Abstract

Generation of vectorial optical fields with arbitrary polarization distribution is of great interest in plenty of applications. In this work, we propose and experimentally demonstrate the generation of a second-order full Poincaré (FP) beam and its application in two-dimensional (2D) flattop beam shaping with spatially variant polarization under a high numerical aperture focusing condition. In addition, the force mechanism of the focal field with 2D flattop beam profile is numerically studied, demonstrating the feasibility to trap a dielectric Rayleigh particle in three-dimensional space. The results show that the additional degree of freedom provided by the FP beam allows one to control the spatial structure of polarization, to engineer the focusing field, and to tailor the optical force exerted on a dielectric Rayleigh particle. The findings reported in the work may find useful applications in laser micromachining, optical trapping, and optical assembly.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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