Abstract

In this paper, a binocular holographic three-dimensional (3D) display system combining a single spatial light modulator (SLM) and a grating is proposed and implemented. A synthetic phase-only hologram of the left and right 3D perspective images of an object is calculated by the layer-based Fresnel diffraction method according to the depth information, and uploaded onto the SLM for holographic 3D reconstruction with correct depth cues. The grating is designed and fabricated to guide the reconstructed left and right 3D perspective images to the corresponding eyes. Optical experiments demonstrate that the proposed system can successfully present binocular holographic 3D images with both the accommodation effect and binocular parallax, which enables observation free of the accommodation–vergence conflict and visual fatigue problem.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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