Abstract

The decay behavior of specific intensity is studied for spatial-frequency domain imaging (SFDI). It is shown using the radiative transport equation that the decay is given by a superposition of different decay modes, and the decay rates of these modes are determined by spatial frequencies and Case’s eigenvalues. This explains why SFDI can focus on shallow regions. The fact that light with nonzero spatial frequency rapidly decays makes it possible to exclusively extract optical properties of the top layer of a layered medium. We determine optical properties of the top layer of a solid phantom. This measurement is verified with different layered media of numerical phantoms.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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