. V. Photon-counting detectors and list-mode data

Luca Caucci and Harrison H. Barrett
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29(6) 1003-1016 (2012)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (41)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription