Abstract

We show that several types of isotropic image filters in the wavevector domain can be implemented with a single photonic crystal slab device. Such a slab is designed so that the guided resonance near the Γ point exhibits an isotropic band structure. Depending on the light frequency and the choice of transmission or reflection mode, the device realizes isotropic high-pass, low-pass, band-reject, and band-pass filtering in wavevector space. These filter functions are important for various image processing tasks, including edge detection, smoothing, white noise suppression, and suppression or extraction of periodic noises. We numerically demonstrate these filter functionalities by simulations of a slab structure that is designed to operate in the visible wavelength range. Our work expands the application of nanophotonics-based optical analog computing for image processing.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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