Abstract

Linear canonical transforms (LCTs) are important in several areas of signal processing; in particular, they were extended to complex-valued parameters to describe optical systems. A special case of these complex LCTs is the Bargmann transform. Recently, Pei and Huang [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 34, 18 (2017) [CrossRef]  ] presented a normalization of the Bargmann transform so that it becomes possible to delimit it near infinity. In this paper, we follow the Pei–Huang algorithm to introduce the discrete normalized Bargmann transform by the relationship between Bargmann and gyrator transforms in the SU(2) finite harmonic oscillator model, and we compare it with the discrete Bargmann transform based on coherent states of the SU(2) oscillator model. This transformation is invertible and unitary. We show that, as in the continuous analog, the discrete normalized Bargmann transform converts the Hermite–Kravchuk functions into Laguerre–Kravchuk functions. In addition, we demonstrate that the discrete su(1,1) repulsive oscillator functions self-reproduce under this discrete transform with little error. Finally, in the space spanned by the wave functions of the SU(2) harmonic oscillator, we find that the discrete normalized Bargmann transform commutes with the fractional Fourier–Kravchuk transform.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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