Abstract

M-cone stimulation induces a pupil constriction to stimulus offset, whereas, with L cones, the pupil responds conventionally with a constriction to onset. To test the possibility that this paradox is linked to the ${\rm L}{:}{\rm M}$ ratio, we measured the strength of the effect by injecting a variable amount of positive or negative luminance contamination on either side of M-cone isolation and identifying a balance point at which the pupil responded equally to onset and offset. Nineteen individuals were recruited. In observers with low ${\rm L}{:}{\rm M}$ ratio, the paradoxical effect was weak. There was a significant relationship (${{r}^2} = {0.561}$) between the balance point and ${\rm L}{:}{\rm M}$ ratio. The effect is likely to be linked to strong inhibitory signals associated with cone-opponent pathways.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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