Abstract

Complex object wave recovery from a single-shot interference pattern is an important practical problem in interferometry and digital holography. The most popular single-shot interferogram analysis method involves Fourier filtering of the cross term, but this method suffers from poor resolution. To obtain full pixel resolution, it is necessary to model the object wave recovery as an optimization problem. The optimization approach typically involves minimizing a cost function consisting of a data consistency term and one or more constraint terms. Despite its potential performance advantages, this method is not used widely due to several tedious and difficult tasks such as empirical tuning of free parameters. We introduce a new optimization approach, mean gradient descent (MGD), for single-shot interferogram analysis that is simple to implement. MGD does not have any free parameters whose empirical tuning is critical to the object wave recovery. The MGD iteration does not try to achieve minimization of a cost function but instead aims to reach a solution point where the data consistency and the constraint terms balance each other. This is achieved by iteratively progressing the solution in the direction that bisects the descent directions associated with the error and constraint terms. Numerical illustrations are shown for recovery of a step phase object from its corresponding off-axis as well as on-axis interferograms simulated with multiple noise levels. Our results show full pixel resolution as evident from the recovery of the phase step and excellent rms phase accuracy relative to the ground truth phase map. The concept of MGD as presented here can potentially find applications to a wider class of optimization problems.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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