Abstract

We analyze the effects of subwavelength-period resonance gratings on temporally partially coherent optical plane-wave pulse trains. The interaction of the grating with pulses is simulated with the Fourier modal method and finite-difference time-domain method whose performances are compared. Both TE and TM linearly polarized Gaussian Schell-model pulse trains are examined, and partial temporal coherence is modeled with the identical elementary-pulse method. The polarization-dependent response of the grating is seen to lead to significant variations in the average intensity, polarization properties, and degree of temporal coherence of the reflected (and transmitted) pulse trains when the coherence time and polarization state of the incident field are altered. As an important example, we demonstrate that a fully polarized incident pulse train can become partially polarized in grating reflection. The results find use in tailoring of random electromagnetic pulse trains.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       The evolution of the degree of polarization P (left figure) and normalized Stokes parameters of reflected time domain pulse train from a grating. Varied parameter is the coherence time of the incident pulse.

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