Abstract

The emergence of the three-dimensional (3D) scanner has greatly benefited archeology, which can now store cultural heritage artifacts in computers and present them on the Internet. As many Terracotta Warriors have been predominantly found in fragments, the pre-processing of these fragments is very important. The raw point cloud of the fragments has lots of redundant points; it requires an excessively large storage space and much time for post-processing. Thus, an effective method for point cloud simplification is proposed for 3D Terracotta Warrior fragments. First, an algorithm for extracting feature points is proposed that is based on local structure. By constructing a k-dimension tree to establish the k-nearest neighborhood of the point cloud, and comparing the feature discriminant parameter and characteristic threshold, the feature points, as well as the non-feature points, are separated. Second, a deep neural network is constructed to simplify the non-feature points. Finally, the feature points and the simplified non-feature points are merged to form the complete simplified point cloud. Experiments with the public point cloud data and the real-world Terracotta Warrior fragments data are designed and conducted. Excellent simplification results were obtained, indicating that the geometric feature can be preserved very well.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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