Abstract

We report on a theoretical and numerical study of a Gaussian beam modulated by several optical vortices (OV) that carry same-sign unity topological charge (TC) and are unevenly arranged on a circle. The TC of such a multi-vortex beam equals the sum of the TCs of all OVs. If the OVs are located evenly along an arbitrary-radius circle, a simple relationship for the normalized orbital angular momentum (OAM) is derived for such a beam. It is shown that in a multi-vortex beam, OAM normalized to power cannot exceed the number of constituent vortices and decreases with increasing distance from the optical axis to the vortex centers. We show that for the OVs to appear at the infinity of such a combined beam, an infinite-energy Gaussian beam is needed. On the contrary, the total TC is independent of said distance, remaining equal to the number of constituent vortices. We show that if TC is evaluated not along the whole circle encompassing the singularity centers, but along any part of this circle, such a quantity is also invariant and conserves on propagation. Besides, a multi-spiral phase plate is studied for the first time to our knowledge, and we obtained the TC and OAM of multi-vortices generated by this plate. When propagated through a random phase screen (diffuser) the TC is unchanged, while the OAM changes by less than 10% if the random phase delay on the diffuser does not exceed half wavelength. Such multi-vortices can be used for data transmission in the turbulent atmosphere.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Topological charge of a linear combination of optical vortices: topological competition

Victor V. Kotlyar, Alexey A. Kovalev, and Alexander V. Volyar
Opt. Express 28(6) 8266-8281 (2020)

Topological charge of asymmetric optical vortices

Victor V. Kotlyar and Alexey A. Kovalev
Opt. Express 28(14) 20449-20460 (2020)

Orbital angular momentum of superposition of identical shifted vortex beams

A. A. Kovalev and V. V. Kotlyar
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 32(10) 1805-1810 (2015)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (26)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription