Abstract

Positive- and negative-powered ophthalmic lenses are used in eccentric infrared photorefraction to calibrate the device, correct the subject’s baseline refractive error before an experimental manipulation, or stimulate blur-driven accommodation. Through theoretical modeling of luminance gradients formed across the pupil and empirical measurements of the eye’s refractive error using a commercial photorefractor, this study shows that image magnification by positive lenses and image minification by negative lenses under- and overestimates the refractive error, respectively, all independent of image defocus. The impact of image magnification/minification therefore appears non-trivial in experimental paradigms involving ophthalmic lenses to manipulate the eye’s optics during photorefraction.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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