Abstract

A multilayer patterned graphene metamaterial composed of rectangular graphene, square graphene, and X-shaped graphene is proposed to achieve dual plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) at terahertz frequency. The coupled mode theory calculations are highly consistent with the finite-difference time-domain numerical results. Interestingly, a photoelectric switch has been realized, whose extinction ratio and modulation degree of amplitude can be 7.77 dB and 83.3% with the insertion loss of 7.2%. In addition, any dips can be modulated by tuning the Fermi levels of three graphene layers with minor or ignorable changes of the other two dips. The modulation degrees of frequency are 8.0%, 7.4% and 11.7%, respectively, which can be used to design a triple-mode frequency modulator. Moreover, the group index of the multilayer structure can be as high as 150. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that a multifunctional device can be realized by the proposed structure.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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