Abstract

Collinear facilitation (CF) is the improvement of the detection sensitivity of the target when two high-contrast flanking stimuli (flankers) have the same visual properties. While it is known that CF does not occur between achromatic flanking stimuli and chromatic targets, or vice versa, it remains unclear whether CF occurs when the hue of the target and flankers are different. We measured CF for Gabor stimuli defined in an isoluminant plane using stimuli defined by isoluminant colors along isolated cone-opponent axes and in two diagonal directions. The measured CF varied with the difference in hue between the target and flankers. Moreover, increased thresholds were also observed. These results suggest that CF exhibits hue selectivity and involves a suppression as well as a facilitation component. The hue selectivity profile of these factors infer that the CF cannot be simply explained by the assumption of two independent cone opponent mechanisms.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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