Abstract

In this paper, based on the extended Rytov theory that combines modified large-scale and small-scale amplitude spatial-frequency filters, we theoretically derive the scintillation index (SI) of the plane and spherical waves by means of the approximate oceanic refractive-index spectrum with the variable eddy diffusivity ratio propagating through moderate-to-strong oceanic turbulence. The mean bit-error rate (BER) of the underwater optical wireless communication systems is analyzed by use of the predicted SI and the gamma–gamma distribution model. Numerical results show that the obtained SI models are in good agreement with the results in weak-fluctuation regions. Also, we find that in weak turbulence, the mean BER drops sharply with the increase in mean signal-to-noise ratio, while in moderate-to-strong turbulence, the situation is opposite. We also note that the mean BER differs between the cases of unity and the variable eddy diffusivity ratio.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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