Abstract

A modal method is developed analytically to investigate the THz optical transmission and reflection of a metallic thin film perforated by a 2D array of rectangular apertures. For subwavelength apertures, this optical model is interpreted in terms of passive electrical circuits, with interface admittances accounting for the THz surface conduction properties of the metallic film. The reactive component of the admittance of the evanescent diffraction cloud is shown to exhibit resonant behavior governed by the shape factors of the array. Interaction of such an electrodynamic resonance with the Rayleigh diffraction orders may alter their standard Fano profiles. Experimental evidence of the resonance is obtained owing to lineshape analysis of transmittance measurements in the THz range on metallic thin films deposited on a dielectric substrate, both above and below the first Wood–Rayleigh anomaly.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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