Abstract

With the emerging demand for wide-color-gamut displays, an issue has been raised in which the commonly used color difference formulae or uniform color spaces that were derived based on the data produced in the relatively smaller color gamut could be unreliable for predicting color differences in the highly saturated color regions. A psychophysical experiment was carried out for evaluating color difference at a luminance level of ${310}\;{{\rm cd/m}^2}$ on a wide-color-gamut display with an approximate DCI-P3 color gamut. Twelve color centers were selected to cover the entire gamut boundary. There were 192 pairs of samples over 12 color centers judged by 18 observers using the greyscale psychophysical method. The data set was used to test the performance of six uniform color spaces and color difference equations, CIELAB, CIEDE2000, CAM02-UCS, ${{\rm J}_{\rm z}}{{\rm a}_{\rm z}}{{\rm b}_{\rm z}}$, ${{\rm IC}_{\rm T}}{{\rm C}_{\rm P}}$, and ${{\rm nIC}_{\rm T}}{{\rm C}_{\rm P}}$, a newly revised ${{\rm IC}_{\rm T}}{{\rm C}_{\rm P}}$ formula. The color discrimination ellipses were used to test local and global uniformity of color spaces and compared with previous studies. The results revealed that all formulae improved their performance to have a mean lightness parametric factor of about 0.5. CAM02-UCS significantly outperformed the others in overall, local, and global uniformity. The high-quality visual data set is recommended to evaluate or to derive color difference formulae for WCG applications in the future.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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